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Department of Physics

Staff profile

Publication details for Dr John Lucey

Rawle, Tim D., Lucey, John R., Smith, Russell. J. & Head, J.T.C.G. (2013). S0 galaxies in the Coma cluster environmental dependence of the S0 offset from the Tully-Fisher relation. Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 433(3): 2667-2692

Author(s) from Durham

Abstract

We present deep Gemini Multi-Object Spectrograph long-slit spectroscopy of 15 Coma cluster S0 galaxies, and extract kinematic properties along the major axis to several times the disc scalelength. Supplementing our data set with previously published data, we create a combined sample of 29 Coma S0s, as well as a comparison sample of 38 Coma spirals. Using photometry from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and Two Micron All Sky Survey, we construct the Tully–Fisher relation (TFR; luminosity versus maximum rotational velocity) for S0 galaxies. At fixed rotational velocity, the Coma S0 galaxies are on average fainter than Coma spirals by 1.10 ± 0.18, 0.86 ± 0.19 and 0.83 ± 0.19 mag in the g, i and Ks bands, respectively. The typical S0 offsets remain unchanged when calculated relative to large field-galaxy spiral samples. The observed offsets are consistent with a simple star formation model in which S0s are identical to spirals until abrupt quenching occurs at some intermediate redshift. The offsets form a continuous distribution tracing the time since the cessation of star formation, and exhibit a strong correlation (>6σ) with residuals from the optical colour–magnitude relation. Typically, S0s which are fainter than average for their rotational velocity are also redder than average for their luminosity. The S0 TFR offset is also correlated with both the projected cluster-centric radius and the Σ (projected) local density parameter. Since current local environment is correlated with time of accretion into the cluster, our results support a scenario in which transformation of spirals to S0s is triggered by cluster infall.