Dr Tessa M. Pollard, DPhil
(email at email@example.com)
Tessa's current research draws on approaches from medical anthropology, public health and epidemiology to investigate the place of health-related practices, particularly physical activities such as walking, in everyday lives. She also draws on an evolutionary perspective, which considers how past adaptations may have led to today's health problems. For some time she has applied these approaches to investigate risk factors for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes in migrant and minority groups in the UK, and she currently has a particular interest in women's walking.
She leads a Physical Activity Lab using a variety of technologies, as well as qualitative methods, to investigate everyday practices such as walking.
Tessa supervises PhD students working on health in Orthodox Jewish children living in the UK, on lived experiences of physical activity in young people in a deprived inner-city area and on the suggested link between sedentary time during pregnancy and risk of gestational diabetes. Previous students have worked on differences in diet and physical activity between British Pakistani and White British girls, on the link between short sleep duration and obesity in childhood, on birth weight and adiposity in British Pakistani children and on experiences of the menopause in British Pakistani women.
- Evolutionary perspectives on 'western' diseases
- Lifestyle, inequalities and cardiovascular diseases / type 2 diabetes
- The health of migrant populations in the UK, especially in relation to South Asians
- Early life influences on health (e.g. the thrifty phenotype) in relation to populations in transition
- Stress and health
- 1: Pollard, Tessa M. & Wagnild, Janelle M. (2017). Gender differences in walking (for leisure, transport and in total) across adult life: a systematic review. BMC Public Health 17(1): 341.
- 2: Abbas, S.Z., Pollard, T.M., Wynn, P., Learmonth, A., Joyce, K. & Bambra, C. (2015). The effectiveness of using the workplace to identify and address modifiable health risk factors in deprived populations. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 72(9): 664-669.
- 3: Hornby-Turner, Y.C., Hampshire, K.R. & Pollard, T.M. (2014). A comparison of physical activity and sedentary behaviour in 9-11 year old British Pakistani and White British girls: a mixed methods study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 11: 74.
- 4: Jones, Caroline HD, Pollard, Tessa M, Summerbell, CD & Ball, Helen L (2014). Could parental rules play a role in the association between short sleep and obesity in young children?. Journal of Biosocial Science 46(3): 405-418.
- 5: Pollard, T.M. & Guell, C. (2012). Assessing physical activity in Muslim women of South Asian origin. Journal of Physical Activity and Health 9: 970-976.
- 6: Pollard, T.M., Hornby-Turner, Y.C., Ghurbhurrun, A. & Ridgers, N. (2012). Differences between 9–11 year old British Pakistani and White British girls in physical activity and behavior during school recess. BMC Public Health 12: 1087.
- 7: Pearce, M.S., Tennant, P.W.G., Mann, K.D., Pollard, T.M., McLean, L., Kaye, B. & Parker, L. (2012). Lifecourse predictors of mammographic density: The Newcastle Thousand Families cohort study. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 131: 187-195.
- 8: Henderson, E.J., Jones, C.H.D., Hornby-Turner, Y.C. & Pollard, T.P. (2011). Adiposity and Blood Pressure in 7- to 11-Year-Old Children: Comparison of British Pakistani and White British Children, and of British Pakistani Children of Migrant and British-Born Mothers. American Journal of Human Biology 23(5): 710-716.
- 9: Pearce, M.S., Groom, A., Relton, C.L., Peaston, R.T., Pollard, T.M. & Francis, R.M. (2011). Birth weight and early socioeconomic disadvantage as predictors of sex hormones and sex hormone binding globulin in men at age 49-51 years. American Journal of Human Biology 23(2): 185-189.
- 10: Pollard, T.M. (2011). Ethnic groups as migrant groups: improving understanding of links between ethnicity/race and risk of type 2 diabetes and associated conditions. Annual Review of Anthropology 40: 145-158.
- 11: Pollard, T.M., Rousham, E.K. & Colls, R. (2011). Intergenerational and familial approaches to obesity and related conditions. Annals of Human Biology 38: 385-389.
- 12: Pollard, T.M., Rousham, E.K. & Colls, R. (2011). Intergenerational and familial approaches to obesity and related conditions. Annals of Human Biology, 38 (4): Informa Healthcare.
- 13: Pollard, T.M. (2008). Western Diseases: An Evolutionary Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- 14: Pollard, T.M., Unwin, N., Fischbacher, C. & Chamley, J.K. (2009). Total estradiol levels in migrant and British-born British Pakistani women: investigating early life influences on ovarian function. American Journal of Human Biology 21: 301-304.
- 15: Pollard, T.M., Unwin, N., Fischbacher, C. & Chamley, J.K. (2008). Differences in body composition and cardiovascular and type 2 diabetes risk factors between migrant and British-born British Pakistani women. American Journal of Human Biology 20: 545-549.
- 16: Pollard, T.M., Nunez-de la Mora, A. & Unwin, N. (2008). Evolutionary perspectives on type 2 diabetes in Asia. In Medicine and Evolution: Current Applications, Future Prospects. Elton, S. & O'Higgins, P. Florida: Taylor and Francis.
- 17: Pollard, T.M. & Unwin, N.C. (2008). Impaired reproductive function in women in western and 'westernizing' populations: An evolutionary approach. In Evolutionary Medicine and Health: New Perspectives. Trevathan, W., Smith, E.O. & McKenna, J. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 169-181.
- 18: Blell, M.T., Pollard, T.M. & Pearce, M.S. (2008). Predictors of age at menarche in the Newcastle Thousand Families Study. Journal of Biosocial Science 40(4): 563-575.
- 19: Pollard, T.M. (2007). Adrenaline. In Encyclopedia of stress. Fink, G. Oxford: Elsevier.
- 20: Pollard, T.M., Pearce, K.L., Rousham, E.K. & Schwartz, J.E. (2007). Do blood pressure and heart rate responses to perceived stress vary according to endogenous estrogen level in women?. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 132(1): 151-157.
- 21: Pollard, T.M. & Ice, G.H. (2007). Measuring hormonal variation in the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis: cortisol. In Measuring stress in humans: a practical guide for the field. Ice, G.H. & James, G.D. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 122-158.
- 22: Pollard, T.M., Unwin, N.C., Fischbacher, C.M. & Chamley, J.K. (2006). Sex hormone-binding globulin and androgen levels in immigrant and British-born premenopausal British Pakistani women: evidence of early life influences?. American Journal of Human Biology 18(6): 741-747.
- 23: Cooper, R., Blell, M.T., Hardy, R., Black, S., Pollard, T.M., Wadsworth, M.E.J., Pearce, M.S. & Kuh, D. (2006). The validity of age at menarche self-reported in adulthood. Journal of epidemiology and community health 60: 993-997.
- 24: Henderson, E.J., Atherton, H., Weir, R. & Pollard, T.M. (2005). Intergenerational differences in body composition in 8-9 year old British Pakistani children: A pilot study. Society, Biology and Human Affairs 70(2): 23-27.
- 25: Pollard, T.M. & Schwartz, J.E. (2003). Are changes in blood pressure and total cholesterol related to changes in mood? An 18-month study of men and women. Health psychology 22(1): 47-53.
- 26: Pollard, T.M., Carlin, L.E., Bhopal, R., Unwin, N., White, M. & Fischbacher, C. (2003). Social networks and coronary heart disease risk factors in South Asians and Europeans in the United Kingdom. Ethnicity and health 8: 263-275.
- 27: Pollard, T.M., Fischbacher, C. & Unwin, N. (2002). Oestrogen may contribute to variation in mortality. British medical journal 324: 237.
- 28: Ahmad, N., Pollard, T.M. & Unwin, N. (2002). The optimal timing of blood collection during the menstrual cycle for the assessment of endogenous sex hormones. Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers and prevention 11: 147-151.
- 29: Pollard, T.M. (2001). Changes in mental well-being, blood pressure and total cholesterol during workplace reorganisation: the impact of uncertainty. Work and Stress 15: 14-28.
- 30: Pollard, T.M. (2001). Measuring demographic group differences in cardiovascular reactivity to stress using a mental challenge in the laboratory. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 55(4): 288.
- 31: Pollard, T.M., Ward, G.A., Thornley, J., Wooster, G., Wooster, J. & Panter-Brick, C. (2000). Modernisation and children's blood pressure: on and off the tourist trail in Nepal. American Journal of Human Biology 12: 478-486.
- 32: Panter-Brick, C. & Pollard, T.M. (1999). Health consequences of economic behaviour over the lifespan: hormonal profiles in different ecological contexts. In Hormones, health and behaviour: a developmental and ecological perspective. Panter-Brick, C. & Worthman, C. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 139-183.
- 33: Pollard, T.M. (1999). Sex, gender and cardiovascular disease. In Sex, Gender and Health. Pollard, T.M. & Hyatt, S.B. Cambridge University Press. 53-74.
- 34: Pollard, T.M. & Hyatt, S.B. (1999). Sex, gender and health. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- 35: Pollard, T.M. (1999). Urban living and psychosocial stress. In Urbanism, health and human biology in industrialised countries. Schell, L.M. & Ulijaszek, S.J. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 231-249.
- 36: Pollard, T.M., Steptoe, A. & Wardle, J. (1998). Motives underlying healthy eating: using the food choice questionnaire to explain variation in deitary intake. Journal of Biosocial Science 30: 165-179.
- 37: Steptoe, A. & Pollard, T.M. (1998). Stress reactions: selected acute physiological outcomes. In Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety. Stellman, J.M. Geneva: International Labour Organization. 34.52-34.53.
- 38: Steptoe, A., Wardle, J., Pollard, T.M., Lipsey, Z., Davies, G.J. & Oliver, G. (1998). The effects of life stress on food choice. In The Nation's Diet. Murcott, A. Harlow: Addison Wesley Longman. 29-42.
- 39: Pollard, T.M. (1997). Environmental change and cardiovascular disease: a new complexity. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 40: 1-24.
- 40: Pollard, T.M. (1997). Physiological consequences of everyday psychosocial stress. Collegium Antropologicum 21: 17-28.
- 41: Pollard, T.M., Harrison, G.A., Ungpakorn, G. & Parkes, K.R. (1996). Epinephrine and cortisol responses to work: a test of the models of Frankenhaeuser and Karasek. Annals of Behavioral Medicine 18(4): 229-237.
- 42: Steptoe, A., Wardle, J., Pollard, T.M., Canaan, L. & Davies, G.J. (1996). Stress, social support, and health-related behaviour: a study of smoking, alcohol consumption and physical exercise. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 41: 171-180.
- 43: Steptoe, A., Pollard, T.M. & Wardle, J. (1995). Development of a measure of the motives underlying the selection of food: the Food Choice Questionnaire. Appetite 25: 267-284.
- 44: Pollard, T.M., Steptoe, A., Canaan, L., Davies, G. & Wardle, J. (1995). Effects of academic examination stress on eating behavior and blood lipid levels. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine 2: 299-320.
- 45: Schmitt, L.H., Harrison, G.A., Spargo, R.M., Pollard, T.M. & Ungpakorn, G. (1995). Patterns of cortisol and adrenaline variation in Australian Aboriginal Communities of the Kimberley region. Journal of Biosocial Science 27: 107-116.
- 46: Pollard, T.M. (1995). Use of cortisol as a stress marker: practical and theoretical problems. American Journal of Human Biology 7: 265-274.
- 47: Pollard, T.M., Ungpakorn, G. & Harrison, G.A. (1992). Some determinants of population variation in cortisol levels in a British urban community. Journal of Biosocial Science 24: 477-485.
- 48: Pollard, T.M., Harrison, G.A. & Brush, G. (1991). Geographical distributions of within-population variability in blood pressure. Human Biology 63: 643-662.
Department of Anthropology
Wolfson Research Institute for Health and Wellbeing
- Physical Activity Special Interest Group
- Investigating Physical Activity and Diet in British Pakistani Women and Girls.
- Understanding the impact of early environment on ovarian function and cardiovascular risk factors