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Durham University

Department of Engineering

Staff Profile

Publication details for Professor Simon Hogg

Burton, Zoe, Ingram, Grant & Hogg, Simon (2014). The influence of condenser pressure variation and tip leakage on low pressure steam turbine exhaust hood flows. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy 228(4): 370-379.

Author(s) from Durham


This paper aims to highlight the importance of the accurate computational modelling of both the inlet and outlet exhaust hood boundary conditions. The computations presented are calculated using the public domain low pressure exhaust diffuser test case proposed by Burton in 2012. The original test case did not include the effect of tip leakage on diffuser flows, but this paper describes the inclusion of tip leakage and the results are shown to be in line with the outputs produced by other authors. The key advance in this paper is that calculations were conducted with a representative condenser pressure gradient caused by the temperature variation inside the condenser tube nest. It is shown that accurately modelling the exit boundary calculation has a large influence on the flow structure and a smaller influence on the pressure recovery inside the exhaust diffuser. This influence is smaller than that seen by other authors when including unsteady effects or accounting for the circumferential non-uniformity of the turbine exit flow but will need to be included in design calculations as diffuser design advances.