Staff in the Department of French
Professor Luke Sunderland
My research interests are in medieval French, Occitan and Franco-Italian literature. My current project focuses on vernacular encyclopaedias, looking at the visual and verbal constructions of knowledge in encyclopaedic manuscripts and at the ontologies they vehicled. I am thinking about these texts in terms of the connections they elaborate between diverse beings: angels, humans, animals, plants and stones. I consider how these ontological and epistemological systems are reconfigured as encyclopaedias were reshaped and reglossed in different mansucript versions. This work develops within the context of an international group of medievalists looking at translation, with a current focus on how the ideas of Bruno Latour about networks and forms might be used to examine medieval materials. I co-ordinate a research group on History of the Book, and would be keen to hear from colleagues Durham or elsewhere with interests in the study of the material and visual forms of texts and the histories of libraries, book collecting and reading. I have worked collaboratively on the culture of medieval libraries, with Emma Campbell (University of Warwick), Philippe Frieden (Universite de Lausanne), Miranda Griffin (University of Cambridge), Thomas Hinton (University of Exeter) and John O'Brien (Durham). The results can be seen in a special issue of French Studies.
Other current research interests include medieval practices and concepts of translation, textual geographies, cross-cultural traffic and hybrid languages, including the French of Italy. I have contributed a chapter on the multilingual literary culture of medieval Venice to a literary history of late medieval Europe. I am currently thinking about medieval cosmopolitanism, and trying to imagine how the economic-historical model of the medieval world-system might be reconfigured to take into account cultural artefacts and cross-cultural encounters.
My recent monograph on resistance against royal power in medieval culture pays particular attention to the chansons de geste about rebel barons, as well as chronicle and prose rewritings. I examine these works through lenses of medieval political theory and thought about vengeance, modern thought about the ethics of violence, anthropological work on feud and rebellion, and histories of sovereignty. I have previously published on cyclical narratives, with a focus on the relationship between ethics, morals and the figure of the hero in the Guillaume d'Orange cycle, the Lancelot and Tristan prose romances, and the Roman de Renart. I have also published commentary on the Occitan troubadours.
Before coming to Durham, I was a graduate student at King's College London, and then research fellow at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge. In 2014-15, I was a fellow at the Stanford Humanities Center, and in autumn 2015, I was a visiting scholar in the Department of Romance Studies at Cornell University.
I would be keen to hear from students interested in pursuing research in any area of medieval French and Occitan literature.
- Medieval Encyclopaedias
- The Visual Construction of Knowledge
- Medieval French Literature
- Medieval Occitan Literature
- Franco-Italian Literature
- Medieval Libraries
- Medieval Translation
- 2017 Rebel Barons: Resisting Royal Power in Medieval Culture, Oxford University Press.
- 2010 Old French Narrative Cycles: Heroism Between Ethics and Morality, D.S. Brewer, 224 pp.
Chapter in book
- 2016 'Venice', in Wallace, David (ed.), Europe: A Literary History 1348-1415, Oxford University Press, pp. 486-501
- 2013 'La Vengeance royale dans le Couronnement de Louis', in Hüe, Denis (ed.), Lectures du Couronnement de Louis, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, pp. 39-49
- 2012 'Bueve d'Hantone/Bovo d'Antona: Exile, Translation and the History of the Chanson de geste', in Campbell, Emma & Mills, Robert (eds.), Rethinking Medieval Translation: Ethics, Politics, Theory, D.S. Brewer, pp. 226-242
- 2012 'Chanson de geste', in Greene, Roland Cushman, Stephen Cavanagh, Clare Ramazani, Jahan Rouzer, Paul, Feinsod, Harris, Marno, David & Slessarev, Alexandra (eds.), The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics: Fourth Edition, Princeton University Press, pp. 220-222
- 2012 'Multilingualism and Empire in L’Entrée d’Espagne', in Weiss, Julian & Salih, Sarah (eds.), Locating the Middle Ages: The Places and Spaces of Medieval Culture, King's College London, pp. 55-66
- 2008 'The (Future) Perfect Knight: Repetition in the Cycle de Guillaume d’Orange', in Lindley, Elizabeth & McMahon, Laura (eds.), Rhythms: Essays in French Literature, Thought and Culture, Peter Lang, pp. 87-99
- 2019 'A Cosmopolitan Middle Ages?', Exemplaria 31, pp. 63-72
- 2019 'Visualizing Elemental Ontology in the Livre des propriétés des choses', Romanic Review
- 2018 'Emotions, History and Presence in Benoît de Sainte-Maure’s Roman de Troie', Forum for Modern Language Studies 54, pp. 443-464
- 2018 'Medieval Cultures and Modern Crises: Agamben’s Troubadours, Angels and Monks', Angelaki: Journal of the Theoretical Humanities 23, pp. 77-93
- 2016 'Introduction: Medieval Libraries, History of the Book and Literature', French Studies 70, pp. 159-170
- 2012 'Genre, Ideology and Utopia in Huon de Bordeaux', Medium Aevum 81, pp. 289-302
- 2011 'Linguistic and Political Ferment in the Franco-Italian Epic: The Geste Francor as Minor Literature', Exemplaria 23, pp. 293-313
- 2011 'Marcabru in Motion: “Dire vos vuoill ses duptanssa” in Chansonniers A and C, and in Matfre Ermengaud's Breviari d’amor', Glossator 4, pp. 115-130
- 2010 'The Art of Revolt: Rebellion in the Works of Bertran de Born and Julia Kristeva', Comparative Literature 62, pp. 22-40
- 2008 'Le Cycle de Renart: From the Enfances to the Jugement in a Cyclical Roman de Renart Manuscript', French Studies 62, pp. 1-12
- 2008 'Entre résistance et révolte: les enjeux du territoire', Revue des langues romanes 112, pp. 465-490
- Medieval Libraries
- Medieval Translation