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Durham University

Department of Physics

Staff profile

Publication details for Professor Ian Smail

Coppin, K.E.K., Geach, J.E., Smail, I. Dunne, L. Edge, A.C., Ivison, R.J. Maddox, S. Auld, R. Baes, M. Buttiglione, S. Cava, A. Clements, D.L. Cooray, A. Dariush, A. de Zotti, G. Dye, S. Eales, S. Fritz, J. Hopwood, R. Ibar, E. Jarvis, M. Michałowski, M.J. Murphy, D.N.A. Negrello, M. Pascale, E. Pohlen, M. Rigby, E. Rodighiero, G. Scott, D. Serjeant, S. Smith, D.J.B. Temi, P. & van der Werf, P. (2011). Herschel-Astrophysical Terahertz Large Area Survey: detection of a far-infrared population around galaxy clusters. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 416(1): 680-688.

Author(s) from Durham


We report the detection of a significant excess in the surface density of far-infrared sources from the Herschel-Astrophysical Terahertz Large Area Survey within ∼1 Mpc of the centres of 66 optically selected clusters of galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey with 〈z〉∼ 0.25. From the analysis of the multiwavelength properties of their counterparts we conclude that the far-infrared emission is associated with dust-obscured star formation and/or active galactic nuclei (AGN) within galaxies in the clusters themselves. The excess reaches a maximum at a radius of ∼0.8 Mpc, where we find 1.0 ± 0.3 S250 > 34 mJy sources on average per cluster above what would be expected for random field locations. If the far-infrared emission is dominated by star formation (as opposed to AGN) then this corresponds to an average star formation rate of ∼7 M⊙ yr−1 per cluster in sources with LIR > 5 × 1010 L⊙. Although lensed sources make a negligible contribution to the excess signal, a fraction of the sources around the clusters could be gravitationally lensed, and we have identified a sample of potential cases of cluster-lensed Herschel sources that could be targeted in follow-up studies.