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Durham University

Department of Earth Sciences

Staff Profile

Prof Jim McElwaine - all publications

Chapter in book

  • Meiburg, Eckart, McElwaine, Jim N. & Kneller, Ben (2012). Turbidity Currents and Powder Snow Avalanches. In Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics, Volume One. Fernando, H. 1: 557-573.
  • J. N. McElwaine & K. Nishimura (2001). Ping-pong ball avalanche experiments. In Particulate Gravity Currents. W. D. McCaffrey, B. C. Kneller & J. Peakall Blackwell Science. 135-148.
  • J.N. McElwaine (1999). Numerical simulation of Ping-pong ball flows. In Sukiijanpudai jikken to sanjigen ryuushiryuu moderu kaihatu ni yoru nadare ryuudou kikou no kaimei. K. Nishimura Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University. 33-45.
  • J.N. McElwaine (1998). Air Flow and Snow Transport though Aboreal Wind Breaks. In koutsuukankyou o kaizensuru tame no shinrin ni yoru fubuki no hosoku ni kansuru jisshouteki kenkyuu. Hokkaido National Forestry Research Centre and Hokkaido University Institute of Low Temperature Science. 44-49.

Conference Paper

  • Ash, M., Tanha, M. Ardeshir, Brennan, P. V., McElwaine, J. N., Keylock, C. J. & others (2015), Practical implementation of a 16-channel C-band phased array radar receiver, 2015 IEEE Radar Conference IEEE. 66-70.
  • Ash, M. J., Brennan, P. V., Vriend, N. M., McElwaine, J. N. & Keylock, C. J. (2011), FMCW Phased Array Radar for Automatically Triggered Measurements of Snow Avalanches, 2011 European Microwave Week. Manchester, UK, Horizon House Publication, London.
  • Ash, M. J., Brennan, P. V., Vriend, N. M., McElwaine, J. N. & Keylock, C. J. (2011), Two-Dimensional FMCW Radar Imaging of Entire Avalanche Events, 5th IASME / WSEAS International Conference on Geology and Seismology (GES '11). Cambridge, England, WSEAS, Cambridge, 153-157.
  • Ash, M. Brennan, P. V. Chetty, K. McElwaine, J. N. & Keylock, C. (2010), FMCW Radar Imaging of Avalanche-Like Snow Movements, 2010 IEEE International Radar Conference. Arlington, Virginia, IEEE, Piscataway, 102-107.
  • Brennan, P. V., Ash, M., Isa, F. M., Keylock, C. & McElwaine, J. N. (2009), Advanced Radar Imaging of Geophysical Flows, in Trilling, L., Perkins, D., Dionysios, D., Perlovsky, L., Davey, K., Landgrebe, D., Marino, M. A., Russell, D. L., Collicott, S. H., Ceccarelli, M. & Lund, J. W. eds, Mathematics and computers in science and engineering a series of reference books and textbooks 3rd IASME/WSEAS International Conference on Geology and Seismology, Cambridge, Feb. 24-26, 2009. Cambridge, WSEAS Press, 144-147.
  • Turnbull, B. & McElwaine, J. N. (2009), Potential Flow Models of Suspension Current Air Pressure, in Bartelt, P. & Schweizer, J. eds, International Symposium on Snow and Avalanches. Manali, India, SASE, Chandigarh, 286-296.

Conference Proceeding

  • J. N. McElwaine & B. Turnbull (2006). Plume Theories Versus Compact Models for Powder Snow Avalanches. Sixth International Symposium on Stratified Flows, Perth, December 11-14, 2006.
  • D. Issler, C. B. Harbitz, K. Kristensen, K. Lied, A. S. Moe, M. Barbolini, F. V. De blasio, G.Khazaradze, J. N. McElwaine, A. L. Mears, and M. Naaim & R. Sailer (2005). A comparison of avalanche models with data from dry-snow avalanches at Ryggfonn. Landslides and Avalanches ICFL 2005 Norway, Taylor \& Francis Ltd.
  • J.N. McElwaine (2004). Image Analysis For Avalanches. Snow and avalanche test sites, Cemagref.
  • J. N. McElwaine & K. Nishimura (2000). Size Segregation in Snow Avalanches: Observations and Experiments. IUTAM Symposium on Segregation in Granular Flows IUTAM, Dordrecht, Kluwer.
  • A. Hachikubo, J. N. McElwaine, M. Nemoto, T Kaihara & K. Nishimura (1999). A study of an avalanche at the ski resort Niseko, Japan. Proceedings International Snow Science Workshop, Sunriver, Oregon 1998.
  • K. Nishimura, Y. Ito, S. Keller, J. N. McElwaine, Y. Nohguchi, K. Izumi & K. Kawada (1998). Snow Avalanche Dynamics: Observations and Experiments. 25 Years of Snow Avalanche Research, Voss 12-16 May, Oslo, Norwegian Geotechnical Institute.

Doctoral Thesis

  • Anjum, Hafiz Junaid Anjum & McElwaine, JN (2014). Numerical modelling of compositional and particle-driven gravity currents. PhD.
  • McElwaine, J. N. (1996). Approximate Consistency and Prediction Algorithms in Quantum Mechanics. DAMTP, Cambridge University. PhD.

Journal Article

  • Haas, T., McArdell, B.W., Conway, S.J., McElwaine, J.N., Kleinhans, M.G., Salese, F. & Grindrod, P.M. (2019). Initiation and flow conditions of contemporary flows in Martian gullies. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 124(8): 2246-2271.
  • Sylvest, Matthew E., Dixon, John C., Conway, Susan J., Patel, Manish R., McElwaine, Jim N., Hagermann, Axel & Barnes, Adam (2018). CO2 sublimation in Martian gullies: laboratory experiments at varied slope angle and regolith grain sizes. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 467(1): 343-371.
  • Köhler, Anselm, Fischer, Jan-Thomas, Scandroglio, Riccardo, Bavay, Mathias, McElwaine, Jim & Sovilla, Betty (2018). Cold-to-warm flow regime transition in snow avalanches. The Cryosphere 12(12): 3759-3774.
  • Issler, Dieter, Jenkins, James T. & McElwaine, Jim N. (2018). Comments on avalanche flow models based on the concept of random kinetic energy. Journal of Glaciology 64(243): 148-164.
  • Balmforth, N. J. & McElwaine, J. N. (2018). From episodic avalanching to continuous flow in a granular drum. Granular Matter 20(3): 52.
  • Köhler, A., McElwaine, J. N. & Sovilla, B. (2018). GEODAR Data and the Flow Regimes of Snow Avalanches. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface 123(6): 1272-1294.
  • Bray, Veronica J., Atwood-Stone, Corwin, Neish, Catherine D., Artemieva, Natalia A., McEwen, Alfred S. & McElwaine, Jim N. (2018). Lobate impact melt flows within the extended ejecta blanket of Pierazzo crater. Icarus 301: 26-36.
  • Sovilla, Betty, McElwaine, Jim & Köhler, Anselm (2018). The intermittency regions of powder snow avalanches. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface 123(10): 2525-2545.
  • Mathias, S.A., Greenwell, H.C., Withers, C., Erdogan, A., McElwaine, J. & MacMinn, C. (2017). Analytical solution for clay plug swelling experiments. Applied Clay Science 149: 75-78.
  • Mc Keown, L. E., Bourke, M. C. & McElwaine, J. N. (2017). Experiments On Sublimating Carbon Dioxide Ice And Implications For Contemporary Surface Processes On Mars. Scientific Reports 7(1): 14181.
  • Dundas, Colin M., McEwen, Alfred S., Chojnacki, Matthew, Milazzo, Moses P., Byrne, Shane, McElwaine, Jim N. & Urso, Anna (2017). Granular flows at recurring slope lineae on Mars indicate a limited role for liquid water. Nature Geoscience 10: 903-907.
  • Rogers, T. M. & McElwaine, J. N. (2017). On the Chemical Mixing Induced by Internal Gravity Waves. The Astrophysical Journal 848(1): L1.
  • Ardeshir Tanha, Mandana, Brennan, Paul V., Ash, Matthew, Kohler, Anselm & McElwaine, Jim (2017). Overlapped Phased Array Antenna for Avalanche Radar. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 65(8): 4017-4026.
  • Rogers, T.M. & McElwaine, J. N. (2017). The hottest hot Jupiters may host Atmospheric Dynamos. Astrophysical Journal Letters 841(2): L26.
  • DeGiuli, E. & McElwaine, J. N. (2016). Comment on “What Determines the Static Force Chains in Stressed Granular Media?”. Physical Review Letters 117(15): 159801.
  • Konopliv, N. A., Llewellyn-Smith, S. G., McElwaine, J. N. & Meiburg, E. (2016). Modelling gravity currents without an energy closure. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 789: 806-829.
  • Baldini L.M., Baldini J.U.L., McElwaine J., Frappier A.B., Asmerom Y., Liu K.B., Prufer K., Ridley H.E., Polyak V., Kennett D.J., Macpherson C.G., Aquino V.V., Awe J. & Breitenbach, S.F.M. (2016). Persistent northward North Atlantic tropical cyclone track migration over the past five centuries. Scientific Reports 6: 37522.
  • DeGiuli, E., McElwaine, J. N. & Wyart, M. (2016). Phase diagram for inertial granular flows. Physical Review E: covering statistical, nonlinear, biological, and soft matter physics 94(1): 012904.
  • Köhler, A., McElwaine, J. N., Sovilla, B., Ash, M. & Brennan, P. (2016). The dynamics of surges in the 3 February 2015 avalanches in Vallée de la Sionne. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface 121(11): 2192-2210.
  • Turnbull, Barbara, Bowman, Elisabeth T. & McElwaine, Jim N. (2015). Debris flows: Experiments and modelling. Comptes Rendus Physique 16(1): 86-96.
  • Wilson, J.T., Eke, V.R., Massey, R.J., Elphic, R.C., Jolliff, B.L., Lawrence, D.J., Llewellin, E.W., McElwaine, J.N. & Teodoro, L.F.A. (2015). Evidence for explosive silicic volcanism on the Moon from the extended distribution of thorium near the Compton-Belkovich Volcanic Complex. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 120(1): 92-108.
  • Sovilla, Betty, McElwaine, Jim N & Louge, Michel Y (2015). The structure of powder snow avalanches. Comptes Rendus Physique 16(1): 97-104.
  • Baldini, J.U.L., Brown, R.J. & McElwaine, J.N. (2015). Was millennial scale climate change during the Last Glacial triggered by explosive volcanism? Scientific Reports 5: 17442.
  • Sauret, A., Balmforth, N. J., Caulfield, C. P. & McElwaine, J. N. (2014). Bulldozing of granular material. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 748: 143-174.
  • Pérez-Guillén, C., Tapia, M., Furdada, G., Suriñach, E., McElwaine, J. N. & Hiller, M. (2014). Evaluation of a snow avalanche possibly triggered by a local earthquake at Vallée de la Sionne, Switzerland. Cold Regions Science and Technology 108: 149-162.
  • Mathias, S.A., McElwaine, J.N. & Gluyas, J.G. (2014). Heat transport and pressure buildup during carbon dioxide injection into depleted gas reservoirs. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 756: 89-109.
  • Ash, Matthew Brennan, Paul V. Keylock, Chris J. Vriend, Nathalie M. McElwaine, Jim N. & Betty Sovilla (2014). Two-Dimensional Radar Imaging of Flowing Avalanches. Cold Regions Science and Technology 102: 41-51.
  • Diniega, S., Hansen, C. J., McElwaine, J. N., Hugenholtz, C. H., Dundas, C. M. McEwen, A. S. & Bourke, M. C. (2013). A new dry hypothesis for the formation of martian linear gullies. Icarus 225(1): 526-537.
  • Vriend, N. M., McElwaine, J. N., Sovilla, B., Keylock, C. J., Ash, M. & Brennan, P. V. (2013). High Resolution Radar Measurements of Snow Avalanches. Geophysical Research Letters 40(4): 727-731.
  • Rogers, T. M., Lin, D. N. C., McElwaine, J. N. & Lau, H. H. B. (2013). Internal Gravity Waves in Massive Stars: Angular Momentum Transport. The Astrophysical Journal 772(1): 21.
  • Kowalski, Julia & McElwaine, Jim N. (2013). Shallow two-component gravity-driven flows with vertical variation. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 714: 434-462.
  • Sovilla, Betty, McElwaine, Jim, Steinkogler, Walter, Hiller, Martin, Dufour, François, Suriñach, Emma, Guillen, Cristina Perez, Fischer, Jan-Thomas, Thibert, Emmanuel & Baroudi, Djebar (2013). The full-scale avalanche dynamics test site Vallée de la Sionne. International Snow Science Workshope Grenoble-Chamonix Mont-Blanc
  • Anjum, Hafiz J. McElwaine, Jim N. & Caulfield, Colm-cille P. (2013). The Instantaneous Froude Number and Depth of Unsteady Gravity Currents. Journal of Hydraulic Research 51: 432-445.
  • Hewitt, I. J., Balmforth, N. J. & McElwaine, J. N. (2012). Granular and fluid washboards. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 692: 446-463.
  • Holyoake, Alex J. & McElwaine, Jim N. (2012). High-speed granular chute flows. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 710: 35-71
  • McElwaine, Jim N., Takagi, Daisuke & Huppert, Herbert (2012). Surface curvature of steady granular flows. Granular Matter 14(2): 229-234.
  • Hewitt, I. J. Balmforth, N. J. & McElwaine, J. N. (2011). Continual Skipping on Water. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 669: 328-353.
  • Satheesha, Sampoorna Cookson, Victoria J. Coleman, Louise J. Ingram, Nicola Madhok, Brijesh Hanby, Andrew M. Suleman, Charlotte A. B. Sabine, Vicky S. Macaskill, E. Jane Bartlett, John M. S. Dixon, J. Michael McElwaine, Jim N. & Hughes, Thomas A. (2011). eIF4E predicts sensitivity in cell lines and acquired changes in eIF4E regulation in breast cancer. Molecular Cancer 10(1): 19.
  • DeGiuli, Eric & McElwaine, Jim N. (2011). Laws of Granular Solids I. Geometry and Topology. Physical Review E 84(4): 041310.
  • Percier, Baptiste, Manneville, Sebastien, McElwaine, Jim N., Morris, Stephen & Taberlet, Nicolas (2011). Lift and drag forces on an inclined plow moving over a granular surface. Physical Review E 84(5): 051302.
  • Takagi, Daisuke, McElwaine, Jim N. & Huppert, Herbert H. (2011). Shallow Granular Flows. Physical Review E 83(3): 031306.
  • Turnbull, B. & McElwaine, J. N. (2010). Potential Flow Models of Suspension Current Air Pressure. Annals of Glaciology A51(54): 113-122.
  • Sovilla, Betty, McElwaine, Jim N. , Schaer, Mark & Vallet, Julien (2010). Variation of deposition depth with slope angle in snow avalanches: measurements from Vallée de la Sionne. Journal of Geophysical Research 115: F02016.
  • L. J. Coleman, M. B. Peter, T. J. Teall, R. A. Brannan, A. M. Hanby, H. Honarpisheh, A. M. Shaaban, L. Smith, V. Speirs, E. T. Verghese, J. N. McElwaine & T. A. Hughes (2009). Combined analysis of eIF4E and 4E-binding protein expression predicts breast cancer survival and estimates eIF4E activity. British Journal of Cancer 100(9): 1393-1399.
  • T. Börzsönyi, R. E. Ecke & J. N. McElwaine (2009). Patterns in flowing sand: Understanding the physics of granular flow. prl 103(17): 178302.
  • A.-F. Bitbol, N. Taberlet, S. W. Morris & J. N. McElwaine (2009). Scaling and dynamics of washboard road. pre 79(6): 061308.
  • B. Turnbull & J. N. McElwaine (2008). Experiments on the Non-Boussinesq Flow of Self-Igniting Suspension Currents on a Steep Open Slope. jgr 113: F01003.
  • B. Turnbull & J. N. McElwaine (2007). A Comparison of Powder Snow Avalanches at Vallée de la Sionne with Plume Theories. jg 53(180): 30-40.
  • S. Aumaitre, C. Puls, J. N. McElwaine & J. P. Gollub (2007). Comparing flow thresholds and dynamics for oscillating and inclined granular layers. pre 75: 061307.
  • B. Turnbull, J. N. McElwaine & C. J. Ancey (2007). The Kulikovskiy-Sveshnikova-Beghin Model of Powder Snow Avalanches: Development and Application. Journal of Geophysical Research 112: F0100.
  • N. Taberlet, S. W. Morris & J. N. McElwaine (2007). Washboard Road: The dynamics of granular ripples formed by rolling wheels. prl 99: 068003.
  • Hughes, T. A. & McElwaine, J. N. (2006). Mathematical and Biological Modelling of RNA Secondary Structure and Its Effects on Gene Expression. Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine 7(1): 37-43.
  • M. D. Patterson., C. P. Caulfield, J. N. McElwaine & S. B. Dalziel (2006). Time-dependent mixing in stratified Kelvin-Helmholtz billows: Experimental observations. grl 33: L15608.
  • McElwaine, J. N. & Turnbull, B. (2005). Air pressure data from the Vallée de la Sionne avalanches of 2004. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface (2003–2012) 110(F3): F03010.
  • J.N. McElwaine (2005). Rotational Flow in Gravity Current Heads. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond 363: 1603-1623.
  • J.N. McElwaine (2004). Calculation of Two-Dimensional Avalanche Velocities From Opto-Electronic Sensors. Annals of Glaciology 38: 139-144.
  • M. A. Kern, F. Tiefenbacher & J. N. McElwaine (2004). The rheology of snow in large chute flows. Cold Regions Science and Technology 39(2-3): 181-192.
  • J. N. McElwaine, K. Sugiura & N. Maeno (2004). The splash function for snow from wind-tunnel measurements. Annals of Glaciology 38: 71-78.
  • J. N. McElwaine & F. Tiefenbacher (2003). Calculating Internal Avalanche Velocities from Correlation With Error Analysis. sgp 24(5-6): 499-524.
  • T. Ogura, J. N. McElwaine & K. Nishimura (2003). Drag Forces and Ping-Pong Ball Avalanches. Seppyou 65(2): 117-125.
  • T. Yamada & J. N. McElwaine (2000). Avalanche Research Card for Skiers and Climbers. Nihon sukii gakkaishi 10(1): 127-134.
  • J. N. McElwaine, A. Hachikubo, M. Nemoto, T. Kaihara, T. Yamada & K. Nishimura (2000). Observations and simulations of the formation of the faceted snow crystals in the weak-layer of the 1998 Niseko Haru no Taki avalanche. Cold Regions Science and Technology 31(3): 235-247.
  • K. Kosugi, O. Abe, A. Sato, Y. Nohguchi, Y. Yamada, K. Nishimura, Y. Ito, J. N. McElwaine & K. Izumi (1999). Analysis of particle motion in ping-pong ball avalanches. 1999 nendo nihon seppyou gakkai zenkoku taikai kouen yokouchuu 1999 148.
  • K. Nishimura, T. Niita, J. N. McElwaine & Y. Karada (1998). 25 Years of Snow avalanche Research at NGI Anniversary Conference ni sanka shite. seppyou 60(5): 389-393.
  • T. Yamada, A. Hachikubo, S. Nemoto, T. Kaihara, J. N. McElwaine, K. Nishimura & A. Shinya (1998). A Report on the Niseko Haru no Taki avalanche of 28th January 1998. Hokkaido no seppyou 17: 46-49.
  • A. Hachikubo, T. Yamada, M. Nemoto, T. Kaihara, J. N. McElwaine, K. Nishimura & A. Shinya (1998). Formation mechanism of the weak layer which caused an avalanche at Niseko. Nihon seppyou gakkai zenkoku taikai kouen yokouchuu 87.
  • K. Nishimura, S. Keller, J. N. McElwaine & Y. Nohguchi (1998). Ping-pong ball avalanche at a ski jump. Gran. Matt 1(2): 51-56.
  • Y. Nouguchi, K. Izumi, Y. Itoh, S. Keller, J. N. McElwaine & K. Nishimura (1998). Ping-pong Ball Avalanches (V) - Ski-Jump Experiments. Nihon sabou gakkai yokouchuu
  • K. Nishimura, J. N. McElwaine, K. Izumi & Y. Nouguchi (1998). Size segregation in granular flows. 1998 nendo nihon seppyou gakkai zenkoku taikai kouen yokouchuu 147.
  • T. Yamada, A. Hachikubo, J. N. McElwaine, M. Sugano, K. Nishimura, T. Niita, Y. Harada, K. Izumi, T. Eizaki, K. Kawada & Y. Nouguchi (1998). The Snow Cover Characteristics at Niseko. honseppyou gakkai zenkoku taikai kouen yokouchuu 135.
  • A. Hachikubo, T. Yamada, J. N. McElwaine, M. Sugano, K. Nishimura, T. Niita, Y. Harada, K. Izumi, T. Eizaki, K. Kawada & Y. Nouguchi (1998). The Special Character of Fresh Snow at Niseko Annupuri. Hokkaido no seppyou 17: 50-53.
  • McElwaine, J.N. (1997). Maximum information and quantum prediction algorithms. Physical review A 56(3): 1756-1766.
  • McElwaine, J. N. & Kent, A. P. A. (1997). Quantum Prediction Algorithms. Physical Review A 55: 1703-1720.
  • McElwaine, J. N. (1996). Approximate and exact consistency of histories. Physical Review A 53: 2021-2032.

Other (Print)

  • J.N. McElwaine (1998). Random Hamiltonian Models and Quantum Prediction Algorithms. quant-ph/9812051


  • B. Sovilla, U. Gruber, F. Tiefenbacher, M. Hiller, A. Felber, B. Turnbull, M. A. Baillifrad, J. N. McElwaine, K. Platzer, M. Kern, F. Dufour & P. Bartelt (2005). Avalanche dynamics experimental site "VAllée de la Sionne" Arbaz, Valais: Final Report Winter 2003/2004. SLF, Flüelastrasse 11, Davos 7260, Switzerland.
  • J.N. McElwaine (2005). Calibration and Design of Multi-hole Pitot Probes for Snow Avalanches.
  • J.N. McElwaine (2003). Filming Avalanches.