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Institute of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (IMEMS)

Staff and Governance

To contact the IMEMS administrative office please use the following details:

For the Administrator (maternity cover)


T: 0191 334 6574

For the Administrative Assistant


T: 0191 334 42974


Associate Director (World Heritage): Professor Robin Coningham - view profile

Associate Director: Professor Barbara Ravelhofer - view profile

Core Staff

The day-to-day running of IMEMS is the responsibility of the Core Executive Committee, comprising the Director and Associate Directors and the Administrator. 

Publication details

Dimova-Cookson, Maria (2005). 'Internalism and Externalism in Ethics Applied to the Liberal-Communitarian Debate'. British Journal of Politics and International Relations 7(1): 18-28.

Author(s) from Durham


This article addresses the question of whether we can explain moral action in terms of an attraction to a moral ideal. It defends T. H. Green's internalist ethics against John Skorupski's externalist claim that moral ideals are optional whereas moral duties are not. A parallel is drawn between the Internalism and Externalism debate in ethics and the liberal-communitarian debate in political theory. My defence of Internalism offers new arguments in support of communitarian approaches to the nature of moral action. Green's internalist ethics provides the communitarian discourse with the universalist moral dimension it traditionally lacks.


Dimova-Cookson, M. (2000) ‘T. H. Green and justifying human rights’, Collingwood and British Idealism
Studies, VII, 98–115.
Gaus, G. F. (2005) ‘Green’s rights recognition thesis and moral internalism’, British Journal of Politics and
International Relations, 7:1, 5–17.
Green, T. H. (1890) Prolegomena to Ethics (Oxford: Clarendon Press).
Green, T. H. (1986) Lectures on Principles of Political Obligation, in P. Harris and J. Morrow (eds), Lectures on
Principles of Political Obligation and Other Writings (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
MacIntyre, A. (1985) After Virtue (Guildford and King’s Lynn: Duckworth).
Martin, R. (2001) ‘T. H. Green on individual rights and the common good’, in A. Simhony and D. Weinstein
(eds), The New Liberalism: Reconciling Liberty and Community (Cambridge: Cambridge University
Ross, W. D. (1930) The Right and the Good (Oxford: Clarendon Press).
Simhony, A. (2001) ‘T. H. Green’s complex common good: between liberalism and communitarianism’,
in A. Simhony and D. Weinstein (eds), The New Liberalism: Reconciling Liberty and Community
(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
Skorupski, J. (forthcoming) ‘Green and the Idealist conception of a person’s good’, in M. Dimova-
Cookson and W. Mander (eds), T. H. Green: Ethics, Metaphysics and Political Philosophy (Oxford: Oxford
University Press).

Full Executive Committee

Our Full Executive Committee is made up of the Core Executive Committee, listed above, plus a number of executive members including:

International Advisory Board

We are extremely fortunate to have be able to call on the help and guidance of colleagues from around the world who help to shape and guide our direction, strategy and international reach. Our current Advisory Board members are: