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Durham University

Institute of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (IMEMS)


The list below shows Durham University research staff who are members of IMEMS. Click the member's name to see a more detailed biography and department.

We also welcome anyone from outside the University with an interest in our work to join. Membership is free of charge. You will receive invitations to our programme of events, with a weekly emails digest about what is happening in the Insitute and further afield. To join IMEMS contact:

Publication details for Professor Richard Hingley

Hingley, Richard (2014). Romanization. In Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology. Smith, Claire (Editor-in-chief) Springer. 6373-6380.

Author(s) from Durham


This entry addresses the changing meanings of the term “Romanization” since the late nineteenth century. For much of the time between the initial introduction of this concept and the 1960s, the process of Romanization appears to have been viewed in an uncritical light by archaeologists and ancient historians. Romanization was often considered to operate as a relatively simple process through which indigenous societies across Italy and the Western Roman Empire became integrated into a civilized community. During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the ancient historians Theodor Mommsen (1817–1903) and Francis Haverfield (1860–1919) defined this concept. In many of the works that resulted from the tradition established by these two authors, Romanization was identified as a fairly simple process of social evolution, which derived its logic from the assumption that social change occurred in all societies from a primitive form to a civilized way of liv ...