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Durham University

Zurbarán Centre for Spanish and Latin American Art

Civilizations as Cultural Encounters


Civilizations as Cultural Encounters

Led by Angela Brandâo, UNIFESP, and Stefano Cracolici, Durham University

Civilization has been prominent in public discourse, on and off, throughout the last two centuries, and once again in recent years. In the United States and Europe, civilization is often viewed in the singular. It typically refers to an all-embracing vision of the West, based on the ascendancy and affirmation of Western reason. Nineteenth century imperialism was strongly informed by this view; and so is, today, much neo-liberal writings on economic globalization. But what happens to this ready-made formula if we place our focus on Brazil across the colonial and imperial times?


ENGLISH

The main goal of the project is the development of a collaborative framework to study the classical reception as a transnational civilizational encounter. We intend to frame our civilizational analysis within the field of the history of art and architecture, focussing primarily on the cultural production of Britain, Italy and Brazil during the long nineteenth century. During this period, new matrices of cultural, social, political, scientific and economic nature forged new symbolic images of the world, fostered by the rise of modernity, the increased secularisation of society, the emergence of liberalism, the progress of technology, and the success of the capitalist model. The visual arts became the field in which these symbolic images found their most iconic expression. Our starting point will be the re-evaluation of landmark historiographical categories such as the Gothic, Renaissance, Classicism, Baroque, Romanticism and the scholarly traditions subtending their study, paying special attentions to cultural phenomena such as imitation, adaptation, emulation, exploitation, reception and revival as artistic practices. Our discussions will always be informed by a careful scrutiny of material sources. Special attention will be given to the practices of cultural transfer and eclectic antiquarianism. Our final goal would be to ponder the ways in which the transnational implications of these civilizational encounters could help us revise the nationalistic narratives still featured, predominantly and stereotypically, in current cultural diplomatic exchanges.

PORTUGUÊS

O objetivo principal do projeto é o desenvolvimento de um quadro colaborativo para estudar o Recepção clássica como um encontro civilizacional transnacional. Pretendemos enquadrar nossa análise civilizatória no campo da história da arte e da arquitetura, focalizando principalmente a produção cultural da Grã-Bretanha, Italia e do Brasil durante o longo século XIX. Durante este período, novas matrizes de natureza cultural, social, política, científica e econômica forjaram novas imagens simbólicas do mundo, fomentadas pelo surgimento da modernidade, o aumento da secularização da sociedade, o surgimento do liberalismo, o progresso da tecnologia e o sucesso do modelo capitalista. As artes visuais tornaram-se o campo em que essas imagens simbólicas encontraram sua expressão mais emblemática. Nosso ponto de partida será a reavaliação de categorias historiográficas de referência, como como o gótico, o renascimento, o classicismo, o barroco, o romantismo e os estudiosos as tradições subentendem seu estudo, prestando atenção especial aos fenômenos culturais, como como imitação, adaptação, emulação, exploração, recepção e avivamento como artístico práticas. Nossas discussões serão sempre informadas por um minucioso exame de fontes materiais. Será dada especial atenção às práticas de transferência cultural e eclética. Nosso objetivo final é refletir sobre as formas em que as implicações transnacionais desses encontros civilizatórios poderiam nos ajudar a revisar as narrativas nacionalistas ainda apresentadas, predominantemente e estereotipadamente, nas trocas diplomáticas culturais atuais.

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