Staff in the Department of Russian
Professor Andy Byford, MA, DPhil
Science of the Child in Late Imperial and Early Soviet Russia (1881-1936)
The project investigates how children became objects of scientific study, professional expertise and public interest in modern societies, focusing on Russia as a key example. It explores the historical contingencies of the rise and fall of a multiprofessional/crossdisciplinary movement that claimed child development and socialisation as a territory of specialist investigation, including: developmental and educational psychology; child psychiatry and special education; hygiene and pediatrics; juvenile criminology and the social anthropology of childhood. The project is envisaged as a case study in the social history of the human sciences and professions in the distinctive context of late 19th- and early 20th-century Russia, a period of rapid modernization, socio-political restructuring, and cataclysmic revolutionary upheaval. Further details see the project website.
An Ontology of Animal Minds: A Cultural History of Russian ‘Zoopsychology’ (1890s-1990s)
The project focuses on the history of Russian research in comparative psychology, ethology, animal neuroscience and behavioural ecology. It looks at the work of figures such as V.A. Vagner (1849-1934), Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936), N.N. Ladygina-Kots (1889-1963), Vladimir Durov (1863-1934) and many others. The project focuses on different ways in which Russian scientists constructed animal mentality, a phenomenon that they ambivalently both troubled over and assumed, denied and kept returning to, skirted around and yet could not do without. As part of this project Dr Byford co-organised an interdisciplinary symposium on the Evidence of Animal Minds, under the auspieces of Durham's Institute of Advanced Study. Further details on this event are available on the symposium webpages.
Open World Research Initiative (OWRI)
Andy Byford is Co-I on a large multi-institutional and interdisciplinary programme of research, Cross-Language Dynamics: Reshaping Community, led by Professor Stephen Hutchings (University of Manchester) and funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council, as part of its Open World Research Initiative. Together with Professor Anoush Ehteshami (SGIA), he is responsible for the Transnational Strand of the project, which investigates political, social and cultural interactions across communities sharing a single language, but dispersed across multiple states and cultures, with emphasis on Russian, Arabic, Chinese, and Spanish. For more detail see the Durham-based project website.
I welcome enquiries from those wishing to pursue a Masters by Research (MAR) and/or a PhD on topics related to the social and cultural history of the intelligentsia, professions, sciences and education in 19th- and 20th-century Russia. At present I would especially encourage proposals on topics relating to human-animal relations in Russia.
I am currently main supervisor of a PhD on the history of industrial sociology in the late Soviet Union (carried out by Sheila Pattle) and co-supervisor on a SGIA-based PhD on the Islamic State’s use of language, narrative and media (carried out by Juline Beaujouan).
I have recently supervised to successful completion the PhD by Polina Kliuchnikova on the anthropology of language among Russian-speaking migrants in the UK, and the MAR by Sheila Pattle on the history of domestic tourism in the USSR during the period of late socialism.
- History of the biological, human and social sciences in Russia
- History of the Russian intelligentsia, professions and education
- History of humanities scholarship in Russia
- Human-animal relations in Russia
- Russian migrancy and diaspora
- 2020 Science of the Child in Late Imperial and Early Soviet Russia, Oxford University Press, under contract pp.
- 2007 Literary Scholarship in Late Imperial Russia: Rituals of Academic Institutionalization, Legenda, 200 pp.
Chapter in book
- 2014 'Pamiat' o "repressirovannykh naukakh" v istorii Rossii: Sluchai pedologii', in Lobacheva, G. V. (ed.), Istoricheskaia pamiat’ Rossii proshloe i nastoiashchee materialy Mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferentsii, 11-13 aprelia 2014 goda, Saratovskii gosudarstvennyi tekhnicheskii universitet, pp. 16-29
- 2014 'Performing ‘Community’ Russian Speakers in Contemporary Britain', in Cairns, Lucille & Fouz-Hernández, Santiago (eds.), Rethinking Identities: Cultural Articulations of Alterity and Resistance in the New Millennium, Peter Lang, pp. 115-139
- 2014 (co-authored with Obukhov, Aleksei S.) 'Razvitie psikhologo-pedagogicheskikh nauk', in Obukhov, A. S., Fedoseeva, A. M. & Byford, A. (eds.), Vvedenie v profesiiu: Psikholog obrazovaniia: uchebnik dlia akademicheskogo bakalavriata, Iurait, pp. 23-190
- 2009 '"The Last Soviet Generation" in Britain', in Fernandez, Jane. (ed.), Diasporas: Critical and Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Inter-Disciplinary Press, pp. 54-63
- 2019 (co-edited with Doak, Connor & Hutchings, Stephen) Transnational Russian Studies, Liverpool University Press, under contract pp.
- 2014 (co-edited with Obukhov, A. S. & Fedoseeva, A. M.) Vvedenie v profesiiu: Psikholog obrazovaniia: uchebnik dlia akademicheskogo bakalavriata, Iurait, 522 pp.
- 2013 (co-edited with Bullock, Philip Ross, Nun-Ingerflom, Claudio, Ohayon, Isabelle, Rubins, Maria & Winestein, Anna) Loyalties, Solidarities and Identities in Russian Society, History and Culture, UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies (SSEES), 228 pp.
- 2018 'Lechebnaia pedagogika: The Concept and Practice of Therapy in Russian Defectology, c. 1880–1936', Medical History 62, pp. 67-90
- 2017 'The Imperfect Child in Early Twentieth-Century Russia', History of Education 46, pp. 595-617
- 2016 'Imperial Normativities and the Sciences of the Child: The Politics of Development in the USSR, 1920s-1930s', Ab Imperio 2, pp. 71-124
- 2016 'Sozdavaia "modernost" = Doing "Modernity"', Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie 140, pp. 65-67
- 2016 'Trauma and Pathology: Normative Crises and the Child Population in Late Tsarist Russia and the Early Soviet Union, 1904-1924', Journal of the History of Childhood and Youth 9, pp. 450-469
- 2016 'V. M. Bekhterev in Russian Child Science, 1900s-1920s: “Objective Psychology” / “Reflexology” as a Scientific Movement', Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 52, pp. 99-123
- 2015 (co-authored with Mondry, Henrietta) 'Love, Service and Sacrifice: Narratives of Dogs and Children in the Soviet 1930s', Australian Slavonic and East European Studies Journal 29, pp. 63-89
- 2015 'Poniatiia subnormy i patologii v istorii rossiiskoi nauki o rebenke', Voprosy psikhologii 1, pp. 111-122
- 2014 'Razygryvaia «soobshchestvo» Russkoiazychnye migranty sovremennoi Britanii. = Performing "community": Russian-speaking migrants in contemporary Britain', Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie 127, pp. 377-395
- 2014 'The Mental Test as a Boundary Object in Early-20th-Century Russian Child Science', History of the Human Sciences 27, pp. 22-58
- 2013 'Parent Diaries and the Child Study Movement in Late Imperial and Early Soviet Russia', The Russian Review 72, pp. 212-241
- 2013 'Roditel', uchitel' i vrach: k istorii ikh vzaimootnoshenii v dele vospitaniia i obrazovaniia v dorevoliutsionnoi Rossii. = Parent, Teacher, Doctor: Towards a History of their Interactions in Matters of Upbringing and Education in Pre-revolutionary Russia', Novye rossiiskie gumanitarnye issledovaniia 8.
- 2013 'Zagrobnaia zhizn’ “nauki” pedologii: k voprosu o znachenii “nauchnykh dvizhenii” (i ikh istorii) dlia sovremennoi pedagogiki', Prepodavatel’ XXI vek 1, pp. 43-54
- 2012 'The Russian Diaspora in International Relations: “Compatriots” in Britain', Europe Asia Studies 64, pp. 715-735
- 2010 'Evraziia, prishedshaia v dvizhenie', Antropologicheskii forum 13, pp. 317-323
- 2009 '"Poslednee sovetskoe pokolenie" v Velikobritanii', Neprikosnovennyi zapas 64, pp. 96-116
- 2008 'Psychology at High School in Late Imperial Russia (1881-1917)', History of Education Quarterly 48, pp. 265-297
- 2008 'Turning Pedagogy into a Science: Teachers and Psychologists in Late Imperial Russia (1897-1917)', Osiris 23, pp. 50-81
- 2006 (co-authored with Jones, Polly) 'Policies and Practices of Transition in Soviet Education from the Revolution to the End of Stalinism', History of Education 35, 419-426.
- 2006 'Professional Cross-Dressing: Doctors in Education in Late Imperial Russia (1881-1917)', Russian Review 65, pp. 586-616
- 2005 'Initiation to Scholarship: The University Seminar in Late Imperial Russia', Russian Review 64, pp. 299-323
- 2005 'The Rhetoric of Aleksandr Veselovskii’s “Historical Poetics” and the Autonomy of Literary Studies in Late Imperial Russia', Slavonica 11, pp. 115-132
- 2004 'Between Literary Education and Academic Learning: The Study of Literature at Secondary School in Late Imperial Russia (1860s-1900s)', History of Education 33, pp. 637-660
- 2003 'S. A. Vengerov: The Identity of Literary Scholarship in Late Imperial Russia', Slavonic and East European Review 81, pp. 1-31
- 2003 'The Gogol Jubilee of 1909', Essays in Poetics 28, pp. 124-157
- 2003 'The Politics of Science and Literature in French and Russian Criticism of the 1860s', Symposium 56, pp. 210-230
- 2002 'The Figure of the “Spectator” in the Theoretical Writings of Brecht, Diderot, and Rousseau', Symposium 56, pp. 25-42
- 2000 'Art and Reality in Zamiatin’s Poetic Theory', Symposium 54, pp. 139-158
- 2013 'Cold War Entanglements of Social Science', Science as Culture 22, pp. 401-406
- 2006 (co-authored with Jones, Polly) Special Issue: Making Education Soviet, 1917-1953. History of Education, 35 (4-5).
Other (Digital/Visual Media)
- 2017 'Revolution and Science under the Bolsheviks', Culture Matters
- 2017 'What's Left? A Century in Revolution', Culture Matters
- 2012 'Russia', Oxford Bibliographies Online: Childhood Studies
- 2005 'Russian Literary Scholarship, 1830-1917', The Literary Encyclopaedia
- Cross-Language Dynamics: Reshaping Community (Transnational Strand)
- Evidence of Animal Minds
- Interprofessional and Interdisciplinary Relations in Russia
- Russian Child Science in International and Contemporary Context
- 2016: AHRC Open World Research Initative (AH/N004647/1; £943,929)
- 2016: Language and Identity in post-Soviet spaces (£400.00 from CRCEES)
- 2015: British Academy Mid-Career Fellowship (MD140022; £97,336)
- 2015: Durham IAS Activity Grant (CC290576; £1,980)
- 2015: Durham Seedcorn Award (CC290204; £3,785)
- 2012: AHRC Early Career Research Fellowship (AH/J00362X/1; £41,973)
- 2012: Durham Seedcorn Award (CC290164; £2,660)
- 2011: British Academy Small Research Grant (SG101445; £4,200)