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Durham University

Department of Engineering

Staff Profile

Publication details for Professor Jun Jie Wu

Mondal, S., Field, R. W. & Wu, J. J. (2017). Novel Approach for Sizing Forward Osmosis Membrane Systems. Journal of Membrane Science 541: 321-328.

Author(s) from Durham


Analytical solutions for sizing ideal Forward Osmosis membrane systems are developed for both co-current and counter-current flow configurations. They are integral solutions of the mass balance equations, including the one representing transfer across the membrane. Salt passage is assumed to be zero but allowance is made for concentration polarisation. The solutions presented obviate the need for approximations based upon a log mean driving force which are only mere approximations when there is transfer of mass from one side of the transfer surface to the other. Secondly a comparison between the estimates of areas using a log-mean approximation and the calculated areas using the analytical solution shows that the former will generate significant errors at high recoveries for the case of counter-current flow. Thirdly the potential recovery is also elucidated for various combinations of salinity, flow rate ratios and flow arrangement.