China and India hold talks on border dispute
(12 May 2016)
On 21 April India and China concluded the 19th round of talks to resolve their border dispute. Indian National Security Advisor Ajit Doval held discussions with his Chinese counterpart Yang Jiechi, both designated as special representatives to deal with border issue.
When the special representatives were appointed in 2003, the two sides established a three-stage process. The first agreement on the guiding principles and political parameters for the settlement was reached in 2005. Yang and Doval are currently in the second stage, which focusses on working out a framework of settlement. This will be followed by the final step of boundary delimitation based on the framework agreement.
Doval's predecessor, Shivshankar Menon, who represented India in several rounds of the border talks, said in 2014 that all the technical work had been done and that it was for the leaders of both the countries to make the call.
While China maintains that the boundary dispute is confined to 2,000 km, mainly in the border area between Arunachal Pradesh and Tibet, India asserts that the dispute covers the entire Line of Actual Control (LAC), including the Aksai Chin area occupied by China during the 1962 war.
Vikas Swarup, India’s external affairs ministry spokesperson on the border talks, said, "Discussions focussed on two broad issues -- one -- efforts to find a fair, reasonable and mutually acceptable solution to the boundary question -- and two --maintenance of peace and tranquillity in the border areas."
A statement published in on the Chinese foreign ministry’s website says, "Both sides agreed that the negotiation on [the] China-India boundary maintains a positive momentum, with boundary disputes effectively controlled and boundary regions generally peaceful and stable."