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Durham University

Department of Earth Sciences

Staff Profile

Prof Stefan Nielsen - all publications

Journal Article

  • Jayeoba, Ayodeji, Mathias, Simon A., Nielsen, Stefan, Vilarrasa, Victor & Bjørnarå, Tore I. (2019). Closed-form equation for subsidence due to fluid production from a cylindrical confined aquifer. Journal of Hydrology 573: 964-969.
  • Pozzi, Giacomo, De Paola, Nicola, Holdsworth, Robert E., Bowen, Leon, Nielsen, Stefan B. & Dempsey, Edward D. (2019). Coseismic ultramylonites: An investigation of nanoscale viscous flow and fault weakening during seismic slip. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 516: 164-175.
  • Guérin‐Marthe, Simon, Nielsen, Stefan, Bird, Robert, Giani, Stefano & Di Toro, Giulio (2019). Earthquake Nucleation Size: Evidence of Loading Rate Dependence in Laboratory Faults. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 124(1): 698-708.
  • Cornelio, Chiara Spagnuolo, Elena Di Toro, Giulio Nielsen,Stefan & Violay, Marie (2019). Mechanical behaviour of fluid-lubricated faults. Nature Communications 10: 1274
  • Mathias, Simon A., Nielsen, Stefan & Ward, Rebecca L. (2019). Storage Coefficients and Permeability Functions for Coal-Bed Methane Production Under Uniaxial Strain Conditions. Transport in Porous Media 130(2): 627-636.
  • Pozzi, G., De Paola, N., Nielsen, S.B., Holdsworth, R.E. & Bowen, L. (2018). A new interpretation for the nature and significance of mirror-like surfaces in experimental carbonate-hosted seismic faults. Geology 46(7): 583-586.
  • Murphy, S., Di Toro, G., Romano, F., Scala, A., Lorito, S., Spagnuolo, E., Aretusini, S., Festa, G., Piatanesi, A. & Nielsen, S. (2018). Tsunamigenic earthquake simulations using experimentally derived friction laws. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 486: 155-165.
  • Harbord, Christopher W. A., Nielsen, Stefan B., De Paola, Nicola & Holdsworth, Robert E. (2017). Earthquake nucleation on rough faults. Geology 45(10): 931-934.
  • Nielsen, S. (2017). From slow to fast faulting: recent challenges in earthquake fault mechanics. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences 375(2103): 20160016.
  • Kaneko, Y., Carpenter, B. & Nielsen, S. (2017). Nucleation process of magnitude 2 repeating earthquakes on the San Andreas Fault predicted by rate-and-state fault models with SAFOD drill core data. Geophysical Research Letters 44(1): 162-173.
  • Vannucchi, Paola, Spagnuolo, Elena, Aretusini, Stefano, Di Toro, Giulio, Ujiie, Kohtaro, Tsutsumi, Akito & Nielsen, Stefan (2017). Past seismic slip-to-the-trench recorded in Central America megathrust. Nature Geoscience 10(12): 935-940.
  • Malone, David H., Craddock, John P., Schmitz, Mark D., Kenderes, Stuart, Kraushaar, Ben, Murphey, Caelan J., Nielsen, Stefan & Mitchell, Thomas M. (2017). Volcanic Initiation of the Eocene Heart Mountain Slide, Wyoming, USA. The Journal of Geology 125(4): 439-457.
  • Spagnuolo, E., Nielsen, S., Violay, M. & Di Toro, G. (2016). An empirically based steady state friction law and implications for fault stability. Geophysical Research Letters 43(7): 3263-3271.
  • Passelègue, François. X., Schubnel, Alexandre, Nielsen, Stefan, Bhat, Harsha S., Deldicque, Damien & Madariaga, Raùl (2016). Dynamic rupture processes inferred from laboratory microearthquakes. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 121(6): 4343-4365.
  • Beeler, N.M., Di Toro, G. & Nielsen, S. (2016). Earthquake Source Properties from Pseudotachylite. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 106(6): 2764-2776.
  • Nielsen, S., Spagnuolo, E., Violay, M., Smith, S., Toro, G. & Bistacchi, A. (2016). G: Fracture energy, friction and dissipation in earthquakes. Journal of Seismology 20(4): 1187-1205.
  • Nielsen, S., Spagnuolo, E., Smith, S., Violay, M., Di Toro, G. & Bistacchi, A. (2016). Scaling in natural and laboratory earthquakes. Geophysical Research Letters 43(4): 1504-1510.
  • Kaneko, Y., Nielsen, S.B. & Carpenter, B.M. (2016). The onset of laboratory earthquakes explained by nucleating rupture on a rate-and-state fault. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 121(8): 6071-6091.
  • Mitchell, Thomas M., Smith, S.A.F., Anders, M.H., Di Toro, G., Nielsen, S., Cavallo, A. & Beard, A. D. (2015). Catastrophic emplacement of giant landslides aided by thermal decomposition: Heart Mountain, Wyoming. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 411: 199-207.
  • Smith, S.A.F., Nielsen, S. & Di Toro, G. (2015). Strain localization and the onset of dynamic weakening in calcite fault gouge. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 413: 25-36.
  • Violay, M., Di Toro, G., Nielsen, S., Spagnuolo, E. & Burg, J.P. (2015). Thermo-mechanical pressurization of experimental faults in cohesive rocks during seismic slip. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 429: 1-10.
  • Violay, M., Di Toro, G., Gibert, B., Nielsen, S., Spagnuolo, E., Del Gaudio, P., Azais, P. & Scarlato, P. G. (2014). Effect of glass on the frictional behavior of basalts at seismic slip rates. Geophysical Research Letters 41(2): 348-355.
  • Smith, S., Di Toro, G., Kim, S., Ree, J.-H., Nielsen, S., Billi, A. & Spiess, R. (2013). Coseismic recrystallization during shallow earthquake slip. Geology 41(1): 63-66.
  • Passelègue, F.X. Schubnel, A., Nielsen, S., Bhat, H.S. & Madariaga, R. (2013). From Sub-Rayleigh to Supershear Ruptures During Stick-Slip Experiments on Crustal Rocks. Science 340(6137 ): 1208-1211
  • Violay, M. Nielsen, S. , Spagnuolo, E. Cinti, D. Di Toro, G. & Di Stefano, G. (2013). Pore fluid in experimental calcite-bearing faults: Abrupt weakening and geochemical signature of co-seismic processes. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 361: 74-84.
  • M. Bestmann, G. Pennacchioni, S. Nielsen, M. Göken & H. de Wall (2012). Deformation and ultrafine dynamic recrystallization of quartz in pseudotachylyte-bearing brittle faults: A matter of a few seconds. Journal of Structural Geology 38(0): 21 - 38.
  • Niemeijer, A., Di Toro, G., Griffith, W.A., Bistacchi, A./, Smith, S. & Nielsen, S. (2012). Inferring earthquake physics and chemistry using an integrated field and laboratory approach. Journal of Structural Geology 39: 2-36.
  • Di Toro, G., Han, R., Hirose, T., De Paola, N., Nielsen, N., Mizoguchi, K., Ferri, F., Cocco, M. & Shimamoto, T. (2011). Fault lubrication during earthquakes. Nature 471(7339): 494-498.
  • Bistacchi, A., Griffith, W., Smith, Steven, Di Toro, Giulio, Jones, Richard & Nielsen, Stefan (2011). Fault Roughness at Seismogenic Depths from LIDAR and Photogrammetric Analysis. Pure and Applied Geophysics 168: 2345-2363.
  • Niemeijer, A., Di Toro, G., Nielsen, S. & Di Felice, F. (2011). Frictional melting of gabbro under extreme experimental conditions of normal stress, acceleration and sliding velocity. Journal of Geophysical Research 116: B07404.
  • Schubnel, Alexandre Nielsen, Stefan , Taddeucci, Jacopo Vinciguerra, Sergio & Rao, Sandro (2011). Photo-acoustic study of subshear and supershear ruptures in the laboratory. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 308(3-4): 424-432.
  • Malagnini, L., Nielsen, S., Mayeda, K. & Boschi, E. (2010). Energy radiation from intermediate- to large-magnitude earthquakes: Implications for dynamic fault weakening. Journal of Geophysical Research 115: B06319.
  • S. Nielsen, J. Taddeucci & S. Vinciguerra (2010). Experimental observation of stick-slip instability fronts. Geophys. J. Int 180: 697-702.
  • S. Nielsen, G. Di Toro & W. A. Griffith (2010). Friction and Roughness of a Melting Rock Surface. Geophys. J. Int 182: 299-310.
  • Di Toro, G., A. Niemeijer, A. Tripoli, S. Nielsen, Di Felice, F., P. Scarlato, G. Spada, R. Alessandroni, G. Romeo, Di Stefano, G., S. Smith, E. Spagnuolo & S. Mariano (2010). From field geology to earthquake simulation: a new state-of-the-art tool to investigate rock friction during the seismic cycle (SHIVA). Rendiconti Lincei 21: 95-114.
  • S. Nielsen, P. Mosca, G. Giberti, Di Toro, G., T. Hirose & T. Shimamoto (2010). On the transient behavior of frictional melt during seismic slip. Journal of Geophysical Research 115: B10301.
  • Griffith, W. A., Nielsen, S., Di Toro, G. & Smith, F. A. S. (2010). Rough Faults, Distributed Weakening, and Off-Fault Deformation. Journal of Geophysical Research 115: B08409.
  • Murphy, S. & Nielsen, S. (2009). Estimating Earthquake Magnitude with Early Arrivals: A Test Using Dynamic and Kinematic Models. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am 99(1): 1-23.
  • Del Gaudio, P., Di Toro, G., R. Han, T. Hirose, S. Nielsen, T. Shimamoto & A. Cavallo (2009). Frictional melting of peridotite and seismic slip. J. Geophys. Res 114: B06306.
  • Griffith, W. A., Di Toro, G., Pennacchioni, G., Pollard, D. & Nielsen, S. (2009). Static stress drop associated with brittle slip events on exhumed faults. J. Geophys. Res 114: B02402.
  • Nielsen, S. , Di Toro, G., Hirose, T. & Shimamoto, T. (2008). Frictional melt and seismic slip. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 113(B1): B01308.
  • V. Nisii, G. Saccorotti & S. Nielsen (2007). Detailed analysis of wave propagation beneath the Campi Flegrei Caldera, Italy. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am 97: 440-456.
  • A. Zollo, M. Lancieri & S. Nielsen (2007). Reply to comment by P. Rydelek et al. on ``Earthquake magnitude estimation from peak amplitudes of very early seismic signals on strong motion records''. Geophys. Res. Lett 34: L20303.
  • A. Zollo, M. Lancieri & S. Nielsen (2006). Earthquake magnitude estimation from peak amplitudes of very early seismic signals on strong motion records. Geophys. Res. Lett 33: L23312.
  • Di Toro, G., T. Hirose, S. Nielsen, G. Pennacchioni & T. Shimamoto (2006). Natural and Experimental Evidence of Melt Lubrication of Faults During Earthquakes. Science 311: 647-649.
  • Di Toro, G., S. Nielsen & G. Pennacchioni (2005). Earthquake rupture dynamics frozen in exhumed ancient faults. Nature 436: 1009-1012.
  • Nielsen, S. & Madariaga, R. (2003). On the self-healing fracture mode. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am 93(6): 2375-2388.
  • G. Festa & S. Nielsen (2003). PML absorbing boundaries. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am 93: 891-903.
  • Nielsen, S. & Olsen, K. (2000). Constraints on stress and friction from dynamic rupture models of the 1994 Northridge, California, earthquake. Pure Appl. Geophys 157: 2029-2046.
  • D. Oglesby, R. Archuleta & S. Nielsen (2000). Dynamics of dip-slip faulting; explorations in two dimensions. J. Geophys. Res 105: 13,643-13,653.
  • S. Nielsen, J. Carlson & K. Olsen (2000). Influence of friction and fault geometry on earthquake rupture. J. Geophys. Res 105: 6069-6088.
  • S. B. Nielsen & J. M. Carlson (2000). Rupture Pulse Characterization: Self-Healing, Self-Similar, Expanding Solutions in a Continuum Model of Fault Dynamics. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am 90(6): 1480-1497.
  • D. Oglesby, R. Archuleta & S. Nielsen (2000). The Three-dimensional Dynamics of Dipping Faults. Bull Seismol. Soc. Am 90: 616-628.
  • B. Maillot, S. Nielsen & I. Main (1999). Numerical simulation of seismicity due to fluid injection in a brittle poroelastic medium. Geophys. J. Int 139: 263-272.
  • D. Oglesby, R. Archuleta & S. Nielsen (1998). Earthquakes on dipping faults: the effects of broken symmetry. Science 280: 1055-1059.
  • S.B. Nielsen (1998). Free surface effects on the propagation of dynamic rupture. Geophysical Research Letters 25(1): 125-128.
  • Nielsen, S.B. & Knopoff, L. (1998). The equivalent strength of geometrical barriers to earthquakes. Journal of Geophysical Research-solid Earth 103(B5): 9953-9965.
  • S. B. Nielsen, L. Knopoff & A. Tarantola (1995). Model of Earthquake Recurrence: Role of Elastic Wave Radiation, Relaxation of Friction and Inhomogeneity. J. Geophys. Res 100(7): 12,423-12,430.
  • S. B. Nielsen & A. Tarantola (1992). Numerical Model of Seismic Rupture. J. Geophys. Res 97: 15291-15295.