We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Otherwise, we'll assume you're OK to continue.

Durham University

Department of Chemistry

Publication details for Prof. Graham Sandford

Gong, Xiaojie, Heeran, Darren, Zhao, Qiang, Zheng, Chaoyue, Yufit, Dmitry S., Sandford, Graham & Gao, Deqing (2019). Synthesis of fluoro- and cyano-aryl containing pyrene derivatives and their optical and electrochemical properties. Asian Journal of Organic Chemistry 8(5): 722-730.

Author(s) from Durham


Mono‐ and 1,6‐disubstituted pyrene derivatives bearing perfluorotoluene or perfluorobenzonitrile moieties were synthesized by nucleophilic substitution processes. The compounds were characterized by NMR, UV‐vis, photoluminescence (PL), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), cyclic voltametry (CV) and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. We found that derivatives substituted with perfluorobenzonitrile showed better thermal stability, stronger electron with‐drawing ability and better fluorescence properties than the corresponding perfluorotoluyl‐pyrene systems