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Durham University

Department of Engineering

Staff Profile

Publication details for Dr Yaodong Wang

Wu, Qibai, Xie, Xialin, Wang, Yaodong & Roskilly, Tony (2018). Effect of carbon coated aluminum nanoparticles as additive to biodiesel-diesel blends on performance and emission characteristics of diesel engine. Applied Energy 221: 597-604.

Author(s) from Durham


This study investigates the effects of carbon coated aluminum (Al@C) nanoparticles added to diesel-biodiesel blends as additives on engine performance and emissions. The Al@C nanoparticles are added into the diesel-biodiesel fuel in the mass fractions of 30 ppm under ultrasonic mixing. The experimental tests are conducted using a Cummins diesel engine. For comparison, three kinds of fuels including diesel-biodiesel blend (B10), B10 with 4% ethanol (B10E4), and B10 with 4% ethanol and 30-ppm nanoparticles (B10E4N30) are used for the tests under the European Stationary Cycle (ESC). The results show clearly that adding Al@C nanoparticles can reduce brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) by 6% on average; along with a drop of 6% in NOX emission and CO emission is reduced by 19%, comparing with B10. However, the presence of ethanol in fuel blend increases THC emission. Nevertheless, addition of Al@C nanoparticles reduces THC emission by 14.5% compared with B10E4. The emission of particles number (PN) is increased by 2.2 times for B10E4N30 on average but is reduced by 11.8% for B10E4 (adding ethanol only) on the contrary, compared to B10. The studies on morphology and phase structure of nanoparticles after combustion indicate that Al@C nanoparticles have been transformed into alumina nanoparticles.