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Institute of Advanced Study

Sustainable Energy and Water


The aim of this paper is to illustrate a model for developing planning strategies towards sustainable energy and water resource development.  Water resources management policies around the world have used widely diversified approaches, since the pattern of development varied in different countries, but general trends are discernible. The traditional planning
approaches that dominated last century showed a reliance on physical solutions, major new constructions and large scale water transfers from one region to the other. Today, the planning and decision processes begin to explore efficiency improvements, implement options for managing demand, and reallocate water among users to reduce projected gaps and meet future needs. Following the general principles set forth by the World Commission on Environment and Development (1987), the European Water Framework Directive (WFD) has stressed the necessity of an integrated and sustainable water resources management approach, for improving and maintaining environmental quality, using tools such as full recovery of the costs incurred in water supply, including environmental costs.

Insights Paper