Durham University

Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies

Past Events and Bulletins


22 May 2019

(12:00 to 13:30)

Godon C K Cheung, Director of the Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies, gave a public seminar in Manchester China Institute

'China's new global economic footprint: the political economy of intellectual property rights and innovation protection'

Abstract:

China’s path of economic development embedded a clear envision for change. The political economy of the intellectual property rights (IPRs) has become the bone of contentions, not just between China and the US but also about China’s role and commitment in the global political economy. In this talk, I will briefly assess the state level, provincial and the pay-to-protect IPRs protection in China. I will further examine the US-China IPRs contentions and collaboration. Then, I will move to discuss the motivation behind China’s IPRs protection with reference to the cases of buy-in IPRs protection in cultural industry.

Christopher Courtney


Public Lecture

Topic: A Hidden Disaster: Mao’s China and the 1954 Yangzi River Flood

Dr Christopher Courtney (Durham University)

Room 102, Al-Qasimi Building, SGIA

11 March 2019 (Monday), 5:30 to 7:00pm

Peter Gries


Public Lecture

Topic: Are the US and China Fated to Fight?

Speaker: Professor Peter Gries (University of Manchester)

Room: W010, Geography Department

Date: 15 February 2019 (Friday), 4:30 to 6:00pm

Jennifer Bond


Public Lecture

Topic: ‘Our Country’s Future Leaders’: The YWCA within Mission Schools for Girls in Republican Era East China, 1918-1949

Speaker: Dr Jennifer Bond (Durham University)

Venue: Room 102, Al-Qasimi Building, School of Government & International Affairs

Date: 28 January 2019 (Monday), 5:30 to 7:00 pm

Elena Barabantseva


Public Lecture

Date: 14 January 2019 (Monday)

Time: 5:30 to 7:00pm

Venue: IM101, Al-Qasimi Building

Speaker: Elena Barabantseva (The University of Manchester)

Topic: Migration, Marriage and Citizenship across Chinese Borders

Keynote speaker: Tim Pringle


Sunday 4 November 2018

Labour in the Information Age: Technology as Supplement to Old Fashion or Stimulus to New Age

The Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies, Department of Sociology of Durham University and the British Sociological Association jointly organized the BSA Postgraduate Regional Event.

Date: Sunday 4 November 2018

Time: 10 am - 4 pm

Venue: Birley Room, Hatfield College, Durham University

Keynote Speaker

Professor Tim Pringle, SOAS

Postgraduate Talks:

Ms Lyndsey Kramer, University of York

Mr Cheng Lu, Durham University

Mr Chong Zhang, Durham University

(Including lunch and refreshments)


29 September 2018

Dr Gordon Cheung, Director of the Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies at Durham University, explains why Beijing is now serious about Intellectual Property Rights protection.


Congratulations:

Yuan He and Nikita Makarchev’s (PhD students, Cambridge University) new article ‘Neither Fair nor Efficient, but More Elitist: Meritocracy in Chinese Petroleum Firms’ published in The Journal of Contemporary China. An early version of the paper was presented in the Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies Public Lecture on 13 November 2017.


13 August 2018

Gordon Cheung's comments on Chinese food in the UK was cited in China Daily (UK) on

Britain's love affair with Chinese food

Martin Ward


1 May 2018

Public Lecture

Speaker: Prof. Martin Ward (Temple Chevallier Professor of Astronomy, Department of Physics, Durham University)

Topic: China’s increasing role in Space Science and Space Exploration

Date: 1 May 2018 (Tuesday)

Venue: Room 102, Al-Qasimi Building

Time: 6:30-8:00 pm


24 April 2018

Public Lecture

Speaker: Dr Astrid Nordin (Lancaster University)

Topic: China’s International Relations and Harmonious World: Time, Space and Multiplicity in World Politics (Book launch)

Date: 24 April 2018 (Tuesday)

Venue: Room 201, Al-Qasimi Building

Time: 5:15-6:30 pm


From left: Jennifer Hsu (speaker), Oana Burcu (chair)

13 February 2018

Public Lecture

Speaker: Dr Jennifer Y. J. Hsu (LSE)

Topic: State of Exchange: Migrant NGOs and the Chinese Government

Date: 13 February 2018 (Tuesday)

Venue: Room 102, Al-Qasimi Building

Time: 6:15-8:15 pm

in various journals including the Journal of Contemporary China, Progress in Development Studies, The China Quarterly, Urban Studies and Voluntas.

Patricia M. Thornton


29 January 2018

Public Lecture

Topic: Afterlives of China's Mao era, and why they matter today

Speaker: Professor Patricia Thornton

University of Oxford

Venue: Room 201, Al-Qasimi Building, School of Government & International Affairs

Date: 29 January 2018 (Monday)

Time: 5:30 to 7:00 pm


12 December 2017

The Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies (CCCS) meeting was held in Room 205, Al-Qasimi Building.

Caroline Reeves


4 December 2017

Lee Foundation Public Lecture

Topic: Chinese Giving: What Can We Expect?

Speaker: Caroline Reeves

Harvard University

Venue: Room 102, Al-Qasimi Building, School of Government & International Affairs

Date: 4 December 2017 (Monday)

Time: 6:15 to 7:30 pm


Zhang Qiang


21 November 2017

Public Lecture

Topic: "The spirit of 19th National Congress of Communist Party of China and Administrative Reform"

Speaker: Professor Zhang Qiang

South China Normal University

Venue: Room 102, Al-Qasimi Building, School of Government & International Affairs

Date: 21 November 2017 (Tuesday)

Time: 5:45 to 7:15 pm

Nikita Makarchev


13 November 2017

Seminar

Topic: Recruitment and Selection in China's Petroleum Sector: The Making and Unmaking of a New Governance Logic

Speakers: Nikita Makarchev and Yuan He

Cambridge University

Venue: Room 101, Al-Qasimi Building, School of Government & International Affairs

Date: 13 November 2017 (Monday)

Time: 6:15 to 7:30 pm

Yuan He

From left: Gordon Cheung, David Held and Henry Yeung


16 October 2017

The Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies welcomed Prof. Henry Yeung for a short visit on 16 October 2017. Prof. Henry Yeung is Professor of Economic Geography at the National University of Singapore and Co-Director of GPN@NUS Centre. He is also Director of JY Pillay Comparative Asia Research Centre@NUS, Global Asia Institute. He had a brief meeting with Dr. Gordon Cheung (Director) and Prof. David Held (Master of the University College) in the Castle.


British Association for Chinese Studies (BACS) Annual Conference, University of Glasgow, 7-9 September 2017

Dr Gordon Cheung was invited to attend the 'Round Table of Heads and Representatives of Departments of Chinese Studies' in the British Association for Chinese Studies Annual Conference. He chaired a panel entitled 'Chinese Economic Growth' and presented a paper on intellectual property rights in China.


New member of CCCS:

Oana Burcu (Teaching Fellow)

I am delighted to be joining SGIA and the Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies. One of my main tasks within the school is to develop the portfolio on East Asian politics and to teach both undergraduate and postgraduate students to whom I hope I will convey my passion for the subject. My primary area of interest is Chinese politics, especially Chinese nationalism and Sino-Japanese relations, as well as China’s foreign policy more broadly. I am therefore looking forward to working with the multi-disciplinary research Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies, to connect with scholars in the field and engage in stimulating debates on contemporary China and East Asia issues.

I took a Master’s degree in International Relations on Contemporary Asian Pacific Studies at the University of Birmingham before completing my Doctorate at the University of Nottingham.


2017 International Conference on Integrated Development of Digital Publishing and Digital Libraries, 16-21 August 2017, Taiyuan, China

Durham University Library was a special guest of honour institution at this year’s Conference which was attended by over 1,200 participants, consisted of library and museum directors, leaders of cultural organizations, government officials, academics, publishers, software systems developers from across China, Asia Pacific and globally. Dr Sunuodula Mamtimyn, our Centre’s member, gave a paper entitled: “Beyond the Confines of Sinology: ‘Going Out’ and Service Innovation in Chinese Studies Libraries in the 21st Century”. He talked about international content (books, journals, archival and rare material, online databases) and international expertise in libraries and their role in wider university internationalisation, using some of the recent internationalisation activities at Durham University Library as case studies. Durham University Library and Dr Sunuodula was one of a few guest of honour institutions that was mentioned in the Conference’s opening address by the Conference chairman. The Conference itself was a significant event and it was reported on the prime time Chinese national television news.

Please select photo to view more


ICAS10, 20-23 July 2017:

Gordon Cheung gave a paper entitled 'Intellectual property rights in China: New dynamics and changes of the protection of well-known marks' and chaired a panel 'Changing Relations with China: From the Silk Road to the Pacific' in the 10th International Convention of Asia Scholars in Chiang Mai, Thailand. He also came across many previous contributors of East Asia: An International Quarterly and met some board members. The ICAS10, organised by the International Institute for Asian Studies, was joined with more than 1,250 scholars on Asian studies.

Please select photo to view more


21-22 March 2017

International Conference

Title: 'One Belt, One Road' and China's Westward Pivot: Past, Present and Future

Venue: Al-Qasimi Building, SGIA

Co-organisers:

Al-Sabah Programme, Durham University

Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies, Durham University

Danish Institute for International Studies

Grey College, Durham University

Resources


23 February 2017

Chatham House presentation

‘The Renminbi: A New Global Currency?’

Gordon Cheung, Director of the Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies, gave a talk in a panel entitled ‘The Renminbi: A New Global Currency?’ in Chatham House on 23 February 2017.


19 January 2017

Public Lecture

Title: China’s Global Leadership Narrative in the 21st Century

Co-organiser:

Al-Sabah Programme

Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies

Speaker: Prof. Niv Horesh

Date: 19 January 2017

Time: 1:00 pm

Venue: Room 102, Al-Qasimi Building, SGIA

Prof. Niv Horesh is Visiting Research Fellow in SGIA. He is a China specialist with over 20 years of experience ranging across the private sector, public service and academia. Between 2000-2003, he lived and worked in Beijing, and has been visiting different parts of the Chinese-speaking world regularly since. In 2002, Niv received accreditation as Professional NAATI Translator from Chinese into English.

Resources

  • Poster (last modified: 16 February 2017)Graphics file

Gordon Cheung (seven from left)


25 October 2016

Gordon Cheung (Director) was invited by The China Institute of Overseas Chinese History to give a public seminar entltled ‘Chinese Culture and Chinese Business: The Case of UK Chinese Food Enterprises’ on 25 October 2016 in Beijing.


Wei Lun Distinguished Visiting Professor (September to November 2016)

Gordon Cheung’s (Director) successful application to become the Wei Lun Distinguished Visiting Professor for three months (1 Sept. to 30 Nov. 2016) in the Institute of Economics at Tsinghua University.


14 September 2016

Durham Chinese School students achieved 100% A* grade in this year's GCSE examination. There were a total of 12 students (a record number for the School) who took the Mandarin Chinese GCSE exam and all students achieved the highest A* grade. The School offers Chinese language education to school-age children from all backgrounds and organize cultural events. The School is supported by the Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies and is currently headed by the Acting Director and Secretary of the Centre.


AHRC Grant

Dr Cao Qing (MLAC), our Centre’s member, was one of the Co-Investigators of the major £3.9 million project ‘Cross-Language Dynamics: Reshaping Community’ granted by the AHRC. The project is led by Stephen Hutchings of Manchester University.


Hunan Foundation for Practicing Traditional Chinese Culture Grant

Two members of the Centre, Dr Binghan Zheng from MLAC (PI) and Dr Mamtimyn Sunuodula from the Library (Co-I), received a research grant (£56,710) from Hunan Foundation for Practicing Traditional Chinese Culture, Changsha, China for a three-year project (2015-18) entitled ‘Traditional Chinese Culture and Modern Management’.


23 May 2016

The Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies (CCCS) committee meeting was held in Room 222, Al-Qasimi Building from 12:30 to 2:00 pm.

Stephan Haggard


5 May 2016

Public Lecture

Title: Engaging North Korea: Sanctions, Inducements and the Nuclear Crisis

Speaker: Prof. Stephan Haggard

Date: 5th May 2016 (Thursday)

Time: 3:30-5:00

Venue: Room 102, Al-Qasimi Building, SGIA


Schwarzman Scholars

A final year student, Tara Subba, from SGIA, was awarded Schwarzman Scholars and will join the global leaders program at Tsinghua University in China for the next academic year. She is one of the 111 students selected from a pool of more than 3,000 applicants from 135 countries. The link from the university is as follows:

Durham News


Dafydd J. Fell

4 March 2016

Public Lecture

Title: 'Taiwan’s Political History 1945-2000 in Eleven (Election) Advertisements'

Speaker: Dr Dafydd J. Fell (SOAS), University of London

Date: 4 March 2016

Time: 5:00pm - 6:15pm

Venue: Room 102, Al-Qasimi Building

Gary Craig


23 February 2016

Title: 'UK Chinese Population in the North East Region'

Speaker: Prof Gary Craig (Durham University)

Date: 23rd February 2016

Time: 6:30pm - 7:45pm

Venue: Room 102, Al-Qasimi Building

Gary Craig is Professor of Community Development and Social Justice at Durham University. His research interests include 'race' and ethnicity, modern slavery, poverty and deprivation and community development. He has led two major research institutes and more than 100 research studies, including several looking at the situation of Chinese people in this country.


8 December 2015

The Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies (CCCS) committee meeting was held in Al-Qasimi Building from 12:30 to 2:00 pm.

From left: Gordon Cheung (Director) and Mr Laurence Brahm


05 December 2015

Gordon Cheung (Director) met with Mr Laurence Brahm in the Wellcome Collection in London. Laurence Brahm is a well-known public intellectual, pioneer social entrepreneur and prolific writer. He is the founder of Himalayan Consensus and African Consensus. He has been advising the Chinese government on the environmental issues since 2012. His latest book is Fusion Economics: How Pragmatism is Changing the World (Palgrave 2014).


12 November 2015

The Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies (CCCS) helped co-organise an international conference: The 1st Durham-Huxiang Forum on Chinese Studies: Traditional Chinese Culture & Its Application in Modern Business Management. The two main organisers were The Centre for Intercultural Mediation of Durham University (Dr Binghan Zheng, the Director, is the member of CCCS) and Hunan Foundation for Practicing Tradition Chinese Culture, China. It was held in Joachim Room, St Hild & St Bede College. Speakers included: Dr Yongjiang Shi, Cambridge University; Mr Don Starr, Durham University; Dr Wenxuan Hou, Edinburgh University; Prof Hanmin Zhu and Prof Sui Hu, Hunan University; and Prof Yu Xiong, Newcastle Business School, etc.


Professor Master Chin-Kung (second from right)


21 September 2015

Durham University has recently received a donation of 1,500 volume set (containing 3,641 titles) fine, cloth-bound reproduction of Qing Dynasty Emperor Qianlong’s (1711-1799) Complete Library of Four Treasures (四库全书), thanks to a generous donation from Hong Kong based Chin-Kung Multicultural Education Foundation. To celebrate, the Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies of (SGIA), the University Library, the Centre for Intercultural Mediation of (MLAC) held a joint conference on 21 September 2015 to mark the donation.

The Northern Echo coverage

BBC news on Professor Master Chin-Kung

Resources

Andrew Wedeman


3 November 2015

Public Lecture:

Title: Anti-corruption Campaign or Political Purge? Xi Jinping’s Tiger Hunt

Speaker: Andrew Wedeman, Department of Political Science, Georgia State University

Time: Tuesday 3rd November (6.30pm – 8.00pm)

Venue:Al-Qasimi Building, Room 102


August 2015

Durham University Chinese Students and Scholars Association (CSSA) is hosting a series of China-based cocktails events in Beijing and Shanghai in August 2015 to facilitate more exchanges amongst the alumni, students and businesses in China.

Social Media Link

Resources


10 June 2015

Dr Gordon Cheung, Director of CCCS met with Profesor Germán Camilo Prieto from the Departamento de Relaciones Internacionales of the Pontificia Universidad Javeriana of Colombia for potential academic and student exchange. The meeting, held in room PCL169 Palatine Centre between 10:30 to 12:00, was chaired by Chris Macallister, Regional Manager Latin America and Europe of the International Office at Durham University. Colleagues from the Department of Geography and School of Law were also at the meeting.


1 June 2015

Dr Gordon Cheung, Director of CCCS, was invited to the ‘Meeting of Heads of Chinese Studies’ organised by the British Association of Chinese Studies (BACS). It was chaired by Professor Jane Duckett, President of BACS. The meeting was held in Samuel Alexander Building, University of Manchester.


14 May 2015

The Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies (CCCS) committee meeting was held in room 222, Al-Qasimi Building from 12:30 to 2:00 pm.

The group photo


25 April 2015

The second ‘UK-China Economic Forum' was held on Saturday, 25th April 2015 (2:00-5:00pm) in Room ER140, Elvet Riverside, Durham University. The Forum was organised by the Chinese Students and Scholars Association (CSSA), and jointly supported by Durham Business School, the Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies and Ernst & Young.

The excellent speakers included Lord Bates, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, former deputy chair of the Conservative Party; Lady Bates; Mr. Raymond Li, Director of the BBC Chinese; Huabin Wang, Deputy General Manager of the Bank of China (UK), Mr Roderic Wye: former Director of FCO and Senior Fellow of Chatham House; and Prof. Yong Ding Yu: Chair of International Economy Research Institute of China, Academician of Chinese Academy of Science. The forum was fully enjoyed by the students with a further networking session with all the speakers at the end.

The Forum was covered by the Phoenix CNE (凤凰卫视欧洲台). The link of the broadcast can be found as follows:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fl2-jdqOV0c


26-29 March 2015

Dr Gordon Cheung was invited by the CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure) to comment their new products in the Association for Asian Studies (AAS) conference, Sheraton Chicago Hotel and Towers, Chicago. He also met some editorial board members of East Asia: An International Quarterly, including Elizabeth Wishnick (Montclair State University) and Jurgen Haacke (LSE), and came across some of the previous contributors of the journal.

Dr David Kerr


6 March 2015

Dr David Kerr (Durham University) gave a public lecture on 6 March 2015. The topic was 'Sinocentrism Redux? China’s Plans for the New Asia and Responses to It'. The public lecture was held in room IM201, Al-Qasimi Building, School of Government & International Affairs. The lecture was based on an abridged version of the paper given in the International Studies Association (ISA), 18-21 February 2015, New Orleans, USA.

Mayor John Robinson (second from right) and Mayoress (first from right)


1 March 2015

Durham Chinese School organized the Chinese New Year Celebration on 1 March 2015. It was held in James Hall, Durham Johnston School. The event was jointly supported by Durham Johnston Comprehensive School, Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies and the Oriental Museum. The event was joined by many guests such as, prof. Anwei Feng, former Head Teacher of Durham Chinese School, Dr Gordon Cheung, Director of Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies, Mr Mamtimyn Sunuodula, Head Teacher of Durham Chinese School, prof David Cowling, Pro-Vice-Chancellor of Durham University, Right Worshipful Mayor John Robinson and Mayoress of Durham.

Public Lecture, Q & A session, Prof Schubert (left) and Dr Cheung, Director (right)


16 January 2015

With the support from the Matariki Network of Universities (MNU) travel Grant, the Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies (CCCS) was honoured of receiving prof. Gunter Schubert from 14 to 17 January 2015 for a visit. Prof Schubert is Chair of Greater China Studies and the founder and director of the European Research Center on Contemporary Taiwan (ERCCT) at Tubingen University. Prof Schubert gave a Public Lecture entitled ‘Cadre-Business Relations and Regime Legitimacy in Contemporary China.’ He also led a small group discussion entitled "Looking back and ahead: Taiwan after the Sunflower Movement.". Both events took place on 16 January 2015.


4 December 2014

The Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies (CCCS) committee meeting was held in room 222, Al-Qasimi Building from 12:30 to 2:00 pm.


15 November 2014

Durham Chinese Students and Scholars Association (CSSA) and Durham Hong Kong Society (DHKS) jointly organised the Durham Joint-Society International Affairs Conference 2014 on 15 November 2014. It was held in the Palace Green Debating Chamber, Durham University. The topic of the conference was 'HK Occupy Central'. The two speakers were Professor Jeffrey Henderson, Director of the Centre for East Asian Studies, University of Bristol and Mr Raymond Li, the head of the Chinese Service of the BBC. The Panel Discussion Chair was Dr Gordon Cheung, Director of the Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies, Durham University. It was a very successful event resulted in excellent discussion, questions and answers. There were around 150 students attended.

Resources

Gary D. Rawnsley


16 October 2014

Professor Gary D. Rawnsley, Director of International Academic Strategy, Professor of Public Diplomacy, Department of International Politics, Aberystwyth University gave a public lecture on 'There's something about being small': Taiwan's public diplomacy and soft power' on 16 October 2014. It was held in Room CG91, Authur Holmes Lecture Theatre, Chemistry Department, Durham University.

 


4 October 2014

Durham Chinese Students and Scholars Association (CSSA) organised the welcoming meeting for the new Chinese students on 4 October 2014. There were around 200 students participated. Guest speakers including Dr Gordon Cheung, Director of the Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies at Durham University and Mr Nigel van Zwanenberg, Chairman of Durham Regatta.


21 to 22 June 2014

The China Postgraduate Network 2014 Annual Conference was held at Durham University. The Conference was jointly supported by the British Association for Chinese Studies, Durham University and the University of Nottingham.

Time: 9:30 am to 5:00 pm

Date: Saturday and Sunday, 21-22 June 2014

Venue: Arthur Holmes, CG91, Chemistry Department, Durham University


27 May 2014

The Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies (CCCS) committee meeting was held in room 222, Al-Qasimi Building from 12:30 to 2:00 pm.


20 May 2014

CCCS received a new grant from Matariki Network of Universities (MNU). The grant will help bring vistor/s doing Greater China studies from Tubingen University.


Conference participants

10 May 2014

The '2014 Durham CSSA Cultural & Business Conference: Sino-British Dialogue' was held in Room ER201, Elvet Riverside, Durham University from 1:30 to 5:30 pm.

The Conference was organised by the Chinese Students and Scholars Association (CSSA), and jointly supported by the School of Government & International Affairs, the Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies and Durham Business School.


27 February 2014

Gordon Cheung, Director of CCCS, was invited to give a talk on 'China's identity and the global economy' in a conference 'American Structural Power and the Rise of China', organised by the Obama Research Network, The ESRC Seminar Series on the Future of American Power, City University of London.


9 February 2014

Dr Gordon Cheung, Director of CCCS, was invited to the Chinese New Year Party of Durham Chinese School.


7 February 2014

Prof. Shih Chih-yu, National Taiwan University, gave a public lecture entitled, 'Governance, Governmentality, and Governability: Cyclical Historiography of Chinese Non-Interventionism in World Affairs'. 


1 February 2014

Gordon Cheung, Director of CCCS, was invited as VIP guest to the 2014 Five-University Chinese New Year Gala. It was organised by the Chinese Students and Scholars Associations (CSSA) from five universities (Durham, Newcastle, Northumbria, Sunderland and Teesside).


13 January 2014

Dr Gordon Cheung, Director of CCCS, was invited to be the member of the Academic Advisory Board of the Center for Chinese Entrepreneur Studies, Tsinghua University, China.


19 November 2013

Peking University Delegation Visit

Peking University Delegation paid visit to The School of Government and International Affairs. The delegation was led by Prof Liu Wei (Executive Vice President), Prof Li Qiang (Assistant President, Director of Office of Humanities & Social Sciences), Prof Fan Shiming (Deputy Dean of School of International Studies) and Dr Zheng Ruqing (Deputy Director of Office of International Relations). The delegates were warmly received by Dr Gordon C. K. Cheung (Deputy Director of the Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies), Prof Anoush Ehteshami (Director of the Al-Sabah Programme), Prof Shaun Gregory (Director of PGR), Prof Alice Hills (Director of Research), Prof Emma Murphy (up-coming Head of School), and Prof James Piscatori (Head of School).