IBRU: Centre for Borders Research
Through research, consultancy and training, IBRU seeks to facilitate enhanced understanding of border areas, contribute to the peaceful resolution of boundary disputes, and engage with broader geographic questions concerning the changing nature of sovereignty, territory, citizenship, and the political organisation of space.
Since its founding as the International Boundaries Research Unit in 1989, IBRU has been the world’s leading research centre on international boundary making and dispute resolution, creating impact through the services it provides to the public and private sectors. Today, IBRU brings together work in international boundary law with the geographic study of borders and bordering in the 21st century.
IBRU is part of the Geography Department at Durham University.
IBRU has presented the Ray Milefsky Award to the Border Network for Human Rights, a Texas-based organisation dedicated to fostering human rights across the U.S.-Mexico border. The award is presented annually to an individual or organisation who: has advanced knowledge of boundary-making or cross-border cooperation, or has implemented a programme over the past year that has contributed substantively to boundary-making or cross-border cooperation.
This is a simplified version of the ‘maritime jurisdiction and boundaries’ map that focuses on claims to the outer continental shelf: the area more than 200 nautical miles from shore and beyond the limits of exclusive economic zones. Additionally, this map indicates the extent of sea ice, showing the median September minimum for the period 1981-2010 and, for comparison, data from the most recent September (September 2016).