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Durham University

Department of Anthropology


Publication details for Prof Gillian Bentley

Nunez-de la Mora, A. Napolitano, D., Uddin, F., Choudhury, O. & Bentley, G.R. (2007). Betel nut use among first and second generation Bangladeshi women in London, UK. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 9(4): 299-306.

Author(s) from Durham


This study evaluated the effects of socio-economic variables and migration history on the prevalence of betel nut and smokeless tobacco use in both UK- and Bangladeshi born migrant women resident in London. No significant difference in betel nut use prevalence was found among women of different generations. However, in all groups betel nut users were significantly older and less educated than non-users. Among first generation women there was no effect of either length of time living in the UK or age at migration on use of betel nut, even after controlling for current age. No significant differences in prevalence use due to language spoken, occupation, marital status or borough of residence in London were found. We conclude that, although there are some indications of a change in behavior among younger individuals, betel nut chewing is a practice very much present among Bangladeshi women born and brought up in a bicultural context.