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Department of Sociology

Sociology Department Staff

Prof Brian Castellani

Personal web page

Professor of Sociology in the Department of Sociology

Contact Prof Brian Castellani (email at brian.c.castellani@durham.ac.uk)

In addition to being a Professor of Sociology at Durham, I am currently Adjunct Professor of Psychiatry (Northeast Ohio Medical University) and Co-Editor of the Routledge Complexity in Social Science series. I am also a member of the editorial board for International Journal of Social Research Methodology and Complexity, Governance and Networks.

Trained as a sociologist, clinical psychologist and methodologist (statistics and computational social science), I have spent the past ten years developing a new case-based, data-mining approach to modeling complex social systems – called the SACS Toolkit – which my colleagues and I have used to help researchers, policy makers and service providers address and improve complex public health issues such as community health and well-being; infrastructure and grid reliability; mental health and inequality; big data and data mining; and globalization and global civil society.

We have also recently developed the COMPLEX-IT R-studio software app, which allows everyday users seamless access to such high-powered techniques as machine intelligence, neural nets, and agent-based modeling to make better sense of the complex world(s) in which they live and work.

Selected Publications

Journal Article

  • Castellani, Brian, Griffiths, Frances, Rajaram, Rajeev & Gunn, Jane (2018). Exploring comorbid depression and physical health trajectories: A case-based computational modelling approach. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24(6): 1293-1309.
  • Kingsbury, Diana M, Bhatta, Madhav P, Castellani, Brian, Khanal, Aruna, Jefferis, Eric & Hallam, Jeffrey S (2018). Factors Associated with the Presence of Strong Social Supports in Bhutanese Refugee Women During Pregnancy. Journal of immigrant and minority health 1-7.
  • Kingsbury, Diana, Bhatta, Madhav, Castellani, Brian, Khanal, Aruna, Jefferis, Eric & Hallam, Jeffery (2018). The Personal Social Networks of Resettled Bhutanese Refugees During Pregnancy in the United States: A Social Network Analysis. Journal of community health 1-9.
  • Rajaram, Rajeev, Castellani, Brian & Wilson, AN (2017). Advancing shannon entropy for measuring diversity in systems. Complexity 2017: 8715605.
  • Galen Buckwalter, J, Castellani, Brian, Mcewen, Bruce, Karlamangla, Arun S, Rizzo, Albert A, John, Bruce, O'donnell, Kyle & Seeman, Teresa (2016). Allostatic load as a complex clinical construct: a case-based computational modeling approach. Complexity 21(S1): 291-306.
  • Rajaram, Rajeev & Castellani, Brian (2016). An entropy based measure for comparing distributions of complexity. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications 453: 35-43.
  • Castellani, Brian, Rajaram, Rajeev, Gunn, Jane & Griffiths, Frances (2016). Cases, clusters, densities: Modeling the nonlinear dynamics of complex health trajectories. Complexity 21(S1): 160-180.
  • Lieff, Susan, Poost-foroosh, Laya, Baker, Lindsay, Castellani, Brian, Hafferty, Fred & Ng, Stella L (2016). it takes a village: Academic leaders' conceptions of their social networks: oc2-5. Medical Education 50: 59.
  • Castellani, Brian & Rajaram, Rajeev (2016). Past the power law: Complex systems and the limiting law of restricted diversity. Complexity 21(S2): 99-112.
  • Castellani, B., Rajaram, R., Buckwalter, J.G., Ball, M. & Hafferty, F. (2015). Conclusion. SpringerBriefs in Public Health (9783319097336): 75-76.
  • Castellani, B., Rajaram, R., Buckwalter, J.G., Ball, M. & Hafferty, F. (2015). Methods. SpringerBriefs in Public Health (9783319097336): 27-34.
  • Castellani, B., Rajaram, R., Buckwalter, J.G., Ball, M. & Hafferty, F. (2015). Places are agent-based. SpringerBriefs in Public Health (9783319097336): 69-74.
  • Castellani, B., Rajaram, R., Buckwalter, J.G., Ball, M. & Hafferty, F. (2015). Places are complex. SpringerBriefs in Public Health (9783319097336): 35-37.
  • Castellani, B., Rajaram, R., Buckwalter, J.G., Ball, M. & Hafferty, F. (2015). Places are dynamic and evolving. SpringerBriefs in Public Health (9783319097336): 51-54.
  • Castellani, B., Rajaram, R., Buckwalter, J.G., Ball, M. & Hafferty, F. (2015). Places are emergent and self-organizing. SpringerBriefs in Public Health (9783319097336): 39-45.
  • Castellani, B., Rajaram, R., Buckwalter, J.G., Ball, M. & Hafferty, F. (2015). Places are nodes within larger networks. SpringerBriefs in Public Health (9783319097336): 47-49.
  • Castellani, B., Rajaram, R., Buckwalter, J.G., Ball, M. & Hafferty, F. (2015). Places are nonlinear. SpringerBriefs in Public Health (9783319097336): 55-57.
  • Castellani, B., Rajaram, R., Buckwalter, J.G., Ball, M. & Hafferty, F. (2015). Places are open-ended with fuzzy boundaries. SpringerBriefs in Public Health (9783319097336): 63-65.
  • Castellani, B., Rajaram, R., Buckwalter, J.G., Ball, M. & Hafferty, F. (2015). Places are power-based conflicted negotiations. SpringerBriefs in Public Health (9783319097336): 67-68.
  • Castellani, B., Rajaram, R., Buckwalter, J.G., Ball, M. & Hafferty, F. (2015). Places are subjective and historical. SpringerBriefs in Public Health (9783319097336): 59-61.
  • Castellani, B., Rajaram, R., Buckwalter, J.G., Ball, M. & Hafferty, F. (2015). The complexities of place approach. SpringerBriefs in Public Health (9783319097336): 1-9.
  • Rajaram, Rajeev & Castellani, Brian (2015). The utility of nonequilibrium statistical mechanics, specifically transport theory, for modeling cohort data. Complexity 20(4): 45-57.
  • Hafferty, Frederic W, Castellani, Brian, Hafferty, Philip K & Pawlina, Wojciech (2013). Anatomy and histology as socially networked learning environments: Some preliminary findings. Academic Medicine 88(9): 1315-1323.
  • Castellani, Brian & Rajaram, Rajeev (2012). Case-based modeling and the SACS Toolkit: a mathematical outline. Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory 18(2): 153-174.
  • Rajaram, Rajeev & Castellani, Brian (2012). Modeling complex systems macroscopically: Case/agent-based modeling, synergetics, and the continuity equation. Complexity 18(2): 8-17.
  • HAFFERTY, FREDERIC & CASTELLANI, BRIAN (2010). La complejidad creciente del profesionalismo. LA SALUD 85(2): 39.
  • Hafferty, Frederic W & Castellani, Brian (2010). The increasing complexities of professionalism. Academic Medicine 85(2): 288-301.
  • Hafferty, F.W. & Castellani, B. (2009). A sociological framing of medicine's modern-day professionalism movement. Medical Education 43(9): 826-828.
  • Hafferty, Frederic W & Castellani, Brian (2009). A sociological framing of medicine’s modern-day professionalism movement. Medical education 43(9): 826-828.
  • Castellani, Brian, Hafferty, Frederic & Ball, Michael (2009). E-Social Science from a Systems Perspective: Applying the SACS Toolkit. Journal of Sociocybernetics 7(2): 89.
  • Castellani, B. & Hafferty, F.W. (2009). Environmental forces. Understanding Complex Systems 2009: 105-138.
  • Castellani, B. & Hafferty, F.W. (2009). Five areas of research. Understanding Complex Systems 2009: 139-186.
  • Castellani, B. & Hafferty, F.W. (2009). Introduction: The complexity of sociology. Understanding Complex Systems 2009: 1-32.
  • Castellani, B. & Hafferty, F.W. (2009). Mapping complexity. Understanding Complex Systems 2009: 241-261.
  • Castellani, B. & Hafferty, F.W. (2009). Overview of SACS. Understanding Complex Systems 2009: 83-103.
  • Castellani, B. & Hafferty, F.W. (2009). SACS today. Understanding Complex Systems 2009: 207-232.
  • Castellani, B. & Hafferty, F.W. (2009). SACS toolkit - Assemblage. Understanding Complex Systems 2009: 67-82.
  • Castellani, B. & Hafferty, F.W. (2009). SACS toolkit - Theoretical framework. Understanding Complex Systems 2009: 33-65.
  • Castellani, B. & Hafferty, F.W. (2009). The system of SACS. Understanding Complex Systems 2009: 187-206.
  • Castellani, Brian & Castellani, John (2003). Data mining: qualitative analysis with health informatics data. Qualitative Health Research 13(7): 1005-1018.
  • Castellani, Brian, Castellani, John & Spray, S Lee (2003). Grounded neural networking: Modeling complex quantitative data. Symbolic Interaction 26(4): 577-589.
  • Wear, Delese & Castellani, Brian (2002). Motherhood and medicine: The experience of double consciousness. Annals of Behavioral Science and Medical Education 8(2): 92.
  • Wear, Delese & Castellani, Brian (2000). (Re) considering Context in Patient-Doctor Relationships. Annals of Behavioral Science and Medical Education 7(1): 13.
  • Castellani, Brian & Wear, Delese (2000). Physician views on practicing professionalism in the corporate age. Qualitative Health Research 10(4): 490-506.
  • Wear, Delese & Castellani, Brian (2000). The development of professionalism: curriculum matters. Academic Medicine 75(6): 602-611.
  • Wear, D. & Castellani, B. (1999). Conflicting plots and narrative d ysfunction in health care. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 42(4): 544-558.
  • Wear, Delese & Castellani, Brian (1999). Conflicting plots and narrative dysfunction in health care. Perspectives in biology and medicine 42(4): 544-558.
  • Castellani, Brian (1999). Michel Foucault and Symbolic Interactionism: The Making of a New Theory of Interaction. Studies in Symbolic Interaction 22: 247-272.
  • Castellani, Brian, Wedgeworth, Raymond, Wootton, Enoch & Rugle, Loreen (1997). A bi-directional theory of addiction: examining coping and the factors related to substance relapse. Addictive Behaviors 22(1): 139-144.
  • Castellani, B., Wootton, E., Rugle, L., Wedgeworth, R., Prabucki, K. & Olson, R. (1996). Homelessness, negative affect, and coping among veterans with gambling problems who misused substances. Psychiatric Services 47(3): 298-299.
  • Castellani, Brian, Wootton, Enoch, Rugle, Lori, Wedgeworth, Raymond, Prabucki, Ken & Olson, Richard (1996). Homelessness, negative affect, and coping among veterans with gambling problems who misused substances.
  • Castellani, Brian & Rugle, Loreen (1995). A comparison of pathological gamblers to alcoholics and cocaine misusers on impulsivity, sensation seeking, and craving. International journal of the addictions 30(3): 275-289.

Authored book

Chapter in book

  • Dister, Carl J., Castellani, Brian & Rajaram, Rajeev (2018). Modeling social complexity in infrastructures: a case-based approach to improving reliability and resiliency. In Handbook of Research Methods in Complexity Science: Theory and Applications. Mitleton-Kelly, Eve, Paraskevas, Alexandros & Day, Christopher Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing. 267-284.
  • Castellani, Brian, Rajaram, Rajeev, Buckwalter, J Galen, Ball, Michael & Hafferty, Frederic (2015). Case-Based Modeling and the SACS Toolkit. In Place and Health as Complex Systems. Springer, Cham. 15-26.
  • Castellani, Brian, Rajaram, Rajeev, Buckwalter, J Galen, Ball, Michael & Hafferty, Frederic (2015). Definitional Test of Complex Systems. In Place and Health as Complex Systems. Springer, Cham. 11-13.
  • Castellani, Brian, Schimpf, Corey & Hafferty, Frederic (2013). Medical Sociology and Case-Based Complexity Science: A User’s Guide. In Handbook of Systems and Complexity in Health. Springer, New York, NY. 521-535.
  • Hafferty, Frederic W & Castellani, Brian (2011). Two cultures: Two ships: The rise of a professionalism movement within modern medicine and medical sociology’s disappearance from the professionalism debate. In Handbook of the sociology of health, illness, and healing. Springer, New York, NY. 201-219.
  • Hafferty, Frederic W & Castellani, Brian (2007). Theories of Social Relations. In Hogrefe \& Huber.
  • Hafferty, Frederic W & Castellani, Brian (2006). Medical sociology. In 331-338.
  • Castellani, Brian & Hafferty, Frederic W (2006). The complexities of medical professionalism. In Professionalism in medicine. Springer, Boston, MA. 3-23.
  • Castellani, John & Castellani, Brian (2005). Data-mining strategies for researching the effectiveness of assistive and instructional technologies. In Handbook of Special Education Technology Research and Practice. Knowledge by Design.

Monograph

  • Castellani, Brian, Rajaram, Rajeev, Buckwalter, J Galen, Ball, Michael & Hafferty, Frederic (2015). Place and health as complex systems: A case study and empirical test. Springer.
  • Castellani, Brian (2000). Pathological gambling: The making of a medical problem. Suny Press.

Book review

  • Castellani, Brian (2013). Moreira, T. The Transformation of Contemporary Health Care: The Market, the Laboratory, and the Forum. London: Routledge. 2012.(hbk) vii+ 181 pp. ISBN 13: 978-0-415-88600-0. Sociology of Health \& Illness 35(3): 496-497.
  • Castellani, Brian (2012). Review of Social Understanding: On Hermeneutics, Geometrical Models and Artificial Intelligence (Theory and Decision Library A:).
  • Castellani, Brian (2012). Social Understanding: On Hermeneutics, Geometrical Models and Artificial Intelligence (Theory and Decision Library A:).
  • Castellani, Brian (2010). Review of Mind \& Society: Special Issue on Social Simulation, Volume 8, Number 2, 2009.

Conference Paper

  • Aitchison, Katherine J, Castellani, Brian, Chapman, Craig S, Christensen, Darren R, Crawford, Sandy, Currie, Cheryl, Downs, Carolyn, Euston, David, Forrest, David, Goodyear, Bradley G & others (2014), Controversial Topics in Gambling: Alberta Gambling Research Institute's 13th Annual Conference, Various.

Newspaper/Magazine Article

  • Castellani, Brian (2014). FOCUS: Complexity and the failure of quantitative social science. Focus 12: 12.
  • Castellani, Brian (2001). Is pathological gambling really a problem?-You bet! Psychiatric Times 18(2).

Other (Digital/Visual Media)

  • Castellani, Brian (2009). Map of complexity science. Art \& Science Factory

Other (Print)

  • Castellani, Brian (2016). The Value of Systems and Complexity Sciences for Healthcare.

Report

  • Castellani, Brian, Ball, Michael, Carvalho, Kenneth & others (2011). Addressing the US Financial/Housing Crisis: Pareto, Schelling and Social Mobility.

Show all publications

Indicators of Esteem

Research Interests

  • Complexities of place and health
  • Communities and global civil society
  • Computational modeling and mixed-methods
  • Complexity theory and policy evaluation
  • Big data and digital sociology

Selected Grants

  • 2019: Co-I. CECAN - Centre for the Evaluation of Complexity Across the Nexus. PI: Prof. Nigel Gilbert. ESRC. Start Date: 03/2019. Project End Date: 03/2021. £3m
  • 2014: Co-I. ESRC Seminar Series: Method in the Social Sciences: An Interdisciplinary Approach, with Professor David Byrne (Sociology, Durham University) and PI: Reader Emma Uprichard (Centre for Interdisciplinary Methodologies). Project Start Date: 15/02/2014 Project End Date: 15/02/2017. £30,000

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