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Durham University

Department of Physics

Staff profile

Publication details for Professor Stewart Clark

Gillen, R., Robertson, J. & Clark, S. J. (2012). Electron spin resonance signature of the oxygen vacancy in HfO2. Applied Physics Letters 101(10): 102904.

Author(s) from Durham


The oxygen vacancy has been inferred to be the critical defect in HfO2, responsible for charge trapping, gate threshold voltage instability, and Fermi level pinning for high work function gates, but it has never been conclusively identified. Here, the electron spin resonance g tensor parameters of the oxygen vacancy are calculated, using methods that do not over-estimate the delocalization of the defect wave function, to be gxx = 1.918, gyy = 1.926, gzz = 1.944, and are consistent with an observed spectrum. The defect undergoes a symmetry lowering polaron distortion to be localized mainly on a single adjacent Hf ion.