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Department of Archaeology


Ms Anouk Lafortune-Bernard

Contact Ms Anouk Lafortune-Bernard


After finishing my BA in Archaeology at Durham University, I was among the first cohort to graduate from the Department new MA in International Cultural Heritage Management (ICHM) in 2014. My research interest back then was already centred around South Asian heritage and I participated in various field projects in Nepal as part of both my undergraduate and masters’ dissertations.

I then left Durham to join a Masters course in Tourism Management at Natural and Cultural Heritage Sites, at the University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, only to return to Durham to start my doctoral research in 2016.

Research Topic

Mastering the Master Plan at the World Heritage Site of Lumbini (Nepal): An evaluation of the economic and social impacts of the site development on local communities.


The aim of this thesis is to examine the development of Lumbini World Heritage Site since the late 1970s and assess its social and economic impact on local communities. Using a broad framework combining indicators from multiple ‘toolkits’, this evaluation will be based on a variety of sources, including first-hand data collected through surveys and interviews with different local stakeholders. The conclusions of this research will be used to provide recommendations for the Government of Nepal and UNESCO to strengthen the economic and social benefits for local communities in the next phases of development while also preserving the archaeological remains and their cultural and religious significance at both local and international level.


(2016-Present) AHRC Northern Bridge Doctoral Scholarship

Conference/Workshop Contributions

2015: “Archaeological Sites as Tourism Destinations: a Case study from the Nepali Terai” Presented at: Third Annual Allchin Symposium on South Asian Archaeology, 4th-6th December 2015, Durham University.

2015: “Social and Economic Impact of World Heritage: Lumbini World Heritage Site as a Case Study”. Presented at: IAS Workshop: Revisiting Durham’s World Heritage, 12th March 2015, Senate Room, Durham Castle.

Is supervised by