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Durham University

Department of Physics

Staff profile

Publication details for Professor Tom Lancaster

Lancaster, T., Blundell, S.J., Brooks, M.L., Baker, P.J., Pratt, F.L., Manson, J.L., Conner, M.M., Xiao, F., Landee, C.P., Chaves, F.A., Soriano, S., Novak, M.A., Papageorgiou, T.P., Bianchi, A.D., Herrmannsdoerfer, T., Wosnitza, J. & Schlueter, J.A. (2007). Magnetic order in the S=1/2 two-dimensional molecular antiferromagnet copper pyrazine perchlorate Cu(Pz)(2)(ClO(4)(2). Physics review B 75(9): 094421.

Author(s) from Durham


We present an investigation of magnetic ordering in the two-dimensional S=1∕2 quantum magnet Cu(Pz)2(ClO4)2 using specific heat and zero-field muon-spin relaxation (μ+SR). The magnetic contribution to the specific heat is consistent with an exchange strength of 17.7(3)K. We find unambiguous evidence for a transition to a state of three-dimensional long-range order below a critical temperature TN=4.21(1)K using μ+SR even though there is no feature in the specific heat at that temperature. The absence of a specific heat anomaly at TN is consistent with recent theoretical predictions. The ratio of TN∕J=0.24 corresponds to a ratio of intralayer to interlayer exchange constants of ∣∣J′/J∣=6.8×10−4, indicative of excellent two-dimensional isolation. The scaled magnetic specific heat of [Cu(Pz)2(HF2)]BF4, a compound with an analogous structure, is very similar to that of Cu(Pz)2(ClO4)2 although both differ slightly from the predicted value for an ideal 2D S=1∕2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet.