Professor Charles Fernyhough, MA, PhD
My background is in developmental psychology, with a particular focus on social, emotional and cognitive development. Through theoretical and empirical work, I have contributed to the understanding of how language and thought are related in child development and beyond. The focus of my recent scientific work has been in applying ideas from mainstream developmental psychology to the study of psychosis, particularly the phenomenon of voice-hearing (in which individuals hear voices in the absence of any speaker). I have developed a new model of voice-hearing and inner speech, and conducted empirical studies testing aspects of the model in clinical and healthy samples. This work culminated in 2012 with the award of a £1m Wellcome Trust Strategic Award to the interdisciplinary Hearing the Voice project, on which I am PI.
I am active in outreach and public engagement work on themes relating to my research, and in recent years have taken up several exciting engagement challenges, such as lecturing twice at the Royal Institution (March 2010 and July 2012), and writing features for New Scientist and Focus Magazine. I contribute regularly to newspapers in the UK and beyond, with credits including the Guardian, TIME Ideas, Daily Beast, Observer, Literary Review, Sunday Telegraph, Scotland on Sunday, Financial Times, Sydney Morning Herald and Nature. My broadcast media appearances include writing and presenting an essay for New Generation Thinkers (Radio 3, 2008), three appearances on NPR’s Radiolab, interviews on NPR’s Weekend Edition and Brian Lehrer show, local radio (BBC London, Newcastle, Manchester, Kent, Tees), three appearances on BBC Radio 4’s Woman’s Hour, interviews on Radio 4’s All in the Mind and The Digital Human and BBC World Service’s The Forum, and several other radio appearances in the US, Ireland and elsewhere. I have been involved in a consultancy role in two West End theatre productions (‘The River’, Royal Court, 2012; ‘Old Times’, Harold Pinter Theatre, 2013), numerous TV (BBC1 and Channel 4) and radio documentaries and several other artistic projects. I have produced two popular science books on psychology: The Baby in the Mirror: A child’s world from birth to three (Granta, 2008) and Pieces of Light: Memory and its stories (Profile, 2012; shortlisted for the 2013 Royal Society Winton Prize for Science Books). I am also the author of two novels: The Auctioneer (Fourth Estate, 1999) and A Box of Birds (Unbound, 2013).
- Cognitive-developmental approaches to psychosis and other disorders
- Imaginary companions in childhood and adulthood
- Individual differences in theory of mind
- Private speech and the development of verbal self-regulation
- Vygotsky's theory
- Cognitive processes in literary reading and writing
Chapter in book
- McCarthy-Jones, S., Thomas, N., Dodgson, G., Fernyhough, C., Brotherhood, E., Wilson, G. & Dudley, R. (2015). What have we learnt about the ability of cognitive behavioural therapy to help with voice-hearing?. In Psychological approaches to understanding and treating auditory hallucinations: From theory to therapy. Hayward, M., Strauss, C. & McCarthy-Jones, S. Routledge. 78-99.
- Woods, A. & Fernyhough, C. (2014). Hearing voices. In Where does it hurt? The new world of the medical humanities. Holden, John, Kieffer, John, Newbigin, John & Wright, Shelagh London: Wellcome Trust. 84-85.
- Fernyhough, C. (2013). Inner speech. In Encyclopaedia of the Mind. Pashler, H. Sage.
- Fernyhough, C. & McCarthy-Jones, S. R. (2013). Thinking aloud about mental voices. In Hallucination. Macpherson, F. & Platchias, D. MIT Press. 87-104.
- Fernyhough, C. (2009). Dialogic thinking. In Private speech, executive functioning, and the development of verbal self-regulation. Winsler, A., Fernyhough, C. & Montero, I. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Pawlby, S. & Fernyhough, C. (2009). Enhancing the relationship between mothers with severe mental illness and their infants. In Keeping the baby in mind: Prevention in practice. Barlow, J. & Svanberg, P. O. London: Routledge.
- Fernyhough, C. & Meins, E. (2009). Private speech and theory of mind: Evidence for developing interfunctional relations. In Private speech, executive functioning, and the development of verbal self-regulation. Winsler, A., Fernyhough, C. & Montero, I. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Fernyhough, C. (2009). Voices of the mind. In Thinking about almost everything: New ideas to light up minds. Amin, A. & O'Neill, M. London: Profile Books.
- Fernyhough, C. (2009). Vygotsky, Luria, and the social brain. In Self- and social-regulation: Exploring the relations between social interaction, social cognition, and the development of executive functions. Carpendale, J., Iarocci, G., Mueller, U., Sokol, B. & Young, A. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Fernyhough, C. (2006). Private speech, executive functioning and theory of mind: A Vygotskian-Lurian synthesis. In Current research trends in private speech: Proceedings of the First International Symposium on self-regulatory functions of language. Montero, I. Madrid: University Press of Universidad Autónoma of Madrid.
- Fernyhough, C. (1997). Vygotsky’s sociocultural approach: Theoretical issues and implications for current research. In The development of social cognition. Hala, S. London: Psychology Press.
- Winsler, A., Fernyhough, C. & Montero, I. (2009). Private speech, executive functioning, and the development of verbal self-regulation. New York: Cambridge University Press.
- Lloyd, P. & Fernyhough, C. (1999). Lev Vygotsky: Critical assessments. London: Routledge.
- Fernyhough, C. & Waters, F. (2014). Special Supplement Introduction: Hallucinations. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 40 (Supp 4): Oxford University Press.
- Alderson-Day, B. & Fernyhough, C. (2016). Auditory verbal hallucinations: Social, but how?. Journal of Consciousness Studies 23(7-8): 163-194.
- Centifanti, L.C.M., Meins, E. & Fernyhough, C. (2016). Callous-Unemotional Traits and Impulsivity: Distinct Longitudinal Relations With Mind-Mindedness and Understanding of Others. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry 57(1): 84-92.
- Alderson-Day, B., Weis, S., McCarthy-Jones, S., Moseley, P., Smailes, D. & Fernyhough, C. (2016). The brain’s conversation with itself: neural substrates of dialogic inner speech. Social Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience 11(1): 110-120.
- Pearson, R. M., Heron, J., Button, K., Bentall, R., Fernyhough, C., Mahedy, L., Bowes, L. & Lewis, G. (2015). Cognitive styles and future depressed mood in early adulthood: The importance of global attributions. Journal of Affective Disorders 171: 60-67.
- Woods, A., Jones, N., Alderson-Day, B., Callard, F. & Fernyhough, C. (2015). Experiences of hearing voices: analysis of a novel phenomenological survey. The Lancet Psychiatry 2(4): 323-331.
- Alderson-Day, B., McCarthy-Jones, S. & Fernyhough, C. (2015). Hearing voices in the resting brain: A review of intrinsic functional connectivity research on auditory verbal hallucinations. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 55: 78-87.
- Firth, L., Alderson-Day, B., Woods, N. & Fernyhough, C. (2015). Imaginary companions in childhood: Relations to imagination skills and autobiographical memory in adults. Creativity Research Journal 27(4): 308-313.
- Alderson-Day, B. & Fernyhough, C. (2015). Inner speech: Development, cognitive functions, phenomenology, and neurobiology. Psychological Bulletin 141(5): 931-965.
- Garrison, J., Fernyhough, C., McCarthy-Jones, S., Haggard, M., The Australian Schizophrenia Research Bank & Simons, J. S. (2015). Paracingulate sulcus morphology is associated with hallucinations in the human brain. Nature Communications 6: 8956.
- Alderson-Day, B. & Fernyhough, C. (2015). Relations among questionnaire and experience sampling measures of inner speech: a smartphone app study. Frontiers in Psychology 6: 517.
- Bowes, L., Carnegie, R., Pearson, R., Mars, B., Biddle, L., Maughan, B., Lewis, G., Fernyhough, C. & Heron, J. (2015). Risk of depression and self-harm in teenagers identifying with goth subculture: a longitudinal cohort study. Lancet Psychiatry 2(9): 793-800.
- Smailes, D., Alderson-Day, B., Fernyhough, C., McCarthy-Jones, S. & Dodgson, G. (2015). Tailoring cognitive behavioural therapy to subtypes of voice-hearing. Frontiers in Psychology: Psychopathology 6: 1933.
- Hurlburt, R. T., Alderson-Day, B., Fernyhough, C. & Kühn, S. (2015). What goes on in the resting state? A qualitative glimpse into resting-state experience in the scanner. Frontiers in Psychology: Cognitive Science 6: 1535.
- Johns, L. C., Kompus, K., Connell, M., Humpston, C., Lincoln, T. M., Longden, E., Preti, A., Alderson-Day, B., Badcock, J. C., Cella, M., Fernyhough, C., McCarthy-Jones, S., Peters, E., Raballo, A., Scott, J., Siddi, S., Sommer, I. & Larøi, F. (2014). Auditory verbal hallucinations in persons with and without a need for care. Schizophrenia Bulletin 40(Suppl 4): S255-S264.
- Davis, P. , Meins, E. & Fernyhough, C. (2014). Children with imaginary companions focus on mental characteristics when describing their real-life friends. Infant and Child Development 23(6): 622-633.
- Larøi, F., Luhrmann, T. M., Bell, V., Christian, W. A., Deshpande, S., Fernyhough, C., Jenkins, J. & Woods, A. (2014). Culture and Hallucinations: Overview and Future Directions. Schizophrenia Bulletin 40(Suppl 4): S213-S220.
- Jardri, R., Bartels-Velthuis, A., Debbané, M., Jenner, J., Kelleher, I., Dauvillier, Y., Plazzi, G., Demeulemeester, M., David, C., Rapoport, J., Dobbelaere, D., Escher, S. & Fernyhough, C. (2014). From phenomenology to a neurophysiological understanding of hallucinations in children and adolescents. Schizophrenia Bulletin 40(Suppl 4): S221-S232.
- Kühn, S., Fernyhough, C., Alderson-Day, B. & Hurlburt, R. T. (2014). Inner experience in the scanner: Can high fidelity apprehensions of inner experience be integrated with fMRI?. Frontiers in Psychology 5: 1393.
- Meins, E., Fernyhough, C. & Harris-Waller, J. (2014). Is mind-mindedness trait-like or a quality of close relationships? Evidence from descriptions of significant others, famous people, and works of art. Cognition 130(3): 417-427.
- Alderson-Day, B. & Fernyhough, C. (2014). More than one voice: Investigating the phenomenological properties of inner speech requires a variety of methods. Commentary on Hurlburt, Heavey and Kelsey (2013), Toward a phenomenology of inner speaking. Consciousness and Cognition 24: 113-114.
- Alderson-Day, B. , McCarthy-Jones, S., Bedford, S., Collins, H., Dunne, H., Rooke, C. & Fernyhough, C. (2014). Shot through with voices: Dissociation mediates the relationship between varieties of inner speech and auditory hallucination proneness. Consciousness and Cognition 27: 288-296.
- Smailes, D., Meins, E. & Fernyhough, C. (2014). The impact of negative affect on reality discrimination. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry 45(3): 389-395.
- Pearson, R., Fernyhough, C., Bentall, R. P., Evans, J., Heron, J., Joinson, C., Stein, A. & Lewis, G. (2013). Association Between Maternal Depressogenic Cognitive Style During Pregnancy and Offspring Cognitive Style 18 Years Later. American Journal of Psychiatry 170(4): 434-441.
- Sullivan, S. Bentall, R. P., Fernyhough, C., Pearson, R. M. & Zammit, S. (2013). Cognitive styles and psychotic experiences in a community sample. PLoS ONE 8(11): e80055.
- Davis, P., Meins, E. & Fernyhough, C. (2013). Individual differences in children’s private speech: The role of imaginary companions. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 116(3): 561-571.
- Meins, L., Centifanti, L.C.M., Fernyhough, C. & Fishburn S. (2013). Maternal mind-mindedness and children’s behavioral difficulties: Mitigating the impact of low socioeconomic status. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 41(4): 543-553.
- Meins, E., Fernyhough, C., Arnott, B., Leekam, S. & de Rosnay, M. (2013). Mind-Mindedness and Theory of Mind: Mediating Roles of Language and Perspectival Symbolic Play. Child Development 84(5): 1777-1790.
- McCarthy-Jones, S., Krueger, J., Larøi, F., Broome, M. & Fernyhough, C. (2013). Stop, look, listen: The need for philosophical phenomenological perspectives on auditory verbal hallucinations. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7: 127.
- Meins, E., McCarthy-Jones, S., Fernyhough, C., Lewis, G., Bentall, R. P. & Alloy, L. B. (2012). Assessing negative cognitive style: Development and validation of a short-form version of the Cognitive Style Questionnaire. Personality and Individual Differences 52(5): 581-585.
- Waters, F., Allen, P., Aleman, A. Fernyhough, C., Woodward, T., Badcock, J. C., Barkus, E., Johns, L. Varese, F., Menon, M., Vercammen, A. & Larøi, F. (2012). Auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia and nonschizophrenia populations: A review and integrated model of cognitive mechanisms. Schizophrenia Bulletin 38(4): 683-693.
- Alba-Ferrara, L., Fernyhough, C., Weis, S., Mitchell, R. L. C. & Hausmann, M. (2012). Contributions of emotional prosody comprehension deficits to the formation of auditory verbal hallucinations in schizophrenia. Clinical Psychology Review 32(4): 244-250.
- Meins, E., Fernyhough, C., de Rosnay, M., Arnott, B., Leekam, S. R. & Turner, M. (2012). Mind-mindedness as a multidimensional construct: Appropriate and nonattuned mind-related comments independently predict infant–mother attachment in a socially diverse sample. Infancy 17(4): 393-415.
- Al-Namlah, A. S., Meins, E. & Fernyhough, C. (2012). Self-regulatory private speech relates to children's recall and organization of autobiographical memories. Early Childhood Research Quarterly 27(3): 441-446.
- Larøi, F., Sommer, I. E., Blom, J.-D., Fernyhough, C., ffytche, D. H., Hugdahl, K., Johns, L. C., McCarthy-Jones, S. R., Preti, A., Raballo, A., Slotema, C. W., Stephane, M. & Waters, F. (2012). The phenomenological features of auditory verbal hallucinations in schizophrenia and across clinical disorders: A state-of-the-art overview and critical evaluation. Schizophrenia Bulletin 38(4): 724-733.
- Lidstone, J. S. M., Meins, E. & Fernyhough, C. (2012). Verbal mediation of cognition in children with Specific Language Impairment. Development and Psychopathology 24(2): 651-660
- Fernyhough, C. (2011). Even ‘internalist’ minds are social. Style
- Lidstone, J., Meins, E. & Fernyhough, C. (2011). Individual differences in children's private speech: Consistency across tasks, timepoints, and contexts. Cognitive Development 26(3): 203.
- Meins, E., Fernyhough, C., Arnott, B., Vittorini, L., Turner, M., Leekam, S. R. & Parkinson, K. (2011). Individual differences in infants' joint attention behaviors with mother and a new social partner. Infancy 16(6): 587-610.
- Meins, E., Fernyhough, C., Arnott, B., Turner, M. & Leekam, S.R. (2011). Mother- versus infant-centered correlates of maternal mind-mindedness in the first year of life. Infancy 16(2): 137-165.
- Davis, P., Meins, E. & Fernyhough, C. (2011). Self-knowledge in childhood: Relations with children’s imaginary companions and understanding of mind. British Journal of Developmental Psychology 29(3): 680-686.
- McCarthy-Jones, S. R. & Fernyhough, C. (2011). The varieties of inner speech: Links between quality of inner speech and psychopathological variables in a sample of young adults. Consciousness and Cognition 20(4): 1586–1593.
- McCarthy-Jones, S., Barnes, L. J., Hill, G. E., Marwood, L., Moseley, P. & Fernyhough, C. (2011). When words and pictures come alive: Relating the modality of intrusive thoughts to modalities of hypnagogic/hypnopompic hallucinations. Personality and Individual Differences 51(6): 787-790.
- Jones, S. R., Fernyhough, C. & Larøi, F. (2010). A phenomenological survey of auditory verbal hallucinations in the hypnagogic and hypnopompic states. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 9(2): 213-224.
- Pawlby, S., Fernyhough, C., Meins, E., Pariante, C. M., Seneviratne, G. & Bentall, R. P. (2010). Mind-mindedness and maternal responsiveness in infant–mother interactions in mothers with severe mental illness. Psychological Medicine 40(11): 1861-1869
- Arnott, B., McConachie, H., Meins, E., Fernyhough, C., Le Couteur, A., Turner, M. Parkinson, K. Vittorini, L. & Leekam, S. (2010). The frequency of restricted and repetitive behaviours in a community sample of 15 month-old infants. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics 31(3): 223-229.
- Lidstone, J. S. M., Meins, E. & Fernyhough, C. (2010). The roles of private speech and inner speech in planning during middle childhood: Evidence from a dual task paradigm. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 107(4): 438-451
- Lidstone, J. S. M., Fernyhough, C., Meins, E. & Whitehouse, A. J. O. (2009). Brief report: Inner speech impairment in children with autism is associated with greater nonverbal than verbal skills. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 39: 1222-1225.
- Laing, S. V., Fernyhough, C., Turner, M. & Freeston, M. H. (2009). Fear, worry, and ritualistic behavior in childhood: Developmental trends and interrelations. Infant and Child Development 18(4): 351-366.
- Jones, S. R., Fernyhough, C. & Meads, D. (2009). In a dark time: Development, validation, and correlates of the Durham Hypnagogic and Hypnopompic Hallucinations Questionnaire. Personality and Individual Differences 46(1): 30-34.
- Jones, S. R. & Fernyhough, C. (2009). Rumination, reflection, intrusive thoughts, and hallucination proneness: Towards a new model. Behaviour Research and Therapy 47(1): 54-59.
- Langdon, R., Jones, S. R., Connaughton, E. & Fernyhough, C. (2009). The phenomenology of inner speech: Comparison of schizophrenia patients with auditory verbal hallucinations and healthy controls. Psychological Medicine 39(4): 655-663.
- Fernyhough, C. (2009). What can we say about the inner experience of the young child? (Commentary on Carruthers). Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32: 143-144.
- Corriveau, K., Harris, P.L., Meins, E., Fernyhough, C., Arnott, B., Elliott, L., Liddle, B., Hearn, A., Vittorini, L. & De Rosnay, M. (2009). Young children’s trust in their mothers’ claims: Longitudinal links with attachment security in infancy. Child Development 80(3): 750-761.
- Jones, S. R., Fernyhough, C., de-Wit, L. & Meins, E. (2008). A message in the medium? Assessing the reliability of psychopathology e-questionnaires. Personality and Individual Differences 44(2): 349-359.
- Jones, S. R. , de-Wit, L., Fernyhough, C. & Meins, E. (2008). A new spin on the Wheel of Fortune: Priming of action-authorship judgements and relation to psychosis-like experiences. Consciousness and Cognition 17(3): 576-586.
- Meins, E., Jones, S. R., Fernyhough, C., Hurndall, S. & Koronis, P. (2008). Attachment dimensions and schizotypy in a non-clinical sample. Personality and Individual Differences 44(4): 1000-1011.
- Bentall, R. P. & Fernyhough, C. (2008). Social predictors of psychotic experiences: Specificity and psychological mechanisms. Schizophrenia Bulletin 34(6): 1012-1020.
- Fernyhough, C., Jones, S. R., Whittle, C., Waterhouse, J. & Bentall, R. P. (2008). Theory of mind, schizotypy, and persecutory ideation in young adults. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry 13(3): 233-249.
- Jones, S. R. & Fernyhough, C. (2008). Thought suppression and persecutory delusion-like beliefs in a non-clinical sample. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry 13(4): 281-295.
- Jones, S. R. & Fernyhough, C. (2007). A new look at the neural diathesis-stress model of schizophrenia: The primacy of social-evaluative and uncontrollable situations. Schizophrenia Bulletin 33(5): 1171-1177.
- Jones, S. R. & Fernyhough, C. (2007). Neural correlates of inner speech and auditory verbal hallucinations: A critical review and theoretical integration. Clinical Psychology Review 27(2): 140-154.
- Meins, E. & Fernyhough, C. (2007). Preschoolers’ understanding of multiple orientations to reality: The Adjectives task. Cognitive Development 22(2): 289-297.
- Bentall, R. P., Fernyhough, C., Morrison, A. P., Lewis, S. W. & Corcoran, R. (2007). Prospects for a cognitive-developmental account of psychotic experiences. British Journal of Clinical Psychology 46(2): 155-173.
- Jones, S.R. & Fernyhough, C. (2007). Reliability of factorial structure of the Peters et al. delusions inventory (PDI-21). Personality and individual differences 43(4): 647-656.
- Jones, S. R. & Fernyhough, C. (2007). Talking back to the spirits: The voices and visions of Emanuel Swedenborg. History of the Human Sciences 21: 1-31.
- Jones, S. R. & Fernyhough, C. (2007). Thought as action: Inner speech, self-monitoring, and auditory verbal hallucinations. Consciousness and Cognition 16(2): 391-399.
- Meins, E., Fernyhough, C., Johnson, F. & Lidstone, J. (2006). Mind-mindedness in children: Individual differences in internal-state talk in middle childhood. British Journal of Developmental Psychology 24(1): 181-196.
- Al-Namlah, A. S., Fernyhough, C. & Meins, E. (2006). Sociocultural influences on the development of verbal mediation: Private speech and phonological recoding in Saudi Arabian and British samples. Developmental Psychology 42(1): 117-131.
- Fernyhough, C & Fradley, E (2005). Private speech on an executive task: Relations with task difficulty and task performance. Cognitive Development 20(1): 103-120.
- Fernyhough, C (2005). What is internalised? Dialogic cognitive representations and the mediated mind (Commentary on Tomasello et al.). Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28: 698-699.
- Fernyhough, C (2004). Alien voices and inner dialogue: Towards a developmental account of auditory verbal hallucinations. New Ideas in Psychology 22: 49-68.
- Fernyhough, C. (2004). More than a context for learning? The epistemic triangle and the dialogic mind (Commentary on Carpendale & Lewis). Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27: 104-105.
- Meins, E., Fernyhough, C., Wainwright, R., Clark-Carter, D., Das Gupta, M., Fradley, E. & Tuckey, M. (2003). Pathways to understanding mind: Construct validity and predictive validity of maternal mind-mindedness. Child Development 74(4): 1194-1211.
- Meins, E., Fernyhough, C., Wainwright, R., Das Gupta, M., Fradley, E. & Tuckey, M. (2002). Maternal mind-mindedness and attachment security as predictors of theory of mind understanding. Child Development 73(6): 1715-1726.
- Meins, E., Fernyhough, C., Fradley, E. & Tuckey, M. (2001). Rethinking maternal sensitivity: Mothers' comments on infants' mental processes predict security of attachment at 12 months. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 42(5): 637-648.
- Meins, E. & Fernyhough, C. (1999). Linguistic acquisitional style and mentalising development: The role of maternal mind-mindedness. Cognitive Development 14: 363-380.
- Meins, E., Fernyhough, C., Russell, J. & Clark-Carter, D. (1998). Security of attachment as a predictor of symbolic and mentalising abilities: A longitudinal study. Social Development 7: 1-24.
- Fernyhough, C. & Russell, J. (1997). Distinguishing one's own voice from those of others: A function of private speech? International Journal of Behavioral Development 20: 651-665.
- Fernyhough, C. (1996). The dialogic mind: A dialogic approach to the higher mental functions. New Ideas in Psychology 14: 47-62.
- Robbins T W, Anderson E J, Barker D R, Bradley A C, Fernyhough C, Henson R, Hudson SR & Baddeley A (1996). Working memory in chess. Memory and Cognition 24: 83-93.
- Information on my fiction and non-fiction writing
- My blog on memory, Pieces of Light
- My essay-writing blog, Essay Heaven
- My psychology homepage
- My Psychology Today blog, The Child in Time
- 2014: The Hubbub Hub at Wellcome Collection (£491563.00 from Wellcome Trust)
- 2014: The Hubbub Hub at Wellcome Collection (£59394.00 from Wellcome Trust)
- 2012: Hearing the Voice, Wellcome Trust Strategic Award (grant number WT098455MA), £1,000,708
- 2008: ‘Depression at 17: ALSPAC.’ £648,184, Wellcome Project Grant (grant number WT084268MA)
- 2008: ‘The development of repetitive behaviours in young children.’ £78,300, ESRC-funded (grant number RES-000-22-2771)
- 2005: ‘Internal working models and young children’s social-emotional development.’ £332,365, ESRC-funded (grant number RES-000-23-1073)
- 2003: Infant-mother interaction in a sample of mothers with psychosis, ESRC, £41,999 (grant number RES-000-22-0395)