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Durham University

Department of Chemistry

Publication details for Dr Mark A. Fox

Harder, R.A., MacBride, J.A.H., Rivers, G.P., Yufit, D.S., Goeta, A.E., Howard, J.A.K., Wade, K. & Fox, M.A. (2014). Studies on bis(1’-ortho-carboranyl)benzenes and bis(1’-ortho-carboranyl)biphenyls. Tetrahedron 70(34): 5182-5189.

Author(s) from Durham

Abstract

Reactions between the C,C’-dicopper(I) derivative of ortho-carborane and ortho-, meta- and para-diiodobenzene are reported. The reaction with 1,2-C6H4I2 unexpectedly afforded 2,2’-bis(1’-ortho-carboranyl)biphenyl, [HCB10H10CC6H4]22, whereas reactions with 1,3- or 1,4-C6H4I2 provided alternative routes to 1,3-bis(1’-ortho-carboranyl)benzene 3 and 1,4-bis(1’-ortho-carboranyl)benzene 4 respectively. The crystal structure of the biphenyl derivative 2 revealed significant distortions in the biphenylene framework attributable to the proximity of the two bulky carborane cages. UV absorption spectra and electrochemical data on 2 and 3 showed little electronic communication between the two carborane cages in either, and negligible pi-conjugation between the two ortho-phenylene rings in 2. However, substantial evidence was found of electronic communication between the carborane cages via the para-phenylene bridge in 4. B3LYP/6-31G* computations have been carried out on compounds 2 and 4, on 4,4’-bis(ortho-carboranyl)biphenyl 6 and on 1,2-bis(1’-ortho-carboranyl)benzene 7. Those on 2, 4 and 6 show the computed geometries to be in very good agreement with the experimental geometries: those on 7 allowed the reported molecular geometry of this compound to be revised and revealed a long cage C-C bond of 1.725(3)A.