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Durham University

Department of Physics

Staff profile

Publication details for Ruth Gregory

Davis, Anne-Christine, Gregory, Ruth, Jha, Rahul & Muir, Jessica (2014). Astrophysical black holes in screened modified gravity. Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics 2014(08): 033.

Author(s) from Durham


Chameleon, environmentally dependent dilaton, and symmetron gravity are three models of modified gravity in which the effects of the additional scalar degree of freedom are screened in dense environments. They have been extensively studied in laboratory, cosmological, and astrophysical contexts. In this paper, we present a preliminary investigation into whether additional constraints can be provided by studying these scalar fields around black holes. By looking at the properties of a static, spherically symmetric black hole, we find that the presence of a non-uniform matter distribution induces a non-constant scalar profile in chameleon and dilaton, but not necessarily symmetron gravity. An order of magnitude estimate shows that the effects of these profiles on in-falling test particles will be sub-leading compared to gravitational waves and hence observationally challenging to detect.