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Durham University

Department of Physics

Staff profile

Publication details for Prof Richard Bower

Barnes, L. A., Elahi, P. J., Salcido, J., Bower, R. G., Lewis, G. F., Theuns, T., Schaller, M., Crain, R. A. & Schaye, J. (2018). Galaxy Formation Efficiency and the Multiverse Explanation of the Cosmological Constant with EAGLE Simulations. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 477(3): 3727-3743.

Author(s) from Durham


Models of the very early Universe, including inflationary models, are argued to produce varying universe domains with different values of fundamental constants and cosmic parameters. Using the cosmological hydrodynamical simulation code from the EAGLE collaboration, we investigate the effect of the cosmological constant on the formation of galaxies and stars. We simulate universes with values of the cosmological constant ranging from Λ = 0 to Λ0 × 300, where Λ0 is the value of the cosmological constant in our Universe. Because the global star formation rate in our Universe peaks at t = 3.5 Gyr, before the onset of accelerating expansion, increases in Λ of even an order of magnitude have only a small effect on the star formation history and efficiency of the universe. We use our simulations to predict the observed value of the cosmological constant, given a measure of the multiverse. Whether the cosmological constant is successfully predicted depends crucially on the measure. The impact of the cosmological constant on the formation of structure in the universe does not seem to be a sharp enough function of Λ to explain its observed value alone.