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Department of Anthropology

Academic Staff

Publication details for Prof Michael B. Carrithers

Carrithers M. B. (2000). On polytropy or the natural condition of spiritual cosmopolitanism in India the Digambar Jain case. Modern Asian studies 34(4): 831-861.

Author(s) from Durham


As Jog Maya remarked to me, there are religions enough for everyone to choose, just like vegetables in the morning bazaar. Gellner 1992:70

The family was in continuous communion with a whole range of business associates, gods and men. Bayly 1983:390.


Babb, L. 1996. Absent Lord: Ascetics and Kings in a Jain Ritual Culture. University of
California Press: London.
Bayly, C. A. 1983. Rulers, Townsmen and Bazaars: North India in the Age of British
Expansion, 1770±1870. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
Bayly, Susan. 1989. Saints, Goddesses and Kings: Muslims and Christians in South Indian
Society, 1700±1900. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
Bourdieu, P. 1977. Outline of a Theory of Practice. Cambridge University Press:
Carrithers, M. 1988. `Passions of Nation and Community in the Bahubali Affair',
Modern Asian Studies, vol. 22, part 4, pp. 815±44.
Carrithers, M. 1989. `Naked Ascetics in Southern Digambar Jainism', Man (n.s.),
vol. 24, pp. 219±35.
Carrithers, M. 1990. `Jainism and Buddhism as Long Historical Streams', Journal
of the Anthropological Society of Oxford, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 141±63.
Carrithers, M. 1991. `The Foundations of Community among Southern Digambar
Jains', in Carrithers and Humphrey, The Assembly of Listeners: Jains in Society.
Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
Carrithers, M. 1992. Why Humans Have Cultures: Explaining Anthropology and Social
Diversity. Oxford University Press: Oxford.
Carrithers, M. 1996. `Concretely Imagining the Southern Digambar Community,
1899±1920'. Modern Asian Studies, vol. 30, part 3, pp. 523±49.
Carrithers, M. and C. Humphrey (eds). 1991. The Assembly of Listeners: Jains in Society.
Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
Cort, J. 1989. `Liberation and Well-being: A Study of Svetambar Murtipujak Jains
in North Gujarat'. Ph.D. Thesis, Harvard University.
Dundas, P. 1992. The Jains. Routledge: London.
Fuller, C. 1992. The Camphor Flame: Popular Hinduism and Society in India. Princeton
University Press: Princeton.
Gellner, D. 1992. Monk, Householder, and Tantric Priest: Newar Buddhism and its Hierarchy
of Ritual. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
Hardy, F. 1994. The Religious Culture of India: Power, Love and Wisdom. Cambridge
University Press: Cambridge.
Humphrey, C. and J. Laidlaw. 1994. The Archetypal Actions of Ritual: A Theory of Ritual
Illustrated by the Jain Rite of Worship. Clarendon Press: Oxford.
Jaini, P. 1979. The Jaina Path of Pruri®cation. University of California Press: London.
Jaini, P. 1991. `Is there a Popular Jainism?' In Carrithers and Humphrey (eds).
Lath, M. 1991. `Somadeva Suri and the Question of Jain Identity'. In Carrithers
and Humphrey (eds).
Malalgoda, K. 1976. Buddhism in Sinhalese Society, 1750±1900: A Study of Religious
Revival and Change. University of California Press: London.
Mines, M. 1994. Public Faces, Private Voices: Community and Individuality in South India.
University of California Press: London.
Sanderson, A. 1985. `Purity and Power among the Brahmans of Kashmir', in M.
Carrithers, S. Collins and S. Lukes (eds) The Category of the Person: Anthropology,
Philosophy, History. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
Shastri, J. and J. D. Upadhye. 1954. Srijainendravratakathasangraha. Solapur.
Stewart, C. and R. Shaw (eds). 1994. Sycretism/Anti-Syncretism: The Politics of Religious
Synthesis. Routledge: London.
Williams, R. 1963. Jaina Yoga. Clarendon Press: Oxford.


© Cambridge University Press 2000.