Staff in the Department of Russian
Dr Siobhán Hearne
I am a historian of gender and sexuality in the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union. I currently hold a Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship in the Russian Department. Before coming to Durham, I completed a Leverhulme Study Abroad Fellowship at the University of Latvia in Riga. I was awarded my PhD from the University of Nottingham in 2017 and I have previously studied at the University of Liverpool and Swansea University.
My current project, entitled 'Moulding the Tsar’s Men: Military Masculinity and Corporeal Regulation in the Russian Empire' examines how Russian military and civil authorities, with input from medical experts, used corporeal regulation in their efforts to construct the ideal soldier and sailor, and how military personnel from different ethnic and religious backgrounds experienced such regulation. The project will focus on sexuality and sexual behaviour, disability, nutrition, and physical culture to explore the impact of the human and medical sciences upon military masculinities, situating the Russian case within wider international trends in light of modernisation, urbanisation, and scientific development at the turn of the twentieth century.
More broadly, in my research I use sexuality as a lens for interrogating the relationship between ordinary people and the Russian Imperial/Soviet state. My forthcoming monograph, Policing Prostitution: Regulating the Lower Classes in Late Imperial Russia, is a social history of prostitution in the final decades of the Russian Empire. Based on archival research conducted in Moscow, St Petersburg, Arkhangel’sk, Riga, Vilnius, Minsk, Kyiv and Tartu, this work examines how registered prostitutes, their clients, their managers and wider urban communities experienced and resisted the policing characteristic of the Russian system for the regulation of prostitution.
I am also one of the editors of Peripheral Histories, a collaborative digital history project exploring ‘peripheral’ spaces in the Russian Empire, Soviet Union, and post-Soviet world.
Chapter in book
- 2020 'Liberation and Authoritarianism in the Early Soviet Campaign to "Struggle with Prostitution"', in Douds, Lara, Harris, James & Whitewood, Peter (eds.), The Fate of the Bolshevik Revolution Illiberal Liberation, 1917-41, Bloomsbury, pp. 231-244
- 2019 'Prosecuting Procurement in the Russian Empire', Journal of Social History
- 2018 'To Denounce or Defend? Public Participation in the Policing of Prostitution in Late Imperial Russia', Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History 19, pp. 717-744
- 2017 'Sex on the Front: Prostitution and Venereal Disease in Russia’s First World War', Revolutionary Russia 30, pp. 102-122
- 2017 'The ‘black spot’ on the Crimea: venereal diseases in the Black Sea fleet in the 1920s', Social History 42, pp. 181-204