We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Otherwise, we'll assume you're OK to continue.

Durham University

Department of Classics and Ancient History


Prof. P. J. Rhodes, FBA

Emeritus Fellow of University College

Contact Prof. P. J. Rhodes, FBA (email at


P. J. Rhodes was the Department's specialist in Greek history from 1965 to 2005 (Professor of Ancient History from 1983); since his retirement in 2005 he has been Honorary Professor and Emeritus Professor. He is author of The Athenian Boule (1972, rev. 1985), Greek Historical Inscriptions, 359-323 BC (1972, rev. 1986), A Commentary on the Aristotelian Athenaion Politeia (1981, rev. 1993), The Athenian Empire (1985, rev. 1993), The Greek City States: A Source Book (1986, rev. and enlarged edition 2007), (with D. M. Lewis) The Decrees of the Greek States (1997), Ancient Democracy and Modern Ideology (2003), (with R. Osborne) Greek Historical Inscriptions, 404-323 BC (2003, corr. 2007), A History of the Classical Greek World, 478-323 BC (2005, 2nd ed. 2010) and Alcibiades (2011). He has translated The Athenian Constitution for Penguin Classics (1984), has produced editions of Thucydides, Books II (1988), III (1994), and IV.1-V.24 (1998), and The Old Oligarch (with J. L. Marr, 2008), and has edited (with L. G. Mitchell) The Development of the Polis in Archaic Greece (1997), D. M.Lewis's Selected Papers in Greek and Near Eastern History (1997), Athenian Democracy (2004), and (with E. E. Bridges and E. M. Hall) Cultural Responses to the Persian Wars: Antiquity to the Third Millennium (2007).

He is a contributor to the 2nd edition of the Cambridge Ancient History, to the 3rd and 4th editions of the Oxford Classical Dictionary, to Der neue Pauly and to the Blackwell-Wiley Encyclopedia of Ancient History. He has been a Consultant to the Copenhagen Polis Centre, and is a member of the editorial board of Bryn Mawr Classical Review (U.S.A.) and of the international advisory boards of Acta Antiqua (Hungary),.Mouseion (Canada), Grammateion (Greece) and Scripta Classica Israelica.

He has been a Junior Fellow of the Center for Hellenic Studies, Washington, D.C., and a member of the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, N.J., and has also held visiting fellowships at the University of New England, Australia, and under the auspices of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science. In 2002 he was Langford Family Eminent Scholar at Florida State University. He is a Fellow of the British Academy, where he was vice-chairman of the Classical Antiquity Section 1999-2002 and chairman 2002-5, and is a Foreign Member of the Royal Danish Academy, a Fellow of the Fondazione Lorenzo Valla and an Honorary Member of the Greek Epigraphic Society. In 2014/5 he is President of the Classical Association.

Research Interests

  • Greek history and historical literature
  • Greek politics and political institutions


Authored book

Edited book

Chapter in book

  • Rhodes, P. J. (2019). Buildings and History. In Greek Art in Motion: Studies in Honour of Sir John Boardman on the Occasion of his 90th Birthday. Morais, R., Leao, D., Rodriguez Perez, D. & Ferreira, D. Archaeopress. 46-54.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2019). John Davies, Greek Historian. In The Power of Individual and Community in Ancient Athens and Beyond: Essays in Honour of J. K. Davies. Archibald, Z.H. & Haywood, J. Classical Press of Wales. 311-315.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2018). Athenian Foreign Policy. In The Oxford Handbook of Demosthenes. Martin, G Oxford University Press. 129-141.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2018). Erasures in Greek Public Documents. In The Materialty of Text: Presences and Perceptions of Inscribed Text in Classical Antiquity. Petrovic, A., Petrovic, I. & Thomas, E. V. Brill. 145-166.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2018). Herodotus on Democracy. In Interpreting Herodotus: Essays after Charles Fornara. Irwin, E. K. & Harrison, T. E. H. Oxford University Press. 265-277.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2018). The Athenian Assembly: Continuing Problems (translated into Russian by V. Gouschin). In Pentekontaetia: Issledovanij po anticnoi istorii i kul'ture: sbornik posvjascennyi jubileju Igorja Evgen'evica Surikova [Festschrift for I. E. Surikov]. Gabelko, O. L., Makhlauk, A.V. & Smitsyn, A. A. RChGA. 110-116.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2017). Boiotian Democracy?. In Boiotia in the Fourth Century B.C. Gartland, S. D. University of Pennsylvania Press. 59-64, 183-185.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2016). Fourth-Century Appointments in Athens. In Die athenische Demokratie im vierten Jahrhundert: Zwischen Modernisierung und Tradition. Tiersch, C. Steiner. 109-119.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2015). Instability in the Greek Cities. In Deformations and Crises of Ancient Civil Communities. Gouschin, V. & Rhodes, P. J. Steiner. 27-46.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2015). The Date of the 'Financial Decrees of Callias' (IG i3 52). In =Axon=: Studies in Honor of Ronald S. Stroud. Matthaiou, A. P. & Papazarkadas, N. Greek Epigraphic Society. 39-47.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2014). The Congruence of Power: Ruling and Being Ruled in Greek Participatory Communities. In A Companion to Greek Democracy and the Roman Republic. Hammer, D. & # Wiley-Blackwell. 131-145.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2014). What Remains of Periclean Imperialism?. In Αθηναίων επίσκοπος Studies in honour of Harold B. Mattingly. Matthaiou, A. P. & Pitt, R. K. Athens: Greek Epigraphic Society. 16: 39-49.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2013). Athenian Democracy and Tragedy. In The Encyclopedia of Greek Tragedy. Roisman, H. Wiley-Blackwell. 1: 155-159.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2013). The Alleged Failure of Athens in the Fourth Century. In The Greek World in the 4th and 3rd Centuries B.C. Dabrowa, E. & Sprawski, S. Jagiellonian University Press. 19: 111-129.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2011). Appeals to the Past in Classical Athens. In Stablilty and Crisis in the Athenian Democracy. Herman, G. Steiner. Historia Einzelschriften 220: 13-30.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2011). Biaios Didaskalos? Thucydides and His Lessons for His Readers. In Thucydides -- A "Violent Teacher"? History and Its Representations. Rechenauer, G. & Pothou, V. V&R Unipress. 17-28.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2011). Response to Griffith and OKell. In Why Athens? A Reappraisal of Tragic Politics. Carter, D.M. Oxford Univertsity Press. 237-241.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2010). "Lycurgan" Athens. In Philathenaios: Studies in Honour of M. J. Osborne. Tamis, A., Mackie, C. J. & Byrne, S. G. Athens: Greek Epigraphic Society. 81-90.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2010). Stability in the Athenian Democracy after 403 B.C. In Zwischen Monarchie und Republik. Linke, B., Meier, M. & Strothmann, M. Stuttgart: Steiner. 67-75.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2010). The "Assembly" at the End of Aristophanes' Knights. In Law and Drama in Ancient Greece. Harris, E. M., Leao, D. F. & Rhodes, P. J. London: Duckworth. 158-168.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2010). The Literary and Epigraphic Evidence: to the Roman Conquest. In A Companion to Ancient Macedonia. Roisman, J. & Worthington, I. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell. 23-40.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2009). Civic Ideology and Citizenship. In A Companion to Greek and Roman Political Thought. Balot, R.K. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell. 57-69.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2009). Epigraphy. In The Oxford Handbook of Hellenic Studies. Boys-Stones, G. R., Graziosi, B. & Vasunia, P. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 709-719.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2009). Political Leagues (other then Sparta's) in Xenophon's Hellenika. In The Landmark Xenophon's Hellenika. Strassler, R.B. New York: Pantheon Books. 369-373.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2008). Greek City-State. In Encarta Encyclopaedia. Encarta.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2008). Making and Breaking Treaties in the Greek World. In War and Peace in Ancient and Medieval History. de Souza, P. & France, J. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 6-27.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2007). Democracy and Empire. In The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Pericles. Samons, L.J. & II New York: Cambridge University Press. 24-45.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2007). Documents and the Greek Historians. In A Companion to Greek and Roman Historiography. Marincola, J. Oxford.: Blackwell. 1: 56-66.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2007). Oaths in Political Life. In Horkos: The Oath in Greek Society. Sommerstein, A. H. & Fletcher, J. Exeter: Bristole Phoenix Press (an imprint of Exeter Press). 11-25, 220-223.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2007). The Impact of the Persian Wars in Classical Greece. In Cultural Responses to the Persian Wars: Antiquity to the Third Millennium. Bridges, E., Hall, E. & Rhodes, P. J. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 31-44.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2006). 'Classical' and 'Hellenistic' in Athenian History. In Greek and Hellenistic Studies. Dabrowa, E. Krakow: Jagiellonian University Press. 27-43.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2006). The Literary Sources. In A Companion to the Classical Greek World. Kinzl, K.H. Oxford: Blackwell. 26-44.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2006). The Non-Literary Written Sources. In A Companion to the Classical Greek World. Kinzl, K.H. Oxford: Blackwell. 45-63.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2006). Thucydides and Athenian History. In Brill's Companion to Thucydides. Rengakos, A. & Tsakmakis, A. Leiden: Brill. 523-546.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2004). The Laws of Athens in the Athenaion Politeia. In Nomos: Direito e Sociedade na Antiguidade Classica. Leao, D. F., Rossetti, L. & Fialho, M. do Ceo G. Z. Coimbra / Madrid: Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra / Ediciones Clasicas. 75-87.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2000). Oligarchs in Athens. In Alternatives to Athens: Varietries of Political Organization and Community in Ancient Greece. Brock, R. w. & Hodkinson, S. J. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 119-136.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2000). Who Ran Democratic Athens?. In Polis and Ploitics; Studies in Ancient Greek Society Presented to Mogens Herman Hansen. Flensted-Jensen, P., Nielsen, T. H. & Rubinstein, L. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press. 465-477.

Journal Article

Conference Paper

  • Rhodes, P.J. (2009), Response to David Whitehead, Symposion 2007: Vorträge zur griechischen und hellenistischen Rechtsgeschichte = Papers on Greek and Hellenistic legal history. Durham, England, Verlag der Oesterreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Durham, 37-40.

Conference Proceeding

Other (Print)

Scholarly Edition

Translated Book