Prof Charlotte Roberts, BA (Hons), MA, PhD, SRN
(email at firstname.lastname@example.org)
A bioarchaeologist, I have a background in archaeology, environmental archaeology and human bioarchaeology. I have studied and interpreted human remains from archaeological sites for the past 30 years, and I am specifically interested in exploring the interaction of people with their environments in the past through patterns of health and disease (palaeopathology), and especially those health problems that are common today. My key research interest is in the origin, evolution and history of infectious diseases.
I also try to utilize multiple lines of evidence for reconstructing past health, including exploring the application of medical anthropological and evolutionary biological approaches to bioarchaeology. Furthermore, I have a strong active interest in past concepts of disease causation and therapeutic measures.
I have always promoted the need for the contextualisation of biological data for health problems experienced by our ancestors through many of my publications and in my teaching - see my publications below (e.g. see books: Roberts and Cox 2003, Roberts and Buikstra 2003, Roberts and Manchester 2005, Roberts 2007, Roberts and Cox 2007).
A State Registered Nurse initially (1975-8), I completed a BA in Archaeological Studies (Leicester - 1979-1982), a MA Environmental Archaeology and Palaeoeconomy (Sheffield - 1983), and a PhD (bioarchaeology/ palaeopathology/ medical history - Bradford 1988).
I was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in 2014, gained an Excellence in Teaching Award in 1999, and an Excellence in Doctoral Supervision Award in 2009
I am currently the President of BABAO (British Association of Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology) - 2015-2018
My nursing background, particularly, has guided me into taking an holistic approach to past ill health in bioarchaeology, something that was also considered essential in a hospital environment. Understanding why and how people and communities today experience health problems is essential to be able to understand ill health in the past. This includes a consideration of the impact of age, sex, gender, ethnicity, religion, and social, economic and political status on disease occurrence.
Appointed Lecturer (US equivalent of Assistant Professor) in 1989 and Senior Lecturer in 1994 (US equivalent of Associate Professor) at Bradford University, I moved to Durham University in 2000 to become a Reader, finally being promoted to Professor of Archaeology in 2004 (US equivalent of Full Professor).
In terms of teaching, I have successfully initiated and on taught two masters courses (Bradford: MSc Osteology, Palaeopathology and Funerary Archaeology 1990-1999, and Durham: MSc Palaeopathology 2000-date), currently teaching at undergraduate and masters levels.
I do other things too because I strive to have a work-life balance(!). I love the outdoors and the countryside, and I am a keen fell runner, skier and cyclist, but additionally I am an active member of the Women's Institute (100 years old in 2015). Amongst making time to do yoga, garden, birdwatch, hike, and support my local community, I ring local church bells, do a bit of flower arranging (currently studying for a Level 2 diploma), sing with an informal singing group (the Rural Belles), and have a qualification in dry stone walling!
The sections below record activity within the last 3 years
External PhD supervision
I am an external supervisor for a student at the University of Coimbra, Portugal, and at the Free University, Berlin, Germany
Membership of Research Groups and Centres
Bioarchaeology (based in the Department of Archaeology) - https://www.dur.ac.uk/archaeology/research/research_environment/research_groups/bioarchaeology/
Centre for the History of Medicine and Disease (based in the Department of Philosophy) - http://www.dur.ac.uk/chmd/
Centre for Life and Death Studies (based in the Department if Theology) - http://www.dur.ac.uk/cdals/
Centre for the Ethics of Cultural Heritage (University wide Research Centre) - http://www.dur.ac.uk/cech/staff/
Wolfson Research Institute (Durham University) - http://www.dur.ac.uk/wolfson.institute/
Northern Centre for the History of Medicine (Durham/Newcastle Universities) - http://www.nchm.ac.uk/
Outreach (selected public lectures/media)
I enjoy talking about my research to beneficiaries beyond academia, and have taught classes for the public since the 1980s, along with giving many public lectures and taking part in TV and radio programmes. Here are the last three years of talks to the public/exhibitions/engagement etc:
2016: Archaeology for the older generation. Worked with care home residents, Bedale, North Yorkshire and produced a resource booklet (with Kirsty McCarrison, Durham Museums) - see website which includes both this project and Skeleton Science: http://skeletonscience.weebly.com
2016: Skeleton science exhibition: worked with Kirsty McCarrison and Bedale Museum to bring this to Bedale during June
2016: Wensleydale Society: : "Skeletons in closets": what have our ancestors told us about living in northern England in the past?
2015: Gresham College Free Lectures, Museum of London: The archaeology of disease documented in skeletons (http://www.gresham.ac.uk/lectures-and-events/the-archaeology-of-disease-documented-in-skeletons)
2015: Harmby and Spennithorne Women's Institute: Human bones do tell tales
2015: Skeleton science exhibition: worked with Kirsty McCarrison and Matt Storey to bring this to Bede's World, Tyneside during August
2015: Series of six lectures on palaeopathology to students from various disciplines at the Federal University of Espirito Santo, Vitoria, Brazil
2015: Two lectures on palaeopathology to students on the Transylvania Bioarechaeology fieldschool in Cluj, Romania
2015: Inaugural lecture to open the Centre for Medical History, University of Winchester (Archaeological human remains and the history of infectious disease: possibilities and realities)
2014: Worked with Kirsty McCarrison, Durham Museums to transfer the Skeleton Science exhibition to the Thackray Medical Museum, Leeds (February 2014-January 2015)
2014 Bellerby Study Group: Human bones do tell tales
2014 Snape Local History Group: Human bones from archaeological sites do tell tales: possibilities and realities
2014 Skeleton Science Exhibition; previously shown at Durham in 2012, this exhibition has now moved to the Thackray Musuem for 2014 in Leeds
Past research students
The following lists supervision of past research students, funding source and nationality of students (B= at my previous institution, the University of Bradford):
Marieke Gernay (Health in late medieval urban north-west Europe: a bioarchaeological study of Caen, Canterbury and Ghent Belgium, France and England); self funded
Zahra Afshar 2015 (Migration, mobility and economic transition in the 3rd millennium BC in the population of south-east of Iran, Shahr-e Sokhta); Iran; self funded
Michaela Binder 2014 (Health and diet in ancient Nubia through political and social change); Austrian; Leverhulme Trust funded
Devon Lee Kase Tancock 2014 Congenital Defects in 18th and 19th Century Populations from Rural and Urban Northeast England; U.S. self funded
Ashley Tallyn 2014 A study of the health of monks' and nuns' health using multiple lines of evidence. U.S. Self funded
Sharman J 2013: Age, sex and the life course: population variability in human ageing and implications for bioarchaeology. Canada; Self funded
Marta Diaz-Zorita Bonilla 2013 The copper age in South West Spain: a bioarchaeological approach to prehistoric social organization. Spanish; Government of Anadalucia
Kimberley Plomp 2013: Quantifying palaeopathology: developing objective geometric morphometric methods for recording pathological conditions in human skeletal remains. Canadian; Durham Interdisciplinary Award - with Anthropology
Kirsty McCarrison 2012: Osteological and biomolecular study of prehistoric tuberculosis in Britain. UK; NERC funded
Ryan Franklin 2011 (University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa; external supervision); The Recognition, Frequency, and Taxonomic Association of Skeletal Pathology from Selected Plio-Pleistocene-aged Sites from the Cradle of Humankind, Witwatersrand, South Africa
Heather Jarrell 2011: (Ohio State University; external supervision) Association Between Skeletal Fractures and Locomotor Behavior, Habitat Use, and Body Mass in Nonhuman Primates
Karen Bernofsky 2010: Respiratory health in the past. A bioarchaeological study of chronic maxillary sinusitis and rib periostitis from the Iron Age to the Post Medieval period in southern England. Canadian; self funded
Jaime Jennings 2010: Stress along the medieval Anglo-Scottish border? Skeletal indicators of conflict zone health. U.S. Self funded
Paola Ponce 2010: A comparative study of activity-related skeletal changes in 3rd-2nd millennium BC coastal fishers and 1st millennium AD inland agriculturists in Chile, South America. Argentinian; Durham Doctoral Award funded
Charlotte Henderson 2009: Musculo-skeletal stress markers in bioarchaeology: Indications of activity levels or human variation? UK; self funded
Rosa Spencer 2008: Testing hypotheses about diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) using stable isotope and aDNA analysis of late medieval populations Canadian/UK; NERC funded
Francisca Alves Cardoso 2008: A portrait of gender in two late 19th/early 20th century Portuguese populations: a palaeopathological perspective. Portugal; Fundação Para a Ciência Tecnologia funded
Alvaro Arce 2008 Health in Southern and Eastern England: a perspective on the Early Medieval period. Venuzuela/ Canada; self funded
McNaught J 2007 A clinical and archaeological study of Schmorl’s Nodes: using clinical data to understand the past. UK; self funded
Groves SE 2006 Spears or ploughshares: multiple indicators of activity related stress and social status in four early Medieval populations from north-east England. UK; AHRC funded
Caffell AC 2005 Dental caries in Medieval Britain (c. 450-1540): temporal, geographic and contextual patterns. UK; NERC funded
Jakob T 2004 Prevalence and patterns of disease in early Medieval populations: a comparison of skeletal samples from 5th-8th century AD Britain and Germany. Germany; self funded
Bernard M-C 2003 Tuberculosis: a demographic analysis and social study of admissions to a children’s sanatorium (1936-1954) in Stannington, Northumberland. Canada; self funded
Montgomery J 2002 Lead and strontium isotope compositions of human dental tissues as an indicator of ancient exposure and population dynamics. UK; NERC funded (B)
Sture J 2002 Biocultural perspectives on birth defects in late Medieval rural and urban populations in Northern England. UK; AHRC funded
Santos AL 2000 (University of Coimbra, external supervision) A skeletal picture of tuberculosis. Macroscopic, radiological, biomolecular and historical evidence from the Coimbra Identified Collection. Portugal; Fundação Para a Ciência Tecnologia
Keeping D 2000 Life and death in English nunneries: a biocultural study of variations in the health of women during the later Medieval period, 1066-1540. Canada; Commonwealth Foundation funded
Freeth C 1999 Dental health in biocultural perspective UK; self funded (B)
Lewis M 1999 The impact of urbanization: an assessment of morbidity and mortality in British non-adult populations. UK; University of Bradford funded (B)
Margerison B 1997 A comparison of the palaeodemography of catastrophic and attritional cemeteries. UK; SERC funded (B)
Dalby G 1994 Middle ear disease in antiquity. UK; self funded (B)
Annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA: Posters: Keeping up with the kids: mobility patterns of young individuals from the St Mary Magdalen leprosy hospital (Winchester); A skeleton with possible leprosy from a post-Medieval cemetery in Riga, Latvia
21st European Meeting of the Paleopathology Association, Moscow, Russia: Keynote lecture: The development of diagnostic criteria for tuberculosis in palaeopathology: a temporal perspective and a cautionary tale.
Annual Conference of the BABAO, University of Kent, Canterbury: Posters: Assessing physiological stress in young people with leprosy buried at a Medieval English leprosarium using stable isotope analyses from high-resolution incremental dentine; Spondylolysis in ancient Nubia during the Meroitic to Christian periods; A 6500 years old Middle Neolithic child from Pollera Cave, Liguria, Northwestern Italy with probably multifocal osteoarticular tuberculosis
19th International Leprosy Congress, Beijing, China: applying the “index of care” to a person who experienced leprosy in late Medieval Chichester, England
19th International Leprosy Congress, Beijing, China: Assessing physiological stress in young people with leprosy buried at a Medieval English leprosarium using stable isotope analyses from high-resolution incremental dentine
Economic and Human Biology Conference, Tubingen, Germany: The developmental origins hypothesis. Early life stress and adult age at death in Europe: evidence from skeletal remains
Australasian Society for Human Biology Conference, Otago, New Zealand; invited keynote speaker: Palaeopathology: its value in understanding our ancestors’ lives, and some perspectives on its development over the last 30 or so years (with a focus on the UK), and for the University of Otago's meeting on the theme of Asia-Pacific Biocultural Health: The implications of our past on human health today:The bioarchaeology of infectious disease: synergies between past and present
Launch of new Centre for Medical History, University of Winchester: Archaeological human remains and the history of infectious disease: possibilities and realities. Invited keynote speaker
Annual Meeting of the Paleopathology Association, St Louis, Missouri, USA: Symposium: Exploring the Theme of Migration in Paleopathology: Past, Present, and Future. Invited paper: The impact of migration on health: past palaeopathological perspectives and future prospects; and two other papers: Assessing leprosy stigmata in medieval England (AD11th-15th centuries); Migrant health, an analysis of prehistoric health in relation to mobility in a Wadi Suq population at Ra’s Al-Khaimah, UAE
Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, St Louis, Missouri, USA: Organisation of Poster Symposium: The Bioarchaeology of Cardiovascular Disease; 3 posters: The impact of bioarchaeological study on understanding the evolution of cardiovascular disease; Calcified structures as potential evidence of atherosclerosis associated with human skeletal remains from Amara West (1300–800BC); Survival of calcified atheromata in the archaeological record - The effect of taphonomy, excavation and curation strategies on preservation and analysis.
Annual Conference of the Society for General Microbiology, Birmingham: Invited paper for session on Microbial Archaeology: Palaeopathology: using evidence from archaeological skeletons to track the origin, evolution and history of infectious disease
Annual Conference of the Society of American Archaeology, San Francisco, USA: Invited paper for session on the Bioarchaeology of care: The potential and challenges of constructing a bioarchaeology of care for a person with leprosy in the late Medieval period
Health care: supply and demand in prehistory and history, Goththenburg, Sweden: Assessing the evidence for health care using bioarchaeology: potential, limitations and thoughts for future work. Invited keynote lecture
South American Conference of the Paleopathology Association, Buenos Aires, Argentina: Palaeopathological research: The impact on beneficiaries beyond academia in the UK
45th Biannual Polish Anthropological Society Conference: Facing challenges of human-environment interactions, Poznan: Palaeopathology and its relevance to unerstanding health and disease today: the impact of the environment on health past and present. Keynote lecture
Sex, Disease, and Fertility in History: An Interdisciplinary Conference, University of Cambridge: 'The history of treponematosis contirnues to be one of the most contentious issues in science' (Ortner 2003:273): perspectives from bioarchaeology. Invited lecture
'Life of Breath' research project launch, Durham University: Respiratory health in the archaeological record. Invited lecture
BABAO Annual Conference, Sheffield University: Co-authored presentations with Durham PhD students: Zahra Afshar (Violence in Iran), Kori Filipek-Ogden (Mobility of children with leprosy at Winchester), Petersone-Gordina (Dental disease and diet in Latvia), with a Durham MSc Palaeopathology student: Becca Cadbury-Simmons (The bioarchaeology of multiple sclerosis), and with Durham postdoc Vitale Sparacello (Funerary dynamics at Arena Candide, Italy), along with colleagues at Cranfield University: Emma Saunders and Nick Marquez-Grant (Bioarchaeology of the 21st century).
7th International Colloquium, Ten Duinen, Abdjimuseum, Koksjide, Belgium: Dead men talking. Interdisciplinary research into archaeological burial contexts in Northwest Europe (10th-16th centuries): The application of bioarchaeology to reconstructing our ancestors' lives in late medieval British funerary contexts: a brief history. Invited speaker
Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Denver, Colorado, USA: Session on Strange Bodies, Familiar Divides: Embodiments of Otherness: ‘Til Poison Phosphorous Brought Them Death’: The Construction and Othering of Working Class Bodies in 19th Century England
Annual Conference of the Paleopathology Association, Calgary, Canada: Papers: Co-author: Linking the past to the present: the synoptic results of a palaeo-oncological meta-analysis; Co-author: Cancer in ancient Egypt: a skeleton with metastatic carcinoma from Amera West, Upper Nubia (3200BP); Genotypes of historic strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from archaeological remains; Posters: Co-author: On the cusp of change: impacts of subsistence strategy changes on the health of a Wadi Suq (2200-1300BP) population from Ra's Al-Khaimah; Co-author: Irresistible corruption: a palaeopathological examination of lead poisoning and its shaping of the mortality and morbidity profile of an urban industrial period Quaker population in north-east England
Annual Conference of the American Association of Physical Anthropology, Calgary, Canada: Organised poster symposium on Neglected infectious diseases in palaeopathology and clinical medicine: past, current and future research on leprosy. Symposium dedicated to the memory of Donald J. Ortner: Posters: An overview of the global palaeopathological evidence for leprosy; Concepts of leprosy today in the western world: results of a survey
Society for American Archaeology Annual Conference, Austin, Texas Poster: Disparities in health: An investigation into mobility and dietary impacts on disease prevalence in two Wadi Suq tombs at Ra's al-Khaimah, UAE
Engaging with the dead: exploring changing human beliefs about death, mortality and the human body, Durham University: Paper: Developing and implementing important big picture approaches in bioarchaeology: opportunities and challenges
Dis/ability: Archaeologie und Anthropologie – Funde und Befunde, Bremen, Germany: Paper: Bioarchaeology and “disability”: using the present to inform interpretations of past impairment. Invited paper
Paleopathology Association European Conference, Lund, Sweden: Chair of a session. Paper: Applying the “Index of Care” to a person who suffered leprosy in late Medieval England. Poster: An occupationally related disease in a 19th century skeleton from north-east England? The past and present of “phossy jaw”
BABAO Annual Conference, Durham, UK: Papers: Climate change and respiratory disease at Amara West, in Sudan – a bioarchaeological perspective; Dietary evolution and cultural change during the 5th to 2nd millennium BC at Tepe Hissar, Iran. Posters: An occupationally related disease in a 19th century skeleton from north-east England? The past and present of “phossy jaw”; Mycobacteria are everywhere: implications for the study of tuberculosis in archaeological skeletal remains; Differential diagnoses of bending deformities in a non-adult skeleton from St Peter’s Church in Riga, Latvia
Royal Archaeological Institute: Science in archaeology, Bradford University, UK: Human remains – the last 40 years. Invited paper
Biomedical sciences and methods in archaeology, Bordeaux, France: Bioarchaeology and biomedical sciences: perspectives on their development. Invited keynote paper
Disease, disability and medicine in Medieval Europe, Nottingham University, UK: Applying the index of care to a person who suffered leprosy in late medieval England.
I welcome PhD student applications from well qualified and enthusiastic people who want to do research in palaeopathology. I have a particular research interest in the infectious diseases but I am willing to discuss being a supervisor in other areas in palaeopathology.
I was given one of Durham University's 'Excellence in Doctoral Supervision' Awards in 2009
I currently supervise the following research students; unless otherwise stated I act as primary supervisor:
Susan Aylard (Does Parasitic Infection Correlate With Stress During Childhood? Exploring the Impact of Poor Living Environments on the Development of Skeletal Indicators of “Stress” and Parasitic Infection in the Bioarchaeological Record); Canadian; self funded
Anna Barrett (The impact of sociocultural and environmental change on air quality and respiratory health in the 4th Cataract, Sudan: a bioarchaeological perspective). UK: AHRC Collaborative Doctoral Award with the British Museum (Daniel Antoine)
Kayla Crowder (Diet and mobility at the Jucu de Sus Necropolis, 4th – 12th Century, Transylvania, Romania). USA; Self funded. 50:50 supervised with Janet Montgomery
Kori Filipek-Ogden (Illness, Isolation, and Isotopes: Assessing leprosy stigma in late Medieval England (12th-16th centuries AD) and its impact on health and contemporary society). USA; self funded
Claire Hodson (Stressed at birth: metric variation in infants to determine whether stress affects skeletal dimensions); UK; AHRC funded. 2nd Supervisor.
Simon Hughes (Human Remains in a Museum Contexts: Storage and Study); UK; self-funded
Mocen Li (Diachronic changes in health and the transition to agriculture in China); Chinese; self-funded
Julie Peacock (Disability and traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Britain: AD 1066-AD 1800). U.K. AHRC funded
Aryel Pacheco (Tuberculosis in Andean communities from the Tarapacá area (North of Chile) between 900 BC to 1450 AD. Chile; Chilean government funded
Elina Petersone-Gordina (Living outside the city gate: a palaeopathological, isotopic and comparative analysis of the post-medieval St Gertrude Church cemetery population in Riga, Latvia). Latvia; AHRC and Wenner Gren funded
Kendra Quinn (A bioarchaeological study of the impact of mobility on transmission of tuberculosis). UK; self funded
Samantha Tipper Booth (A Bioarchaeological approach to the analysis of Vertebral Fractures amongst the Ancient Nubians from 5000B.C to 1500 A.D); UK; self funded
- Bioarchaeological approaches to the history of disease and medicine worldwide and any period, especially infectious disease
- Bioarchaeology, or the integration of biological with archaeological data to study past human populations through their skeletal remains
- The application of biomolecular techniques to answer archaeological questions
- The history of the infectious diseases, especially tuberculosis and leprosy
- History of medicine (Philosophy) (1 hours/year.)
- MSc Palaeopathology: Dissertation
- MSc Palaeopathology: Identification and analysis of the normal human skeleton
- MSc Palaeopathology: Palaeopathology. Theory and method
- MSc Palaeopathology: Research and study skills in archaeological science
- MSc Palaeopathology: Themes in palaeopathology
Indicators of Esteem
- 2015: Elected President of the British Association of Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology (2015-2018):
- 2014: Elected a Fellow of the British Academy:
- 2013: Annual Conference of the Society for American Archaeology, Honolulu, Hawaii: invited paper:
- 2013: Durham Institute for Medieval and Renaissance Studies (MEMSA) 7th Annual Postgraduate Conference (The Mutilated Body): invited keynote paper:
- 2013: Finnish Medico-Historical Society’s 24th Nordic Medical History Congress, Helsinki, Finland: invited keynote paper:
- 2012: Deputy Editor of the International Journal of Paleopathology:
- 2012: ICEPT -2. The past and present of tuberculosis: a multidisciplinary overview of the origin and evolution of TB, Szeged, Hungary:invited paper:
- 2011: Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists, Oslo, Norway: invited paper:
- 2011: Arizona State University: IHR Fellows Symposium: invited paper:
- 2011: Institute of Irish Archaeologists Annual Conference on Science and Archaeology, Dublin, Ireland: : invited keynote paper:
- 2011: REF (Research Excellence Framework) Panel C:17 - elected member for Archaeology:
- 2010: 18th European Meeting of the Paleopathology Association: Invited keynote lecture:
- 2010: Associate Editor of International Journal of Palaeopathology and Member of the Advisory Board:
- 2010: President of the Paleopathology Association: Elected President for 2011-2013
- Roberts, C.A. (2012). Human remains in archaeology. A handbook. Practical Handbooks in Archaeology No 19. Council for British Archaeology.
- Roberts, C.A. (2009). Human remains in archaeology: a handbook. Practical Handbooks in Archaeology No 19. York.: Council for British Archaeology.
- Roberts, C.A. & Buikstra, J.E. (2008). The bioarchaeology of tuberculosis. A global view on a reemerging disease. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.
- Roberts, C.A. & Manchester, K. (2005). Archaeology of disease. Stroud: Sutton Publishing. Paperback of 3rd edition 2010.
- Roberts, C.A. & Cox, M. (2003). Health & disease in Britain: from prehistory to the present day. Gloucester: Sutton Publishing.
- Roberts, C.A. & Buikstra, J.E. (2003). The bioarchaeology of tuberculosis: a global view on a re-emerging disease. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.
- Roberts, C.A. (2010). Book review of Luke Demaitre: Leprosy in Premodern Medicine. A malady of the whole body. The Historian 72(3): 718-719.
- Roberts, C.A. (2009). Book Review of Burial at the Site of the Parish Church of St Benet Sherehog before and after the Great Fire. Excavations at 1 Poultry, City of London. (MoLAS Monograph 39). By Adrian Miles & William White, with Danae Tankard. London: Museum of London, 2008. Medieval Archaeology 53: 464-465.
- Roberts, C.A. (2009). Book review of M Signoli, D Chevé, P Adalaina, G Boëtsch, O Dutour (editors) 2008 Peste: entre épidemies et sociétés, Plague: epidemics and societies, 2007, Firenze University Press. Bulletins et Mémoires de la Société d'Anthropologie de Paris 20(3-4): 287-288.
- Roberts, C.A. (2009). Book review of R David (ed): Egyptian mummies and modern science, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008. Journal of Archaeological Science 36(8): 1816-1817.
- Roberts C.A. (2009). Book review of The Black Death Cemetery, East Smithfield, London (MoLAS Monograph 43). By Ian Grainger, Duncan Hawkins, Lynne Cowal & Richard Mikulski. London: English Heritage/Museum of London Archaeology Service, 2008. Medieval Archaeology 53: 462-463.
- Roberts, C.A. (2008). Book review of The Churchyard. Wharram: a Study of Settlement on the Yorkshire Wolds, XI by S. Mays, C. Harding, C. Heighway. York University Archaeological Publications, Vol. 13, York, 2007). Journal of Archaeological Science 35(7): 2083-2084.
- Roberts, C.A. (2008). Book Review of: St Peter’s, Barton-on-Humber, Lincolnshire. A Parish Church and its community. Volume 2. The human remains. By Tony Waldron, Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2007. Medieval Archaeology 52: 428-430.
- Roberts, C.A. (2006). Book review of ‘Backbone of history. Health and nutrition in the Western Hemisphere’ edited by JC Rose and RH Steckel, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005. Social History of Medicine 19(2): 345-346.
- Roberts, C.A. (2005). Book review of C. Greenblatt and M. Spigelman (eds): Emerging pathogens. Archaeology, ecology and evolution of infectious disease, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2003. American Journal of Archaeology 109(3): 572-573.
- Roberts, C.A. (2001). Book review of 'The Tarim Mummies Ancient China and the mystery of the earliest peoples from the West' by J. P. Mallory & Victor H. Mair, London Thames & Hudson, 2000. International Journal of Heritage Studies 7(1): 102-103.
- Roberts, C.A. & Brown, T. A. (2000). 'Digging for pathogens. Ancient emerging diseases: Their evolutionary, anthropological and archaeological context' Book review of 'Digging for pathogens' edited by C.L. Greenblatt, Rehovot, Israel: Balaban Publishers, 1998. American Journal Physical Anthropology 112(2): 288-290.
- Roberts, C.A. (2000). Book review of 'The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Human Paleopathology' by A. Aufderheide and C. Rodriguez Martin, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1998. Medical History 44(1): 121-123.
- Roberts, C.A. (1999). Book review of 'The archaeology of human bones.' by Simon Mays, London and New York Routledge, 1998. Journal of Archaeological Science 26(9): 1235-1236.
- Roberts, C.A. (1995). Book review of 'Counting the Dead. The epidemiology of skeletal populations' by T. Waldron, Chichester John Wiley, 1994. Journal of human evolution 29(2): 194-197.
Chapter in book
- Roberts, CA (2017). Navigating approaches to impairment, "disability" and care in the past: the need for reflection. In Care in the past. Archaeological and interdisciplinary persectives. Powell, L, Southwell-Wright, W & Gowland, R Oxbow. xi-xviii.
- Roberts, CA (2017). Paleopathology. In Encyclopedia of Geoarchaeology. Gilbert, AS Springer. 607-613.
- Roberts, C.A. & Connell, B. (2016). Guidance on recording palaeopathology (abnormal variation). In Guidelines to the standards for recording human remains. Brickley, M.B. & McKinley, J.I. Southampton: British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology (BABAO). 1-25.
- Roberts, C.A. & Gowland, R.L. (2015). Paleopathology. In Archaeology of food. Metheny, K.B. & Beaudry, M.C. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield. 2: 385-398.
- Roberts, C.A. (2015). What did agriculture do for us? The bioarchaeology of health and diet. In The Cambridge World History. Volume 2: A world with agriculture, 12,000 BCE-500 CE. Barker, G. & Goucher, C. Cambridge University Press. 93-123.
- Roberts, CA & Buikstra, JE (2014). History of tuberculosis from the earliest times to the development of drugs. In Clinical tuberculosis. Davies, PDO, Barnes, PF & Gordon SB Hodder Arnold.
- Roberts, C.A. (2014). Human remains. In Archaeology in practice. A student guide to archaeological analyses. Balme, J. & Paterson, A. Wiley Blackwell. 300-335.
- Roberts, C.A. (2014). Manchester, Keith. In Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology. Blau, S. & Ubelaker, D. Springer. 4618-4621.
- Roberts, C.A. (2014). Pathological conditions and anomalies in archaeological investigations. In Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology. Blau, S. & Ubelaker, D. Springer. 5823-5829.
- Roberts, C.A. (2013). Archaeological human remains and laboratories: attaining acceptable standards for curating human skeletal remains for teaching and research. In Curating human remains: caring for the dead in the United Kingdom. Giesen, M. Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer. 123-134.
- Roberts, C.A. (2013). Malnutrition. In The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Anglo-Saxon England. Lapidge, M., Blair, J., Keynes, S. & Scragg, D. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell. 304-305.
- Roberts, CA (2013). Parasites. In The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Anglo-Saxon England. Lapidge, M, Blair, J, Keynes S & Scragg, D Wiley-Blackwell. 362.
- Roberts, CA (2013). Social aspects of the Bioarchaeology of leprosy. In The dead tell tales: Essays in honor of Jane E. Buikstra. Lozada,N & O’Donnabhain B Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press. 136-144.
- Roberts, CA (2013). Surgery. In The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Anglo-Saxon England. Lapidge, M, Blair, J, Keynes, S & Scragg, D Wiley-Blackwell. 445-447.
- Roberts, C.A. (2013). The bioarchaeology of health and well-being: its contribution to understanding the past. In The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial. Stutz, L.N. & Tarlow, S. Oxford University Press. 79-98.
- Roberts, CA (2012). Re-emerging infections: developments in bioarchaeological contributions to understanding tuberculosis today. In A companion to paleopathology. Grauer, A Wiley-Blackwell. 434-457.
- Roberts, CA (2012). Social aspects of the bioarchaeology of leprosy. In The dead tell tales: jane E. Buikstra and narratives of the past. Lozada, MC & O'Donnabhain, B Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press.
- Roberts, CA (2012). The bioarchaeology of health and well being: its contribution to understanding the past. In Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial. Stutz, LN & Tarlow, S Oxford University Press.
- Roberts, CA (2012). Where have we been, where are we now, and what does the future hold? palaeopathology in the Uk over the last 30 years, with a few bees in my bonnet. In Proceedings of the 12th Annual Conference of the British Association of Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology. Mitchell, PD & Buckberry, J Archaeopress. 43-52.
- Roberts, C.A. (2011). The bioarchaeology of leprosy and tuberculosis: a comparative study of perceptions, stigma, diagnosis and treatment. In Social Bioarchaeology. Agarwal, S. & Glencross, B. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell. 252-281.
- Roberts, C.A. (2010). Human Remains. In Excavations at Baldock, Hertfordshire, 1978-1994. Volume 1. An Iron Age and Romano-British cemetery at Wallington Road. Burleigh, G.R & Fitzpatrick-Matthews, K.J. Letchworth Garden City: North Hertfordshire District Council Museums Service and North Hertfordshire Archaeological Society. 1: 187-197.
- Roberts, CA. (2009). Health and welfare in medieval England: the human skeletal remains contextualised. In Reflections:50 years of medieval archaeology 1957-2007. Gilchrist, R. & Reynolds, A. Leeds: Maney Publishers. 307-325.
- Roberts, C.A. (2009). Health and welfare: lessons from the past. In Thinking about almost everything new ideas to light up minds. Amin, A. & O'Neill, M. London.: Profile Books Ltd.
- Roberts, C.A. (2008). Commentary I: Understanding health: past and present. In Health, risk and adversity. Panter-Brick, C. & Fuentes A. New York and Oxford: Berghahn Books. Volume 2, Studies of the Biosocial Society.: 13-25.
- Roberts, C.A. (2008). Health, healing and disease. In Encylopedia of Archaeology. Pearsall, D. New York: Academic Press. 1417-1426.
- Roberts, C.A. & Buikstra, J.E. (2008). The history of tuberculosis from earliest times to the development of drugs. In Clinical tuberculosis. Davies, P.D.O., Barnes, P.F. & Gordon, S.B. London: Hodder Arnold. 3-19.
- Roberts, C.A. (2007). Medical science and archaeology. In Discovery! Unearthing the new treasures of archaeology. Fagan, B. London: Thames and Hudson. 234-237.
- Roberts, C.A. & Buikstra, J.E. (2007). The evidence for tuberculosis in the Eastern Mediterranean:past and current research and future prospects. In Faces from the Past: Diachronic Patterns in the Biology of Human Populations from the Eastern Mediterranean. Faerman, M., Horwitz, L.K., Kahana, T. & Zilberman, U. Oxford: Archaeopress. 1603: 213-227.
- Roberts, C.A. & Cox, M. (2007). The impact of economic intensification and social complexity on human health in Britain from 6000 BP (Neolithic) and the introduction of farming to the mid-nineteenth century AD. In Ancient health:skeletal indicators of agricultural and economic intensification. Cohen, M.N. & Crane-Kramer, G. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida. 149-163.
- Roberts, C.A. (2006). A view from afar. Bioarchaeology in Britain. In Bioarchaeology. The contextual analysis of human remains. Buikstra, J.E. & Beck, L.A. Amsterdam Boston: Elsevier. 417-439.
- Roberts, C.A. & Cox, M. (2006). The Human Population: Health and Disease. In A companion to Roman Britain. Todd, M. Oxford: Blackwell. 242-272.
- Roberts, C.A., Lagia, A., Triantaphyllou, S., Bourbou, C. & Tsaliki, A. (2005). Health and disease in Greece: past, present and future. In Health in antiquity. King, H. London: Routledge. 32-58.
- Roberts, C A (2004). General medicine. In The 70 Great Inventions of the Ancient World. Fagan, B. London: Thames & Hudson. 225-260.
- Roberts, C.A. & Connell, B. (2004). Guidance on recording palaeopathology. In Guidelines to the standards for recording human remains. Brickley, M. & McKinley, J.I. Reading and Southampton: British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology and Institute of Field Archaeologists. IFA Paper No: 7: 34-39.
- Roberts, C.A. & Buikstra, J.E. (2003). History of tuberculosis from the earliest times to the introduction of drug therapy. In Clinical tuberculosis. Davies, P. D. O. London: Edward Arnold. 3-20.
- Roberts, C.A. & Lewis, M.E. (2002). Ecology and infectious disease in Britain from prehistory to the present: the case of respiratory infection. In Ecological aspects of past human settlements in Europe. Bennike, P., Bodzsar, E. & Susanne, C. Budapest: Eotvos University Press. 179-192.
- Roberts, C.A. (2002). Palaeopathology and archaeology: the current state of play. In The archaeology of medicine. Arnott, R. Oxford: Archaeopress. BAR international series, 1046: 1-20.
- Roberts, C.A. (2000). Did they take sugar:the use of skeletal evidence in the study of disability in past populations. In Madness, disability and social exclusion: The archaeology and anthropology of difference. Hubert, J. London: Routledge. 46-59.
- Roberts, C.A. (2000). Infectious disease in biocultural perspective: past, present and future work in Britain. In Human Osteology: In Archaeology and Forensic Science. Cox, M. & Mays, S. London: Greenwich Medical Media. 145-162.
- Roberts, C. (2000). Trauma in biocultural perspective: past, present and future work in Britain. In Human osteology in archaeology and forensic science. Cox, M. & Mays, S. London: Greenwich Medical Media. 337-356.
- Roberts, C.A. (1999). Rib lesions and tuberculosis: the state of play. In Tuberculosis. Past and Present. Palfi, G. Dutour, O. Deak, J. & Hutas, I. Budapest and Szeged: Golden Book and Tuberculosis Foundation. 311-322.
- Roberts C.A., Lewis, M.E. & Boocock, P. (1998). Infectious disease, sex and gender: the complexity of it all. In Sex and gender in paleopathological perspective. Grauer, A. & Stuart-Macadam, P. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 93-113.
- Roberts, C.A. (1994). Treponematosis in Gloucester, England: a theoretical and practical approach to the pre-Columbian theory. In L'origine de la syphilis en Europe avant ou après 1493 ? = The origin of syphilis in Europe before or after 1493? actes du colloque international de Toulon, 25-28 Novembre 1993. Dutour, O. Palfi, G., Berato, J. & Brun J-P. Toulon, France.: Centre Archeologique du Var, Editions Errance. 101-108.
- Redfern, R. & Roberts, C.A. (2005), Health in Romano-British urban communities: reflections from the cemeteries, Association for Environmental Archaeology Symposium: Papers in honour of Susan Limbrey. Birmingham, England, Oxbow, Birmingham, 115-129.
- Roberts, C.A. & McKinley, J. (2003), A review of trepanations in British antiquity focusing on funerary context to explain their occurrence, in Arnott, R., Finger, S. & Smith, C.U.M. eds, Trepanation. History, discovery, theory. International Colloquium on cranial trepanation in human history. Birmingham University, Swets and Zeitlinger, Birmingham University, 55-78.
- Schultz, M. & Roberts, C.A. (2002), Diagnosis of leprosy from an English later Medieval leprosy hospital using histological analysis, in Roberts, C.A., Lewis, M.E. & Manchester, K. eds, British Archaeological Reports International Series 1054: The past and present of leprosy. Archaeological, historical, palaeopathological and clinical approaches. Proceedings of the International Congress on the Evolution and palaeoepidemiology of the infectious diseases 3 (ICEPID). Bradford University, Archaeopress, Bradford University, 89-110.
- Roberts, C.A. (2002), The antiquity of leprosy in Britain: The skeletal evidence, in Roberts, C.A., Lewis, M.E. & Manchester, K. eds, British Archaeological Reports International Series 1054: The past and present of leprosy. Archaeological, historical, palaeopathological and clinical approaches. International Congress on the Evolution and palaeoepidemiology of the infectious diseases 3 (ICEPID), 26th-31st July 1999. Bradford University, Archaeopress, Bradford University, 213-222.
- Roberts, C.A. (2002), Tuberculosis:a multidisciplinary approach to past and current concepts, causes and treatment of this infectious disease, in Baker, P. A. & Carr, G. eds, Practitioners, practices and patients. New approaches to medical archaeology and anthropology. Magdalene College, Cambridge University, Oxbow, Magdalene College, Cambridge University, 30-46.
- Roberts, C.A. (2001), Health and disease in past British populations, prehistory to the later Medieval period: some perspectives on the evidence and its problems, in Schultz, M. eds, 4th Kongress der Gesellschaft fur Anthropologie. Potsdam, Germany, Cuvillier Verlag, Potsdam, 414-422.
- Janaway, R.C., Wilson, A.S., Caffell, A.C. & Roberts, C.A (2001), Human skeletal collections: the responsibilities of project managers, physical anthropologists and conservators, and the need for standardized condition assessment, in Williams, E. eds, 934: Human remains. Conservation, retrieval and analysis. Williamsburg, Virginia, USA, Archaeopress, Williamsburg VA, 199-208.
- Caffell, A.C., Roberts, C.A., Janaway, R.C. & Wilson, A.S. (2001), Pressures on osteological collections: the importance of damage limitation, in Williams, E. eds, 934: Human remains. Conservation, retrieval and analysis. Williamsburg, Virginia, USA, Archaeopress, Williamsburg VA, 187-197.
- Buikstra, JE & Roberts, CA (2012). The Global History of Paleopathology: Pioneers and Prospects. Oxford University Press.
- Roberts, C.A., Lewis, M.E., Manchester, K. & International Congress on the Evolution and Palaeoepidemiology of the Infectious Diseases (ICEPID) (3rd 1999 University of Bradford, England) (2002). The past and present of leprosy: Archaeological, historical, palaeopathological and clinical approaches: Proceedings of the International Congress on the Evolution and palaeoepidemiology of the infectious diseases (ICEPID)3rd: University of Bradford, 26th-31st July 1999. British Archaeological Reports. International Series. Oxford: Archaeopress.
- Roberts, CA, Lee, F & Bintliff, J (1989). Burial archaeology. Current research, methods and developments. British Series 211. British Archaeological Reports.
- Roberts, C.A. (2007). International Journal of Osteoarchaeology. Special Volume (Symposium in Honour of Aidan and Eve Cockburn, Durham University, 2004). International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 17 (4): John Wiley.
- Roberts, C. A., Caffell, A., Filipek-Ogden, K., Gowland, R. L. & Jakob, T. (2016). ‘Til Poison Phosphorous Brought them Death’ A potentially occupationally-related disease in a post-medieval skeleton from north-east England. International Journal of Paleopathology 13: 39-48.
- Müller, R., Roberts, C.A. & Brown, T.A. (2016). Complications in the study of ancient tuberculosis: Presence of environmental bacteria in human archaeological remains. Journal of Archaeological Science 68: 5-11.
- Sparacello, VS, Roberts, CA, Canci, A, Moggi-Cecci, J & March, D (2016). Insights on the paleoepidemiology of ancient tuberculosis from thestructural analysis of postcranial remains from the Ligurian Neolithic(northwestern Italy). International J Paleopathology 15: 50-64.
- Bradbury, J., Davies, D., Jay, M., Philip, G., Roberts, C. A. & Scarre, C. (2016). Making the Dead Visible: Problems and solutions for "big" picture approaches to the past, and dealing with large "mortuary" datasets. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 23(2): 561-591.
- Roberts, C.A. (2016). Palaeopathology and its relevance to understanding health and disease today: the impact of the environment on health, past and present. Anthropological Review 79(1): 1-16.
- Müller, R., Roberts, C.A. & Brown, T.A. (2015). Complications in the study of ancient tuberculosis: non-specificity of IS6110 PCRs. Science and Technology of Archaeological Research 1(1): STAR2014112054892314Y.0000000002, 1-8.
- Mant, M. & Roberts, C.A. (2015). Diet and dental caries in post-medieval London. International Journal of Historical Archaeology 19(1): 188-207.
- Plomp, K.A., Roberts, C.A. & Strand Viðarsdόttir, U. (2015). Does the correlation between Schmorl’s nodes and vertebral morphology extend into the lumbar spine?. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 157(3): 526-534.
- Plomp, K.A., Roberts, C.A. & Strand Viðarsdόttir, U. (2015). Morphological Characteristics of Healthy and Osteoarthritic Joint Surfaces in Archaeological Skeletons. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 25(4): 515-527.
- Roberts, C.A. (2015). Old World tuberculosis: evidence from human remains with a review of current research and future prospects. Tuberculosis 95(Supplement 1): S117-S121.
- Roberts, C.A. & Bernard, M-C. (2015). Tuberculosis: a biosocial study of admissions to a children’s sanatorium (1936-1954) in Stannington, Northumberland, England. Tuberculosis 95(Supplement 1): S105-S108.
- Müller, R., Roberts, C.A. & Brown, T.A. (2014). Biomolecular identification of ancient Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex DNA in human remains from Britain and continental Europe. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 153(2): 178-189.
- Binder, M. & Roberts, C.A. (2014). Calcified structures associated with human skeletal remains: Possible atherosclerosis affecting the population buried at Amara West, Sudan (1300–800 BC). International Journal of Paleopathology 6: 20-29.
- Müller, R., Roberts, C.A. & Brown, T.A. (2014). Genotyping of ancient Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains reveals historic genetic diversity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 281(1781): 20133236.
- Binder, M., Roberts, C., Spencer, N., Antoine, D. & Cartwright, C. (2014). On the Antiquity of Cancer: Evidence for Metastatic Carcinoma in a Young Man from Ancient Nubia (c. 1200BC). PLOS One 9(3): 90924.
- Rubini, M., Zaio, P. & Roberts, C.A. (2014). Tuberculosis and leprosy in Italy. New skeletal evidence. Homo: Journal of Comparative Human Biology 65(1): 13-32.
- Rissech, C., Roberts, C.A., Tomás-Batlle, X., Tomás-Gimeno, X., Fuller, B., Fernandez, P.L. & Botella, M. (2013). A Roman Skeleton with Possible Treponematosis in the North-East of the Iberian Peninsula: A Morphological and Radiological Study. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 23(6): 651-663.
- Roberts, C.A., Millard, A.R., Nowell, G.M., Gröcke, D., Macpherson, C., Pearson, G. & Evans, D.H. (2013). Isotopic tracing of the impact of mobility on infectious disease: The origin of people with treponematosis buried in hull, England, in the late medieval period. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 150(2): 273-285.
- Groves, S.E., Roberts, C.A., Lucy, S., Pearson, G., Gröcke, D.R., Nowell, G., Macpherson, C.G. & Young, G. (2013). Mobility histories of 7th-9th century AD people buried at Early Medieval Bamburgh, Northumberland, England. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 151(3): 462-476.
- Grimoud,AM, Roberts, CA, Sevin, A, Passarius, O, Lucas, S & Crubezy, E (2012). A new topographic representation of dental characteristics: application to dental wear in medieval skeletal remains. Archives of Oral Biology 57(6): 841-852.
- Assis, S, Santos, AL & Roberts, CA (2012). Does hypertrophic osteoarthropathy help in the diagnosis of pulmonary diseases: evidence from the Coimbra Skeletal Identified Collection. International Journal of Paleopathology 1(3-4): 155-163.
- Bouwman, AS, Kennedy, SL, Muller, R, Stephens, RH, Holst, M, Caffell, AC, Roberts, CA & Brown, TA (2012). Genotype of a historic strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109(45): 18511-18516.
- Plomp,KA, Roberts,CA & Strand Vidarsdottir, U (2012). Vertebral Morphology Influences the Development of Schmorl’s Nodes in the Lower Thoracic Vertebrae. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 149: 572-582.
- Roberts, C.A. & Mays, S. (2011). Study and restudy of curated skeletal collections in bioarchaeology: a perspective on the UK and the implications for future curation of human remains. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 21(5): 626-630.
- Roberts, C.A. (2010). Adaptation of populations to changing environments: Bioarchaeological perspectives on health for the past, present and future. Bulletins et Mémoires de la Société d'Anthropologie de Paris 22(1-2): 38-46.
- Wilbur, AK., Bouwman, AS., Stone, AC. Roberts, CA., Pfister, L. Buikstra, JE. & Brown, TA. (2009). Deficiencies and challenges in the study of ancient tuberculosis DNA. J Archaeological Science 36(9): 1990-1997.
- Roberts, CA., Pfister, L. & Mays, S. (2009). Letter to the editor. Was tuberculosis present in Homo erectus in Turkey?. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 139(3): 442-444.
- Redman, J.E., Shaw, M.J., Mallet, A.I., Santos, A.L., Roberts, C.A., Gernaey, A.M. & Minnikin, D.E. (2009). Mycocerosic acid biomarkers for the diagnosis of tuberculosis in the Coimbra skeletal collection. Tuberculosis 89(4): 267-277.
- Park, V., Roberts, CA. & Jakob, T. (2009). Palaeopathology in Britain: a critical analysis of publications with the aim of exploring recent trends (1997-2006). International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 19: 1-11.
- Stone, A.C., Wilbur, A.K., Buikstra, J.E. & Roberts, C.A. (2009). Tuberculosis and leprosy in perspective. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 140(Supplement 49): 66-94.
- Jurmain, R. & Roberts, C.A. (2008). Juggling the evidence: the purported 'acrobat' from Tell Brak. Antiquity 82(318).
- Roberts, C.A. & Ingham, S. (2008). Using ancient DNA analysis in palaeopathology: a critical analysis of published papers with recommendations for future work. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 18(6): 600-613.
- Roberts, C.A. (2007). A bioarchaeological study of maxillary sinusitis. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 133(2): 792-807.
- Roberts, C.A., Powell, M.L. & Buikstra, J.E. (2007). Preface. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 17(4): 327-336.
- Santos, A.L. & Roberts, C.A. (2006). Anatomy of a serial killer: differential diagnosis of tuberculosis based on rib lesions of adult individuals from the Coimbra Identified Skeletal Collection,Portugal. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 130(1): 38-49.
- Djuric, M.P., Roberts, C.A. , Rakocevic, Z.B., Djonic, D.D. & Lesic, A. (2006). Fractures in late Medieval skeletal populations from Serbia. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 130(2): 167-178.
- Von Hunnius, T., Roberts, C.A., Saunders S. & Boylston, A. (2006). Histological identification of syphilis in pre-Columbian England. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 129(4): 559-566.
- Montgomery, J., Evans, J., Powlesland, D. & Roberts, C.A. (2005). Continuity or colonization in Anglo-Saxon England? Isotope evidence for mobility, subsistence practice, and status at West Heslerton. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 126(2): 123-138.
- Millard, A.R., Roberts, C.A. & Hughes, S.S. (2005). Isotopic evidence for migration in Medieval England: the potential for tracking the introduction of disease. Society, Biology and Human Affairs 70: 9-13.
- Roberts, C. A., Knusel, C. & Race, L. (2004). A foot deformity from a Romano-British cemetery at Gloucester, England and the current evidence for Talipes in palaeopathology. International Journal for Osteoarchaeology 14(5): 389-403.
- Budd, P., Millard, A., Chenery, C., Lucy, S. & Roberts, C. (2004). Investigating population movement by stable isotope analysis: a report from Britain. Antiquity 78(299): 127-141.
- Groves, S., Roberts, C.A., Johnstone, C., Hall, R. & Dobney, K. (2003). A high status burial from Ripon Cathedral, North Yorkshire, England: differential diagnosis of a chest deformity. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 13(6): 358-368.
- Byers, S. & Roberts, C.A. (2003). Bayes' theorem in palaeopathological diagnosis. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 121(1): 1-9.
- Roberts, C.A. (2003). Bees in my bonnet:reflections on biological anthropology in the UK. Archaeological Review from Cambridge 16(2): 96-116.
- Roberts, C.A. (2002). Tuberculosis in Britain: its history and palaeoepidemiology. Antropologia Portuguesa 19: 101-119.
- Santos, A.L. & Roberts, C.A. (2001). A picture of tuberculosis in young Portuguese people in the early 20th century: A multidisciplinary study of the skeletal and historical evidence. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 115(1): 38-49.
- Roberts, C.A. & Grauer, A.L. (2001). Commentary: Bones, bodies and representivity in the archaeological record. International Journal of Epidemiology 30(1): 109-110.
- Dixon, R. & Roberts, C.A. (2001). Modern and ancient scourges:the application of ancient DNA to the analysis of tuberculosis and leprosy from archaeologically derived human remains. Ancient Biomolecules 3(3): 181-193.
- Gernaey, A., Minnikin, D., Copley, M., Dixon, R., Middleton, J. & Roberts, C.A. (2001). Mycolic acids and ancient DNA confirm an osteological diagnosis of tuberculosis. Tuberculosis 81(4): 259-265.
- Djuric-Srejic, M. & Roberts, C.A. (2001). Palaeopathological evidence of infectious disease in skeletal populations from later medieval Serbia. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 11(5): 311-320.
- Boylston, A., Knusel, C., Roberts, C.A. & Dawson, M. (2000). Investigation of a Romano-British rural ritual in Bedford, England. Journal of Archaeological Science 27(3): 241-254.
- Judd, M. & Roberts, C.A. (1999). Fracture trauma in a Medieval British farming village. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 109(2): 229-243.
- Ackroyd, R.G., Lucy, D. Pollard, A.M. & Roberts, C.A. (1999). Nasty, brutish, but not necessarily short: A reconsideration of the statistical methods used to calculate age at death from adult human and dental age indicators. American Antiquity 64(1): 55-70.
- Judd, M.A. & Roberts, C.A. (1998). Fracture patterns at the medieval leper hospital in Chichester. American journal of physical anthropology 105(1): 43-55.
- Roberts, C.A., Boylston, A., Buckley, L., Chamberlain, A. & Murphy, E. (1998). Rib lesions and tuberculosis: the palaeopathological evidence. Tubercle and Lung Disease 79(1): 55-60.
- Ribot, I. & Roberts, C.A. (1996). A study of non-specific stress indicators and skeletal growth in two Medieval subadult populations. Journal of Archaeological Science 23: 67-79.
- Knusel, C., Roberts, C. & Boylston, A. (1996). Brief communication When Adam delved an activity-related lesion in three human skeletal populations. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 100(427-434): 427-434.
- Grauer, A. & Roberts, C. A. (1996). Palaeoepidemiology, healing and possible treatment of trauma in the Medieval cemetery population of St. Helen-on-the-Walls, York, England. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 100(4): 531-544.
- Lewis, M., Roberts, C.A. & Manchester, K. (1995). A comparative study of the prevalence of maxillary sinusitis in Medieval urban and rural populations in Northern England. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 98(4): 497-506.
- Boocock, P., Roberts, C. & Manchester, K. (1995). Maxillary sinusitis in Medieval Chichester, England. American journal of physical anthropology 98(4): 483-495.
- Roberts, C., Lucy, D. & Manchester, K. (1994). Inflammatory lesions of ribs: an analysis of the Terry Collection. American journal of physical anthropology 95(2): 169-182.
- Roberts, CA (2013). Human remains: should we study them? Young Archaeologist 156: 8-9.
- McCarrison, K & Roberts CA (2016). Skeleton Science. Archaeology for the older generation.
- McCarrison, K & Roberts, CA (2014). Skeleton Science. Teacher’s Resource Pack.
- Roberts, CA, Alves Cardoso, F, Bernofsky, K, Henderson, C, Jakob T, Plomp, K, Ponce, P, Sharman, J & Spencer, R (2012). Palaeopathology: studying the origin, evolution and frequency of disease in human remains from archaeological sites.
- 2014: COFUND Round 4, European Commission, £81,311
- 2014: Wadsworth International Fellowship Renewal, £6665
- 2013: Natural Environmental Research Council (Palaeopopulation genomics of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Co-I with Terry Brown, Manchester University) - total £486,419 (£44,500 to Durham)
- 2013: Renewal of Wadsworth Fellowship, Wenner Gren Foundation, £5845 (for Elina Petersone-Gordina)
- 2012: Templeton Foundation (The invisible dead). PI Chris Scarre; Co-Leader with Graham Philip (£211-539)
- 2011: Durham International Fellowships for Research and Enterprise - DIFeREns (£83406.97 from European Commission)
- 2011: Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art, Oxford: NERC Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Dating Service (£13,110) – Biomolecular archaeology of ancient TB
- 2009: Leverhulme Trust: Health and diet in ancient Nubia through political and climate change (Co-I with Neal Spencer, British Museum); £52,066 for tied studentship at Durham plus FEC costs as Co-I
- 2008: British Aacdemy (Indigenous or incomers. A mobility study of people with pre-Columbian venereal syphilis at Hull Magistrates Court) - PI with Co-Is Dr Andrew Millard and Professor Graham Pearson (£2765)
- 2008: Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Dating Service Programme - six dates for Bamburgh Castle Project)
- 2007: Natural Environmental Research Council (Biomolecular archaeology of tuberculosis in ancient Britain and Europe) – Co-PI with Terry Brown, Manchester University (£211,427 – FEC - to Durham for tied PhD studentship and postdoctoral research associate, and research costs)
- 2005: Arts and Humanities Research Council (The Bamburgh Bowl-Hole Anglian cemetery: a contextual study) - PI with Co-Is Sam Lucy and Graham Pearson (£220,563 – for postdoctoral research associate, and research costs)
- 2015: Collaborative Doctoral Award: The impact of sociocultural and environmental change on air quality and respiratory health in the 4th Cataract Sudan: a bioarchaeological perspective (£3500.00 from The British Museum)
- 2014: 2 year Junior Research Fellowship, Cofund Round 4, European Commission; for Vitale Sparacello
- 2013: Palaeopopulation genomics of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (£44515.07 from NERC - Natural Environment Research Council)
- 2013: Renewal of Wadsworth Fellowship, Wenner Gren Foundation, £5845 (for Elina Petersone-Gordina)