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Durham University

Department of Earth Sciences

Postgraduate Students

Mr Christopher Ward

PhD Student in the Department of Earth Sciences

Contact Mr Christopher Ward


2016 - present: PhD, Durham University.

2013 - 2016: Graduate Geologist and Real-Time Drilling Analyst, Ikon GeoPressure

2014: Formation Evaluation, MSc Module, Heriot Watt University

2012 - 2013: Geoscience Internship, Ikon GeoPressure

2009 - 2012: BSc Hons Geology, University of Durham

PhD Research

Assessing how fracking fluids interact with shales in the subsurface and analysing potential flow back water compositions

This project focusses on how the Bowland Shale of the United Kingdom will interact with slick-water fracking fluids in subsurface conditions. In particular it focusses on the adsorptive behaviour of the commonly used friction reducer polyacrylamide. Shales are characterised both qualitatively and quantitatively and then the adsorption behaviour is tested in large batch reactions both in room temperature conditions and conditions which replicate the subsurface. In addition, mineral content of flow back fluid is analysed from all of these experiments.

The project is funded and supported by the Environment Agency of the United Kingdom.

Is supervised by


Conference Proceeding

  • O 'Connor, Stephen., Markham, Guy., Ward, Chris., Pindar, Bitrus., Umeron, Nancy., Adebeyo, Adedayo., Nwankwoagu, Kingsley., Asedegbega, Jerome., Scott-Ogunkoya, Olusola. & Lufadeju, Gbenga (2015). The influence of rock age, sedimentation rates and temperature on depo-centre pressure profiles, Onshore Niger Delta. GeoPressure 2015, Durham, England.

Journal Article