President states Ecuador will not take part in Peru-Chile discussions
(15 October 2010)
Preceding a meeting with Chilean president Sebastián Piñera, Ecuadorian president Rafael Correa has stated that Ecuador will not become involved in the dispute between Chile and Peru regarding their maritime boundaries, currently before the International Court of Justice (ICJ). Dispute surrounds the 1952 tripartite declaration made by Chile, Peru and Ecuador, that effectively delimited their respective maritime boundaries along lines of latitude extending from their respective land boundary termini. This was followed by a second declaration in 1954 that established 10 nm buffer zones on either side of the boundaries, beginning 12 nm from their land terminus. Peru has argued that the 1952 agreement did not set its maritime boundaries with Ecuador and Chile, and advocates delimiting a new boundary based on equidistance. Peru submitted its claim to the ICJ in regards to its maritime boundary with Chile in January 2008. If the ICJ rules that the 1952 declaration did not establish the Peru-Chile boundary, it would invalidate the arrangement between Peru and Ecuador, and it would be likely that Peru would argue for a new maritime boundary delimitation again based on equidistance. If the court rules that the 1952 agreement stands, Peru would then have to accept its existing maritime boundary with Ecuador as defined in the 1952 declaration.
Source: ‘Ecuador will not intervene in Peru-Chile border dispute’, Christian Völkel, IHS Global Insight Daily Analysis, 12 October 2010