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Durham University

Department of Physics

Staff profile

Publication details for Dr Nigel Metcalfe

Lin, Y.-F., Yu, P.-C., Huang, J.-C., Hwang, C.-Y., Chen, W.-P., Kaiser, N., Metcalfe, N. & Waters, C. (2017). Investigating merging galaxies by using Pan-STARRS images. Astronomy & Astrophysics 600: A28.

Author(s) from Durham


Aims. We studied the r′-, z′-, and y′-band images of merging galaxies from the observations of the Panoramic Survey Telescope & Rapid Response System (Pan-STARRS). The merging galaxies were selected from our merging catalog that was created by checking the images of the Red-Sequence Cluster Survey 2 from the observations of the Canada France Hawaii Telescope.
Methods. By using the homomorphic-aperture, we determined the photometric results of these merging systems. To obtain accurate photometry, we calibrated the Pan-STARRS r′-, z′-, and y′-band data to match the results of Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 9. We also investigated the stellar masses of the merging galaxies by comparing the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer 3.4 μm emission with the calibrated y′-band data.
Results. We present a catalog of the r′-, z′-, and y′-band photometric results for 4698 merging galaxies. For extended sources, our results suggest that the homomorphic-aperture method can obtain more reasonable results than the Desktop Virtual Observatory photometry. We derived new relations between the Pan-STARRS y′-band luminosities and the stellar masses of the merging galaxies. Our results show that the stellar masses of the merging galaxies range from 108 to 1013M⊙; some of the dry mergers could be as massive as 1013M⊙.