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Durham University

Department of Engineering

Staff Profile

Publication details for Professor David Toll

Hughes, P.N., Glendinning, S., Mendes, J., Parkin, G., Toll, D.G., Gallipoli, D. & Miller, P. (2009). Full-scale testing to assess climate effects on embankments. Engineering Sustainability: Proc. Institution of Civil Engineers 162(2): 67-79.

Author(s) from Durham


A unique facility for engineering and biological research has been established with the aim of improving fundamental understanding of the effects of climate change on slopes. This paper describes the building and monitoring of a full-scale embankment representative of UK infrastructure, the planting and monitoring of representative vegetation, and the construction of a system of sprinklers and covers to control climate. A summary of the results of the first experiments simulating predicted future UK climate and the response of the embankment is also presented. The information that has begun to be gathered is providing data related to the failure modes anticipated as a result of climate change and hence on the sustainability of UK infrastructure slopes.


Special Issue on Biological and Engineering Impacts of
Climate Change on Slopes