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Durham University



Publication details for Professor Marko Nardini

Nardini, M. & Cowie, D. (2012). The development of multisensory balance, locomotion, orientation and navigation. In Multisensory Development. Bremner, A., Lewkowicz, D. & Spence, C. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 137-159.

Author(s) from Durham


This chapter reviews the development of multisensory control of whole-body movement. The developing interactions between non-visual (e.g. vestibular and proprioceptive) and visual (e.g. optic flow) sensory inputs for whole-body control are discussed. Even very young children use multisensory information for spatial orienting responses, and to control balance and locomotion. In many tasks, research shows that visual information is heavily weighted in infancy and early childhood, but is gradually down-weighted during development in favour of somatosensory and vestibular inputs. Sensory integration for more complex navigation tasks shows an extended developmental trajectory. The application of Bayesian (ideal observer) models to understanding sensory integration and re-weighting in childhood is discussed.

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