Staff and Governance
The day-to-day running of IMEMS is the responsibility of the Core Executive Committee, comprising the Director and Associate Directors and the Administrator.
Publication details for Dr Andrew R MillardMillard, A.R., Montgomery, J, Trickett, M, Beaumont, J, Evans, J & Chenery, S (2014). Childhood lead exposure in the British Isles during the industrial revolution. In Modern Environments and Human Health: Revisiting the Second Epidemiological Transition. Zuckerman, M Wiley-Blackwell. 279-300.
- Publication type: Chapter in book
- ISSN/ISBN: 9781118504208
- Further publication details on publisher web site
- Durham Research Online (DRO) - may include full text
Author(s) from Durham
Man-made toxin exposure is one of the defining characteristics of the second epidemiological transition. Our analysis of previous data shows that lead levels in tooth enamel above 0.87 ppm are characteristic of exposure to anthropogenic lead. In British prehistoric and Early Medieval populations very low lead concentrations have been observed, but Roman, later Medieval and Post-medieval populations show much higher levels, up to 90 ppm. Our measurements of lead concentrations within the tooth enamel of four 17th and 18th century populations from Coventry and London show no detectable association between lead exposure and cribra orbitalia (as a possible indicator of anaemia caused by plumbism), but do show population differences which we attribute to lower exposure of poor and rural people compared to rich and urban people. No differences in lead exposure by sex were found. Lead isotope ratios indicate that coal smoke was not a major contributor to lead exposure, but that ingested lead from artefacts is the most likely source. We show that the lead to which people were exposed in the post-medieval period has a similar average isotope ratio to that in the Roman period, but differs from early and later medieval periods.
Full Executive Committee
Our Full Executive Committee is made up of the Core Executive Committee, listed above, plus a number of executive members including:
International Advisory Board
We are extremely fortunate to have be able to call on the help and guidance of colleagues from around the world who help to shape and guide our direction, strategy and international reach. Our current Advisory Board members are: