Textual Evidence - Public Lecture series: The Life of Texts (Introduction), and, Editing Homer
This lecture asks who Homer was, how the poems attributed to him emerged from a rich tradition of oral poetry, and how they became texts. It then considers how we should edit Homeric epic, in view of what we know (and do not know) about its origins. The lecture is fully accessible to non-specialists, is illustrated with comparative materials from other oral epic traditions, and considers in particular two recent, and ideologically opposed, editions of the Iliad.
This lecture is free and open to all.
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On this Public Lecture series...
Texts have lives of their own, which develop both in the run-up to their completion and in subsequent dissemination.
Texts take shape over time, are potentially perfectible ad infinitum and attain their distinctive features through progressive improvements, but also afterthoughts, reconsiderations and even failed attempts. The traces left by this process provide valuable insights into authorial strategies and modes of composition, while casting considerable light on the rationale underpinning the final outcome.
The life of texts continues to unfold after authors have released them or lost control over them, as the vitality of a text very much depends on its being transmitted and made available to a variety of audiences across space and time, regardless of its form or shape. However, the longer the chain of transmission, the greater the chances for the textual message to be altered (deliberately or not) or even lost. Breaks in the continuity of textual transmission can be occasioned by a variety of causes – a change of script or mode of writing; the transition from one form of textual layout or physical support to another; innovations introduced in the mechanics of transmission (e.g., from manuscript to printed or digitized text); the adoption of a new notation system; a mere turn in trends of fashion. At that point, what appears to be no longer immediately comprehensible or accessible may need to be “translated” into more manageable modes of presentation.
Such rough transitions have meant either death or survival for many works. Some would reach the following stage in piecemeal fashion or disfigured by errors; others still, despite looking complete, owe their integrity to the ingenuity and painstaking work of editors. No work of Homer, Dante or Shakespeare survives in utterly dependable textual witnesses. Editions of non-Western masterpieces often rely on notions of textual authority which are at variance with the ones traditionally accepted in the West. Complete scores of symphonies, sonatas or choral pieces may occasionally result from the editorial reconstruction of the surviving instrumental or vocal parts.
This series of lectures aims to tackle an ever-pressing issue common to most civilizations: the need for preserving the written legacy of peoples and nations as faithfully as possible, while ensuring its accessibility to future generations. Given by acknowledged experts in their field including among others Professor Richard Gameson (Durham University); Professor Barbara Graziosi (Durham University); Professor Francis Watson (Durham University); Professor Daniel Newman (Durham University); Dr Annalisa Cipollone (Durham University);and Professor Carlo Vecce (Instituto Universitario Orientale, Naples); the lectures are intended for a non-specialist audience and will address influential works in light of the textual evidence on which they rest. It is argued that an awareness of what the ‘life of texts’ entails is essential for a critical understanding of the transmission of culture.
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