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Durham University

Department of Archaeology


Publication details for Dr Andrew R Millard

Cavazzuti, Claudio, Cardarelli, Andrea, Quondam, Francesco, Salzani, Luciano, Ferrante, Marco, Nisi, Stefano, Millard, Andrew R. & Skeates, Robin (2019). Mobile elites at Frattesina: flows of people in a Late Bronze Age “port of trade” in Northern Italy investigated through strontium isotope analysis. Antiquity 93(369): 624-644.

Author(s) from Durham


Following a mid twelfth-century BC demographic crisis, Frattesina, in northern Italy, arose as a prominent hub linking continental Europe and the Mediterranean, as evidenced by the remarkable variety of exotic materials and commodities discovered at the site. Debate persists, however, about the extent to which migrants influenced the foundation and development of Frattesina. The authors present the results of strontium isotope analyses, which suggest significant migration to the site, particularly of elites, mostly from within a 50km radius. Among these non-indigenous people, the authors identify a ‘warrior-chief’, whom they interpret as representing a new, more hierarchical society.