Staff and Governance
To contact the IMEMS administrative office please use the following details:
For the Administrator (maternity cover)
T: 0191 334 6574
For the Administrative Assistant
T: 0191 334 42974
The day-to-day running of IMEMS is the responsibility of the Core Executive Committee, comprising the Director and Associate Directors and the Administrator.
Dr Patrick Gray, BA (UNC), MLitt (Oxon), PhD (Yale)
(email at firstname.lastname@example.org)
I graduated from Yale in 2011 with a Ph.D. in English and Renaissance Studies, after studying at Oxford, the Sorbonne, and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. I arrived at Durham in 2013, after a year teaching comparative literature at the United States Military Academy at West Point, as well as a semester as a Visiting Professor at Deep Springs College, teaching Shakespeare and the history of aesthetics. While finishing my doctoral work at Yale, I taught Shakespeare, classics, and intellectual history at Providence College. At Durham, I am co-convenor of the lecture series "Introduction to Drama" and sole convenor of a seminar, "Shakespeare's History Plays," a special topic, "Shakespeare's Problem Plays," and two postgraduate seminars, "Shakespeare in Context" and "Lyric Poetry of the English Renaissance and Reformation." In the spring of 2016, I was Early Career International Research Fellow at the Australian Research Council Centre for the History of Emotions, 1100-1800.
If you are interested in doctoral supervision, please contact me directly by email at email@example.com. I am currently supervising doctoral theses on Shakepeare, femininity, and forgiveness; Shakespeare's Roman plays, English history plays, and trauma theory; Shakespeare, Rabelais, and Bakhtin; the early modern reception of medieval romance; and metatheatre in early modern English drama. I am interested in projects that consider any aspect of classical reception, Continental influences, intellectual history, theology, philosophy, ethics, political theory, aesthetics, and/or literary history in early modern English literature, including poetry and prose, as well as drama. I am the Northern Bridge Subject Area Academic Contact for Drama and Theatre Studies at Durham University, and I am happy to field questions about funding for doctoral study, as well as other aspects of the application process.
My current project is a monograph: Shame and Guilt in Shakespeare. Freud defines guilt as anxiety (Angst): a fear of retaliation which limits antisocial behaviour. Shame as he sees it is fear of external punishment, and guilt is shame turned inward: intrapsychic, pre-emptive self-punishment designed to ward off temptation. As it turns out, however, this account has not stood up to scrutiny. More recent research in psychiatry has found that the key to understanding the difference between these emotions is not relative degrees of internalization but instead a tension between individual agency and social embeddedness. Shame comes from being hurt; guilt, from hurting others. Shame reflects weakness; guilt, strength, albeit strength misused. In keeping with these findings, as well as work in anthropology, classicists over the past century have revisited and revised the controversial, influential concept of a distinction between “shame culture” and “guilt culture,” abandoning earlier, now-discredited Freudian premises. Instead, they now tend to align these conceptual categories, even if at times only implicitly, with the contrast Nietzsche draws between “master” and “slave” morality. Nietzsche’s account of the rise of Christianity in his Genealogy of Morals has in effect displaced Freud’s story of the emergence of conscience in Civilization and its Discontents as the most pervasive model of a historical transition from a barbaric past to a civilized present: the moral revolution Nietzsche describes as a “slave revolt.” In Shame and Guilt in Shakespeare, I argue that Shakespeare sees the history of ethics in a similar light. Like Nietzsche, Shakespeare is fascinated by the historical rivalry between two incompatible moral paradigms, one emergent, the other obsolescent: the incremental, slow-burning paradigm shift Norbert Elias describes as “the civilizing process.” Over time, Shakespeare suggests, ambition for what he calls “honour” cedes pride of place to a rival imperative: “pity.” Characters such as Othello, Macbeth, and Hamlet can be understood as torn between these two very different value-systems. One is Roman, medieval, and aristocratic; the other, modern, Christian, and democratic.
- Early Career International Research Fellow, Australian Research Council Centre for the History of Emotions, 1100-1800
Indicators of Esteem
- 2012: Visiting Professor, Deep Springs College:
- 2012: Visiting Scholar, NEH Summer Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill:
- Renaissance Literature
- Classical Reception
- Genre Theory
- Intellectual History
- History of Emotions
- Gray, Patrick (Forthcoming). Cedric C. Brown, Friendship and its Discourses in the Seventeenth Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016. Journal of the Northern Renaissance
- Gray, Patrick (Forthcoming). Rhodri Lewis, Hamlet and the Vision of Darkness. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2017. Review of English Studies
- Gray, Patrick (2017). Mathew R. Martin. Tragedy and Trauma in the Plays of Christopher Marlowe. Farnham and Burlington: Ashgate Publishing Ltd, 2015. The Marlowe Society of America Newsletter 35(2): 5-7.
Chapter in book
- Gray, Patrick (Forthcoming). Christian Poetry and the Problem of the Sublime: Donne, Herbert, and the Representation of Christ's Passion. In Enthralled and Cross-Biased: New Essays on the Poetry and Prose of John Donne and George Herbert. Hillier, Russell & Reeder, Robert
- Gray, Patrick (Forthcoming). The Logic of the Preemptive Strike: Justice, War, and the Thucydides Trap in Ancient Greek and Roman Literature. In Just War Theory in Literature: Facts and Fictions. Quabeck, Franziska Palgrave Macmillan.
- Gray, Patrick & Clifford, Helen (2019). Shakespeare, William. In Encyclopedia of Renaissance Philosophy. Sgarbi, Marco Springer.
- Gray, Patrick (2018). Choosing Between Shame and Guilt: Macbeth, Othello, Hamlet, Lear. In Shakespeare and the Soliloquy in Early Modern English Drama. Cousins, A. D. & Derrin, Daniel Cambridge University Press.
- Gray, Patrick (2018). Seduced by Romanticism: Re-Imagining Shakespearean Catharsis. In Routledge Companion to Shakespeare and Philosophy. Bourne, Craig & Bourne, Emily Caddick Routledge.
- Gray, Patrick (2017). Shakespeare et la reconnaissance: l'Anerkennung comme interpellation intersubjective. In Shakespeare au risque de la philosophie. Drouet, Pascale & Grosos, Philippe Paris: Éditions Hermann. 159-82.
- Gray, Patrick (2016). Shakespeare vs. Seneca: Competing Visions of Human Dignity. In Brill's Companion to the Reception of Senecan Tragedy: Scholarly, Theatrical and Literary Receptions. Dodson-Robinson, Eric A. Leiden Boston: Brill. 203-230.
- Gray, Patrick (2014). "HIDE THY SELFE": Hamlet, Montaigne, and Epicurean Ethics. In Shakespeare and Renaissance Ethics. Gray, Patrick & Cox, John D. Cambridge University Press.
- Gray, Patrick & Cox, John D. (2014). Introduction: Rethinking Shakespeare and Ethics. In Shakespeare and Renaissance Ethics. Gray, Patrick & Cox, John D. Cambridge University Press.
- Gray, Patrick (2007). Faith and Doubt: An Alternative Dialectic. In In(ter)discipline: New Languages for Criticism. Beer, Gillian, Bowie, Malcolm & Perry, Beatrice Legenda. 174-87.
- Gray, Patrick & Cox, John D. (2014). Shakespeare and Renaissance Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
- Gray, Patrick. (2018). Shakespeare and War. Critical Survey.
- Gray, Patrick (2018). Shakespeare and War: Honor at the Stake. Critical Survey
- Gray, Patrick (2018). Shakespeare vs. Aristotle: Anagnorisis, Repentance, and Acknowledgment. Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies
- Gray, Patrick & Samely, Maurice (2017). Shakespeare and Henri Lefebvre's 'Right to the City': Subjective Alienation and Mob Violence in Coriolanus, Julius Caesar, and 2 Henry VI. Textual Practice
- Gray, Patrick (2016). Caesar as Comic Antichrist: Shakespeare's Julius Caesar and the Medieval English Stage Tyrant. Comparative Drama 50.
- Gray, Patrick (2016). Shakespeare and the Other Virgil: Pity and Imperium in Titus Andronicus. Shakespeare Survey 69: 30-45.
- Gray, Patrick (2016). The Compassionate Stoic: Brutus as Accidental Hero. Shakespeare Jahrbuch 152.
- Gray, Patrick (2011). Shakespeare’s Vampire: Hubris in Coriolanus, Meyer’s Twilight, and Stoker’s Dracula. Les Cahiers Shakespeare en devenir 5.
- Gray, Patrick (2018). Shakespeare and the Fall of the Roman Republic: Selfhood, Stoicism, and Civil War. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
- Gray, Patrick (2017), Literature vs. Propaganda: Ambiguity and the Catharsis of Doubt, Outside the Frame of Theory. Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg.
- Gray, Patrick (2017), The Enchanted Palace: Form and Content in Ariosto’s Orlando Furioso, Poetics Before Modernity. Centre for Research in the Arts, Social Sciences, and Humanities (CRASSH), Cambridge University.
- Gray, Patrick (2017), The Logic of the Preemptive Strike: Justice, War, and the Thucydides Trap in Ancient Greek and Roman Literature, Just War Theory in Literature: Facts and Fictions. Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster.
- Gray, Patrick (2017), What is Iago? Shakespeare and Spenser on Imagination and the Demonic, For the seminar, 'Afterlives of Medieval Drama,' led by Katherine Goodland Shakespeare Association of America. Atlanta, Georgia..
- Gray, Patrick (2016), 'Eye to Eye Opposed': Shakespeare and Intersubjective Recognition, Early Modern Literature and Culture Seminar. University of Sydney.
- Gray, Patrick (2016), 'The Eye Sees Not Itself': Shakespeare and Aristotle on Friendship, English and Theatre Studies Seminar. University of Melbourne.
- Gray, Patrick (2016), Caesar as Comic Antichrist: Shakespeare's Julius Caesar and the Medieval English Stage Tyrant (plenary lecture), British Graduate Shakespeare Conference. The Shakespeare Institute.
- Gray, Patrick (2016), Literature vs. Propaganda: Ambiguity and the Catharsis of Doubt, Literary Form and Reform. Fudan University, Shanghai.
- Gray, Patrick (2016), Montaigne, 'On Experience', Department of Philosophy, Deakin University.
- Gray, Patrick (2016), Nietzsche vs. Freud: Shame Culture, Guilt Culture, and the Study of Ancient Greece, Ancient World Seminar. University of Melbourne.
- Gray, Patrick (2016), Re-imagining Shame Culture and Guilt Culture, History of Emotions Seminar. University of Adelaide.
- Gray, Patrick (2016), Re-imagining Shame Culture and Guilt Culture (video), Centre for the History of Emotions, University of Western Australia.
- Gray, Patrick (2016), Renaissance Humanism and the Roman Reception of Hellenistic Philosophy, Afterlives of Hellenistic Ethics. University of Queensland.
- Gray, Patrick (2016), Shakespeare and the Ethics of War: International Relations and the Problem of Honour, Emotions, Ethics, and War. Centre for the History of Emotions, University of Western Australia.
- Gray, Patrick (2016), Shakespeare and the Other Virgil: Pity and Constancy in Coriolanus, Renaissance Colloquium. Harvard University.
- Gray, Patrick (2016), Shakespeare and the Other Virgil, For the seminar, 'Shakespeare, Collaboration, and Co-Creation,' led by Matthias Bauer and Angelika Zirker World Shakespeare Congress. London and Stratford-upon-Avon.
- Gray, Patrick (2016), Shakespeare, Hegel, and the History of Recognition, Shakespeare au Risque de la Philosophie. Centre d'Études Supérieures de Civilisation Médiévale (CESCM), Université de Poitiers.
- Gray, Patrick (2016), Shame and Guilt in Ancient Greece, Classics and Ancient History Research Seminar. University of Sydney.
- Gray, Patrick (2016), What is Iago? Shakespeare on Imagination and the Demonic, History of Emotions Seminar. University of Sydney.
- Gray, Patrick (2015), Eye to Eye Opposed: Shakespeare, Aristotle, and Intersubjective Recognition (plenary lecture), Darkness and Illumination: the Pursuit of Knowledge in the Medieval and Early Modern World. Durham University.
- Gray, Patrick (2015), Montaigne and Bacon’s New Organon: Montaigne’s Essays as a model of induction, For the panel, “Scientific and Philosophical Thought in Stuart England: the Influence of Montaigne’s Essays,” led by Patrick Gray and John O'Brien Renaissance Society of America. Humboldt University, Berlin.
- Gray, Patrick, Loewenstein, David, Stevens, Paul & Quabeck, Franziska (2015), Round table: Shakespeare and the Ethics of War, Shakespeare Association of America. Vancouver, British Columbia.
- Gray, Patrick (2015), Shakespeare, Unruly Emotions, and the Right to the City. For the panel, 'Emotions, Dangers, and Crises in the Metropolis', International Society for Research on Emotion (ISRE). Geneva.
- Gray, Patrick (2014), Milton, "The Passion," and Passibility, Classical Philosophers in Seventeenth-Century English Thought. Centre for Renaissance and Early Modern Studies, University of York.
- Gray, Patrick (2014), Shakespeare's Julius Caesar and the medieval English cycle-play Augustus, For the seminar, 'Julius Caesar,' led by Michael Stapleton and Sarah Scott Shakespeare Association of America. St. Louis, Missouri, St. Louis MO.
- Gray, Patrick (2014), The moral mirror: Shakespeare and Aristotle's theory of friendship, Greek Texts and the Early Modern Stage. Centre for Renaissance and Early Modern Studies, University of York.
- Gray, Patrick (2013), "Eye to eye opposed": Shakespeare's "strange fellow", For the seminar, 'Greek Texts and the Early Modern Stage,' led by Tania Demetriou and Tanya Pollard Shakespeare Association of America. Toronto.
- Gray, Patrick (2013), Seneca's double-edged sword: Roman pragmatism in Erasmus's Praise of Folly and Montaigne's Essays, The Place of Renaissance Humanism in the History of Philosophy. University of Groningen.
- Gray, Patrick (2013), The problem of pity in Shakespeare's Titus Andronicus and Virgil's Aeneid, For the seminar, 'Shakespeare and Classical Mythology: European Perspectives,' led by Charlotte Coffin, Jane Kingsley-Smith, and Agnes Lafont European Shakespeare Research Association. Institut de Recherche sur la Renaissance, l'âge Classique et les Lumières, Montpellier, France.
- Gray, Patrick (2012), "Assays of bias": Hamlet, Montaigne, and Epicurean Ethics, For the seminar, 'Shakespeare and Renaissance Ethics,' led by Robert S. Miola Shakespeare Association of America. Boston MA.
- Gray, Patrick (2012), Constancy and pity in Shakespeare's Coriolanus and Virgil's Aeneid, Virgil and Renaissance Culture. Accademia Nazionale Virgiliana di Scienze Lettere e Arti, Mantua.
- Gray, Patrick (2008), Dialectical criticism: doubt as a "Middle Way" between New Criticism and Deconstruction, Challenging Faith: Intersections of Belief and Doubt in Literature. University of New Hampshire.
Full Executive Committee
Our Full Executive Committee is made up of the Core Executive Committee, listed above, plus a number of executive members including:
International Advisory Board
We are extremely fortunate to have be able to call on the help and guidance of colleagues from around the world who help to shape and guide our direction, strategy and international reach. Our current Advisory Board members are: