We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Otherwise, we'll assume you're OK to continue.

Durham University

Department of Earth Sciences


Publication details for Professor Yaoling Niu

Batiza, R., Niu, Yaoling, Karsten, J.L., Boger, W., Potts, E., Norby, L. & Butler, R. (1996). Steady and non-steady state magma chambers below the East Pacific Rise. Geophysical Research Letters 23(3): 221-224.

Author(s) from Durham


Volcanic rocks collected on flowline traverses on the flanks of the East Pacific Rise (EPR) document changes in axial magma chemistry with time, providing a record of the thermal history of axial magma chambers (AMC). We present data for a sample set of closely spaced (1–2 km) samples along EPR flowlines at three localities out to ∼800 ka showing both steady (constant average temperature) and non-steady state behavior of magma chambers on time scales of 200–500 ka. Though based on only three symmetrical traverses so far, it appears that magmatically robust ridge locations (11°20′N and 9°30′N) have steady state chambers, whereas a magmatically starved axis (10°30′N) shows large temperature changes with time. These observations provide a new petrologic perspective to the ongoing debate regarding the significance and causes of morphologic variations along the axis of the East Pacific Rise.