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Durham University

Institute of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (IMEMS)


The list below shows Durham University research staff who are members of IMEMS. Click the member's name to see a more detailed biography and department.

We also welcome anyone from outside the University with an interest in our work to join. Membership is free of charge. You will receive invitations to our programme of events, with a weekly emails digest about what is happening in the Insitute and further afield. To join IMEMS contact:

Publication details for Professor Richard Scholar

Scholar, Richard (2013). Epilogue: Co-operations. Seventeenth-Century French Studies 35(2 - Special issue Pascal’s Écrits sur la gràce): 179-86.

Author(s) from Durham


This response to the foregoing essays argues that the essays establish a useful critical distance from which to view the Écrits and that they do so by placing the text in a series of contexts: biographical, textual, doctrinal, sacramental, and institutional. It goes on to suggest that a different kind of context — the intentional context — remains relatively understudied here and to sketch various possibilities and problems that would attend any study of that context for the Écrits.