Roberts, D.L., Williams, K.J., Cowen, R.L., Barathova, M., Eustace, A.J. Brittain-Dissont, S., Tilby, M.J., Pearson, D.G., Ottley, C.J., Stratford, I.J. & Dive, C. (2009). Contribution of HIF-1 and drug penetrance to oxaliplatin resistance in hypoxic colorectal cancer cells. British Journal of Cancer 101
Author(s) from Durham
Background: Hypoxia is as an indicator of poor treatment outcome. Consistently, hypoxic HCT116 colorectal cancer cells are resistant to oxaliplatin, although the mechanistic basis is unclear. This study sought to investigate the relative contribution of HIF-1 (hypoxia-inducible factor-1)-mediated gene expression and drug penetrance to oxaliplatin resistance using three-dimensional spheroids.
Methods: Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α function was suppressed by the stable expression of a dominant-negative form in HCT116 cells (DN). Cells were drug exposed as monolayer or multicellular spheroid cultures. Cells residing at differing oxygenation status were isolated from Hoechst 33342-treated spheroids using flow cytometry. Sub-populations were subjected to clonogenic survival assays and to Inductively-Coupled Plasma Mass Spectroscopy to determine oxaliplatin uptake.
Results: In spheroids, a sensitivity gradient (hypoxic