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Durham University

Department of Archaeology

All Research Projects

Publication details

Jaquin, P.A., Augarde, C.E. & Gerrard, C.M. (2004), Analysis of Tapial structures for modern use and conservation, in Modena, Claudio, Lourenço, Paulo B. & Roca, Pere eds, 2: Symposium on Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions,. Padua, Italy, Taylor & Francis, Leiden, 1315-1321.

Author(s) from Durham


Tapial is an ancient form of rammed earth wall construction found in many parts of the world. In medieval Spain, Tapial was used in the construction of some very large and complex structures, some many-storied. That these buildings remain standing (many remaining also in use) is an indication of the durability of this form of construction, and is perhaps related to the climatic conditions found in central Spain. This paper describes an engineering study into an important structure in the Aragon region, significant parts of which are constructed in medieval Tapial, as well as adobe and other forms of construction. The aim of the study is both to improve understanding of the nature of this structure and to provide guidance on methods of preservation and new construction.

Department of Archaeology

Scottish Soldiers Project

Cooperating with the Palace Museum in China