Dr Kamal Badreshany
I specialize in the analysis of archaeological materials using archaeometric techniques, including ceramic petrography, scanning electron microscopy, XRF, ICP and X-ray diffraction. Although incorporating data at the micro-level, I am a landscape-oriented anthropological archaeologist interested in human adaptation to changing social, economic, and environmental conditions, especially as related to increasing settlement density. I currently run the Durham Archaeomaterials Research Centre (DARC) (www.darclab.com), an analytical research facility based in the Department of Archaeology that offers advanced chemical and materials analysis for academia and industry.
My research focuses on understanding the social and economic changes that accompanied the development of the first urban landscapes of the ancient Levant. I am especially interested in using a combination of archaeometric and landscapes approaches to assess changes in the modes of ceramic production and exchange that paralleled increased settlement nucleation during the Bronze Age in the Levant and what this information can tell us about the development and nature of early states.
I completed my doctoral dissertation titled 'Urbanization in the Levant: an Archaeometric Approach to Understanding the Social and Economic Impact of Settlement Nucleation in the Biqāc Valley, Lebanon’ in the Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations at the University of Chicago. Since 2002, I have participated in several field projects in Lebanon and Syria. I currently co-direct the Tell Koubba excavations (Koubba, North Lebanon) with Professor Graham Philip
I am a Co-Investigator on the Leverhulme funded 'Did British Tin Sources and Trade make Bronze Age Europe?' working with Dr Ben Roberts. I am also a collaborator on the Canadian funded CRANE project (Computational Research on the Ancient Near East: An Archaeological Data Integration, Simulation, and 3-D Visualization Initiative) with Prof Graham Philip. Together, we run a work package entitled 'Fuelling the State' which investigates through an experimental program the social and environmental impacts of increased fuel consumption on the development of early Near Eastern states.
- Computational Research on the Ancient Near East (CRANE)
- Ceramic Analysis, Ceramic Petrography, and the Application of Materials Science in Archaeology
- Archaeological Science
- Human Interaction and Environmental Impact on Ancient Landscapes
- The Social and Economic Development of Early States
- Prehistoric Levant
- 3-D Digital Imaging and Printing
- Advanced 3D technologies (13 hours/year.)
- Advanced Materials Analysis (13 hours/year.)
- Archaeological Practicals (Ceramics) (9 hours/year.)
- Ceramic Petrography (12 hours/year.)
Chapter in book
- Genz, H., Badreshany, K. & Jean, M. (2021). A View from the North: Black Wheelmade Ware in Lebanon. In Transitions, Urbanism, and Collapse in the Early Bronze Age: Essays in Honor of Suzanne Richard. Long, J.C. & Dever, W.G. Sheffield: Equinox Publishing.
- Badreshany, K. & Philip, G. (2020). Potting on the Edge of the Painted Traditions: Ceramic Regionalism and the Role of Craft Production during the Neolithic of the Central Levant. In Third International Workshop on Ceramics from the Late Neolthic Near East. Özbal, R., Erdalkiran, M. & Yukiko, T. AKMED.
- Badreshany, K. (2019). A Comparative Petrographic Analysis of Middle Bronze Age Ridged-Neck Pithoi from Tell el-Burak and Ashkelon. In Tell El-Burak 1: The Middle Bronze Age: With Chapters Related to the Site and to the Late Medieval Period. Kamlah, J. & Sader, H. Beirut: Harrassowitz. 1.
- Badreshany, K & Schmitt, A (2019). The Middle Bronze Age Remains in Area II. In Tell el-Burak I. The Middle Bronze Age With Chapters Related to the Site and to the Mamluk-Ottoman Periods. Kamlah, J & Sader, H Harrassowitz. 45.
- Badreshany, K (2019). The Pottery. In Tell El-Burak 1: The Middle Bronze Age: With Chapters Related to the Site and to the Late Medieval Period. Kamlah, J & Sader, H Harrassowitz. 45.
- Badreshany, K (2018). The ICP-AES and -MS analysis of medieval and later ceramics from Buckfast Abbey and other sites in south Devon. In Excavations and Building Recording at Buckfast Abbey, Devon, 1984-2017. Brown, S 21.
- Badreshany, K., Genz, H. & Sader, H. (2007). An Early Bronze Age Site on the Lebanese Coast Tell Fadous-Kfarabida 2004 and 2005: Final Report. Bulletin d’Archéologie et d’Architecture Libanaises, 9: 5-115
- Badreshany, K. & Philip, G. (2020). Introduction: Ceramic Studies and Petrographic Analysis in Levantine Archaeology, the Limitations of Current Approaches. Levant 51(2-3).
- Badreshany, K., Philip, G. & Sader, H (2019). New Neolithic and Early Bronze Age Discoveries fom Tell Koubba in Northern Lebanon. Bulletin for the Council for British Research in the Levant 12(1).
- Badreshany, K, Philip, G & Kennedy, M (2019). The Development of Integrated Regional Economies in the Early Bronze Age Levant: new evidence from "Combed-Ware" jars. Levant
- Gries, H, Schmitt, A, Tachatou, E, Sader, H, Katzy, E & Badreshany, K (2019). The Zahrani Regional Survey Project. Bulletin d'Archéologie et d'Architecture Libanaises 19: 173-228.
- Schmitt, A, Gries, H, Tachatou, E, Sader, H, Katzy, E & Badreshany, K (2019). The Zahrani Regional Survey Project: Vorbericht der Kampagnen 2017 und 2018. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft zu Berlin 151: 323-391.
- Kennedy, M. L., Badreshany, K. & Philip, G. (2018). Drinking on the Periphery: The Tell Nebi Mend Goblets in their Regional and Archaeometric Context. Levant
- Schmit, A., Badreshany, K. (Joint First Author), Tachatou, E. & Sader, H. (2018). Insights into the economic organization of the Phoenician homeland: a multidisciplinary investigation of the later Iron Age II and Persian period Phoenician amphorae from Tell el-Burak. Levant 50(1): 52-90.
- Badreshany, Kamal (2017). SEM-EDS analysis of residues from pottery from Wade Street, Bristol. Internet Archaeology (45).
- Badreshany, K. (2016). Lebanon's Earliest Potting Traditions in Regional Context. Berytus 59: 5-42.
- Blanco-González, A., Krieter, A., Badreshany, K., Chapman, J. & Pánczél, P. (2014). Matching sherds to vessels through ceramic petrography: an Early Neolithic Iberian case study. Journal of Archaeological Science 50: 139-152.
- Badreshany, K. & Kamlah, J. (2013). Middle Bronze Age Pottery from Tell el-Burak, Lebanon. Berytus 53-54: 81-113.
- Genz, H., El-Zaatari, S., Cakilar, C., Badreshany, K. & Riehl, S. (2011). A Middle Bronze Age Burial from Tell Fadous-Kfarabida, Lebanon. Ägypten und Levante / Egypt and the Levant 20: 183-205.
- Badreshany, K. & Genz, H. (2009). Pottery Production on the Northern Lebanese Coast During the Early Bronze Age II-III. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 355: 53-88.
- Badreshany, K. & Yanni, S. (2007). The Phosphorus Data from Tell Fadous-Kfarabida. Bulletin d’Archéologie et d’Architecture Libanaises 9: 93-100.
- Nitu, B., Singh I., Badreshany, K., Zhong, L., Henein, N. & Bryzik, W. (2002). Effect of EGR on Autoignition, Combustion, Regulated Emissions, and Aldehydes in DI Diesel Engines. Society of Automotive Engineers Technical Papers 2002-01-1153.
- Computational Research on the Ancient Near East (CRANE)
- Durham Archaeomaterials Research Centre (DARC)
- The DARC Lab: Archaeomaterials Research
- 2020: An early urban industrial quarter, Tell Koubba (£3520.00 from The Society of Antiquaries of London)
- 2020: Did British Tin Sources and Trade Make Bronze Age Europe? (£309084.52 from Leverhulme Trust)
- 2020: Tracing the late Akkadian and UR III 'Magan trade' using Mesopotamian imported vessels in southeast Arabia (£2000.00 from )
- 2017: Instruments of Imperialism? What transport jars reveal about economy and administration in the earliest world empires (£5300.00 from Council for British Research in the Levant)