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Durham University

Department of Physics

Staff profile

Publication details for Associate Professor Fernando Dias

Jankus, Vygintas, Chiang, Chien-Jung, Dias, Fernando & Monkman, Andrew P. (2013). Deep Blue Exciplex Organic Light-Emitting Diodes with Enhanced Efficiency; P-type or E-type Triplet Conversion to Singlet Excitons? Advanced Materials 25(10): 1455-1459.

Author(s) from Durham


Simple trilayer, deep blue, fluorescent exciplex organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) are reported. These OLEDs emit from an exciplex state formed between the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) of N,N′-bis(1-naphthyl)N,N′-diphenyl-1,1′-biphenyl-4,4′-diamine (NPB) and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) of 1,3,5-tri(1-phenyl-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)phenyl (TPBi) and the NPB singlet manifold, yielding 2.7% external quantum efficiency at 450 nm. It is shown that the majority of the delayed emission in electroluminescence arises from P-type triplet fusion at NPB sites not E-type reverse intersystem crossing because of the presence of the NPB triplet state acting as a deep trap.