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Durham University

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Staff Profile

Prof Steve Lindsay, PhD, BSc

Professor in the Department of Biosciences
Telephone: +44 (0) 191 33 41291
Fax: +44 (0)191 334 1201

Contact Prof Steve Lindsay (email at


Professor Steve Lindsay is a public health entomologist with a passion for studying some of the world's most important vector-borne diseases, including malaria, lymphatic filariasis, dengue and trachoma. He has considerable experience in medical entomology, parasitology, ecology and clinical epidemiology and solves pure and applied problems in the laboratory and field using a wide range of techniques from DNA finger-printing and mathematical modelling, to methods used by social scientists, epidemiologists and biologists. His particular interest is in the design of simple tools for malaria control and he has carried out field studies in The Gambia, Burkina Faso, China, Ethiopia, Kenya, Laos PDR, Tanzania, Thailand and Uganda over the last 30 years. He has published over 200 peer-reviewed papers, many in major international journals. He was in one of the leading group of researchers in the 1980s that demonstrated that insecticide-treated bednets protected children against malaria. Since then he has helped develop and carry out field trials of topical repellents, larval source management, combinations of long-lasting insecticidal nets and indoor residual spraying, new resistance-busting mosquito nets and house screening. He is an advocate for integrated vector management and the improvement of housing as a protection against vector-borne diseases. He has an Honorary Chair in Public Health Entomology at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and is chair of the Larval Source Management workstream of Roll Back Malaria (RBM), co-chair of the Housing and Malaria workstream of RBM and is a member of the World Health Organisations' Vector Control Advisory Group and Technical Advisory Group for Neglected Tropical Diseases. 

Project Pages

Research Groups

Department of Biosciences

Wolfson Research Institute for Health and Wellbeing

Research Interests

  • Malaria vector control
  • Housing and malaria
  • Integrated vector control
  • Vector ecology and behaviour
  • Ecology of infectious diseases
  • Study design of field trials


Journal Article

  • Tusting, Lucy S, Bradley, John, Bhatt, Samir, Gibson, Harry S, Weiss, Daniel J, Shenton, Fiona C & Lindsay, Steve W (2020). Environmental temperature and growth faltering in African children: a cross-sectional study. The Lancet Planetary Health 4(3): e116.
  • Tusting, Lucy S., Gething, Peter W., Gibson, Harry S., Greenwood, Brian, Knudsen, Jakob, Lindsay, Steve W. & Bhatt, Samir (2020). Housing and child health in sub-Saharan Africa: A cross-sectional analysis. PLOS Medicine 17(3): e1003055.
  • Robinson, Ailie, Bristow, Julie, Holl, Matthew V., Makalo, Pateh, Alemayehu, Wondu, Bailey, Robin L., Macleod, David, Birkett, Michael A., Caulfield, John C., Sarah, Virginia, Pickett, John A., Dewhirst, Sarah, Chen-Hussey, Vanessa, Woodcock, Christine M., D’Alessandro, Umberto, Last, Anna, Burton, Matthew J., Lindsay, Steve W. & Logan, James G. (2020). Responses of the putative trachoma vector, Musca sorbens, to volatile semiochemicals from human faeces. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 14(3): e0007719.
  • Ahmed, Ayman, Dietrich, Isabelle, LaBeaud, A. Desiree, Lindsay, Steve W., Musa, Ahmed & Weaver, Scott C. (2020). Risks and Challenges of Arboviral Diseases in Sudan: The Urgent Need for Actions. Viruses 12(1): 81.
  • Wilson, Anne L., Courtenay, Orin, Kelly-Hope, Louise A., Scott, Thomas W., Takken, Willem, Torr, Steve J. & Lindsay, Steve W. (2020). The importance of vector control for the control and elimination of vector-borne diseases. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 14(1): e0007831.
  • Wu, Sean L., Sánchez C., Héctor M., Henry, John M., Citron, Daniel T., Zhang, Qian, Compton, Kelly, Liang, Biyonka, Verma, Amit, Cummings, Derek A. T., Le Menach, Arnaud, Scott, Thomas W., Wilson, Anne L., Lindsay, Steven W., Moyes, Catherine L., Hancock, Penny A., Russell, Tanya L., Burkot, Thomas R., Marshall, John M., Kiware, Samson, Reiner, Robert C. & Smith, David L. (2020). Vector bionomics and vectorial capacity as emergent properties of mosquito behaviors and ecology. PLOS Computational Biology 16(4): e1007446.
  • Musiime, Alex K., Smith, David L., Kilama, Maxwell, Rek, John, Arinaitwe, Emmanuel, Nankabirwa, Joaniter I., Kamya, Moses R., Conrad, Melissa D., Dorsey, Grant, Akol, Anne M., Staedke, Sarah G., Lindsay, Steve W. & Egonyu, James P. (2019). Impact of vector control interventions on malaria transmission intensity, outdoor vector biting rates and Anopheles mosquito species composition in Tororo, Uganda. Malaria Journal 18(1): 445.
  • Takken, Willlem & Lindsay, Steve (2019). Increased Threat of Urban Malaria from Anopheles stephensi Mosquitoes, Africa. Emerging Infectious Diseases 25(7): 1431-1432.
  • von Seidlein, Lorenz, Wood, Hannah, Brittain, Otis Sloan, Tusting, Lucy, Bednarz, Alexa, Mshamu, Salum, Kahabuka, Catherine, Deen, Jacqueline, Bell, David, Lindsay, Steve W. & Knudsen, Jakob (2019). Knowledge gaps in the construction of rural healthy homes: A research agenda for improved low-cost housing in hot-humid Africa. PLOS Medicine 16(10): e1002909.
  • Tusting, Lucy S., Bisanzio, Donal, Alabaster, Graham, Cameron, Ewan, Cibulskis, Richard, Davies, Michael, Flaxman, Seth, Gibson, Harry S., Knudsen, Jakob, Mbogo, Charles, Okumu, Fredros O., von Seidlein, Lorenz, Weiss, Daniel J., Lindsay, Steve W., Gething, Peter W. & Bhatt, Samir (2019). Mapping changes in housing in sub-Saharan Africa from 2000 to 2015. Nature 568: 391-394
  • Cooper, Laura, Kang, Su Yun, Bisanzio, Donal, Maxwell, Kilama, Rodriguez-Barraquer, Isabel, Greenhouse, Bryan, Drakeley, Chris, Arinaitwe, Emmanuel, G. Staedke, Sarah, Gething, Peter W., Eckhoff, Philip, Reiner, Robert C., Hay, Simon I., Dorsey, Grant, Kamya, Moses R., Lindsay, Steven W., Grenfell, Bryan T. & Smith, David L. (2019). Pareto rules for malaria super-spreaders and super-spreading. Nature Communications 10(1): 3939.
  • Lindsay, Steve W., Jawara, Musa, Mwesigwa, Julia, Achan, Jane, Bayoh, Nabie, Bradley, John, Kandeh, Balla, Kirby, Matthew J., Knudsen, Jakob, Macdonald, Mike, Pinder, Margaret, Tusting, Lucy S., Weiss, Dan J., Wilson, Anne L. & D’Alessandro, Umberto (2019). Reduced mosquito survival in metal-roof houses may contribute to a decline in malaria transmission in sub-Saharan Africa. Scientific Reports 9(1): 7770.
  • Shenton, Fiona C., Addissie, Adamu, Alabaster, Graham, Baziwe, Dorothy, Carrasco Tenezaca, Maria, Chinula, Dingani, Jatta, Ebrima, Jawara, Musa, Jones, Robert, Knudsen, Jakob, Krystosik, Amy Robyn, McCann, Robert, Murima, Ng’Ang’a, Mutuku, Francis, Nguela, Rachel Laure, Nieto Sanchez, Claudia, Nix, Emily, Okumu, Fredros, Ruel-Bergeron, Sarah, Spitzen, Jeroen, Tusting, Lucy S., Wilson, Anne L., Wood, Hannah, Zahouli Bi Zahouli, Julien, Davies, Michael & Lindsay, Steve W. (2019). Research agenda for preventing mosquito-transmitted diseases through improving the built environment in sub-Saharan Africa. Cities & Health
  • Kasstan, B, Hampshire, K , Guest, C Logan, JG, Pinder,M Williams, K D'Alessandro, U & Lindsay, SW (2019). Sniff and tell: the feasibility of using bio-detection dogs as a mobile diagnostic intervention for asymptomatic malaria in sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Biosocial Science 51(3): 436-443.
  • Mbare, Oscar, Lindsay, Steven W. & Fillinger, Ulrike (2019). Testing a pyriproxyfen auto-dissemination station attractive to gravid Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto for the development of a novel attract-release -and-kill strategy for malaria vector control. BMC Infectious Diseases 19(1): 800.
  • Guest, Claire, Pinder, Margaret, Doggett, Mark, Squires, Chelci, Affara, Muna, Kandeh, Balla, Dewhirst, Sarah, Morant, Steven V, D'Alessandro, Umberto, Logan, James G & Lindsay, Steve W (2019). Trained dogs identify people with malaria parasites by their odour. The Lancet Infectious Diseases 19(6): 578-580.
  • Staedke, Sarah G., Maiteki-Sebuguzi, Catherine, Rehman, Andrea M., Kigozi, Simon P., Gonahasa, Samuel, Okiring, Jaffer, Lindsay, Steve W., Kamya, Moses R., Chandler, Clare I. R., Dorsey, Grant & Drakeley, Chris (2018). Assessment of community-level effects of intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in schoolchildren in Jinja, Uganda (START-IPT trial): a cluster-randomised trial. The Lancet Global Health 6(6): e668-e679.
  • Tangena, Julie-Anne A., Marcombe, Sébastien, Thammavong, Phoutmany, Chonephetsarath, Somsanith, Somphong, Boudsady, Sayteng, Kouxiong, Grandadam, Marc, Sutherland, Ian W., Lindsay, Steve W. & Brey, Paul T. (2018). Bionomics and insecticide resistance of the arboviral vector Aedes albopictus in northern Lao PDR. PLOS ONE 13(10): e0206387.
  • Brugman, Victor Albert, Medlock, Jolyon M, Logan, James G, Wilson, Anthony J, Lindsay, Steve W, Fooks, Anthony R, Mertens, Peter P C, Johnson, Nicholas & Carpenter, Simon T (2018). Bird-biting mosquitoes on farms in southern England. Veterinary Record 183: 474.
  • Tiono, Alfred B, Ouédraogo, Alphonse, Ouattara, Daouda, Bougouma, Edith C, Coulibaly, Sam, Diarra, Amidou, Faragher, Brian, Guelbeogo, Moussa W, Grisales, Nelson, Ouédraogo, Issa N, Ouédraogo, Zininwindé Amidou, Pinder, Margaret, Sanon, Souleymane, Smith, Tom, Vanobberghen, Fiona, Sagnon, N'Fale, Ranson, Hilary & Lindsay, Steve W. (2018). Efficacy of Olyset Duo, a bednet containing pyriproxyfen and permethrin, versus a permethrin-only net against clinical malaria in an area with highly pyrethroid-resistant vectors in rural Burkina Faso: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. The Lancet 392(10147): 569-580.
  • Wilson, A.L., Pinder, M., Bradley, J., Donnelly, M.J., Hamid-Adiamoh, M., Jarju, L.B.S., Jawara, M., Jeffries, D., Kandeh, B., Rippon, E.J., Salami, K., D’Alessandro, U. & Lindsay, S.W. (2018). Emergence of knock-down resistance in the Anopheles gambiae complex in the Upper River Region, The Gambia, and its relationship with malaria infection in children. Malaria Journal 17: 205.
  • Tangena, Julie-Anne A., Thammavong, Phoutmany, Chonephetsarath, Somsanith, Logan, James G., Brey, Paul T. & Lindsay, Steve W. (2018). Field evaluation of personal protection methods against outdoor-biting mosquitoes in Lao PDR. Parasites & Vectors 11(1): 661.
  • Kang, Su Yun, Battle, Katherine E., Gibson, Harry S., Cooper, Laura V., Maxwell, Kilama, Kamya, Moses, Lindsay, Steven W., Dorsey, Grant, Greenhouse, Bryan, Rodriguez-Barraquer, Isabel, Reiner, Robert C. Jr., Smith, David L. & Bisanzio, Donal (2018). Heterogeneous exposure and hotspots for malaria vectors at three study sites in Uganda. Gates Open Research 2: 32.
  • Jatta, Ebrima, Jawara, Musa, Bradley, John, Jeffries, David, Kandeh, Balla, Knudsen, Jakob B, Wilson, Anne L, Pinder, Margaret, D'Alessandro, Umberto & Lindsay, Steve W (2018). How house design affects malaria mosquito density, temperature, and relative humidity: an experimental study in rural Gambia. The Lancet Planetary Health 2(11): e498-e508.
  • Wilson, A.L., Bradley, J., Kandeh, B., Salami, K., D’Alessandro, U., Pinder, M. & Lindsay, S.W. (2018). Is chronic malnutrition associated with an increase in malaria incidence? A cohort study in children aged under 5 years in rural Gambia. Parasites & Vectors 11: 451.
  • Jawara, Musa, Bell, David, D’Alessandro, Umberto, Hunt, Victoria, Jones, Caroline, Pinder, Margaret, Knudsen, Jakob, Burkot, Thomas R., Jatta, Ebrima, Manjang, Aji Matty, Lindsay, Steve W., Stone, Shannon, Bradley, John & Kandeh, Balla (2018). New Prototype Screened Doors and Windows for Excluding Mosquitoes from Houses: A Pilot Study in Rural Gambia. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 99(6): 1475-1484.
  • James, Stephanie, Godfray, H. Charles J., Lindsay, Steve W., Welkhoff, Philip A., Savadogo, Moussa, Touré, Yeya T., Greenwood, Brian, Collins, Frank H., Quemada, Hector, Tountas, Karen H., Gottlieb, Michael, Mbogo, Charles M., Emerson, Claudia, Okumu, Fredros O. & Singh, Jerome A. (2018). Pathway to Deployment of Gene Drive Mosquitoes as a Potential Biocontrol Tool for Elimination of Malaria in Sub-Saharan Africa: Recommendations of a Scientific Working Group †. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 98(6_Suppl): 1-49.
  • Rek, John C, Alegana, Victor, Arinaitwe, Emmanuel, Cameron, Ewan, Kamya, Moses R, Katureebe, Agaba, Lindsay, Steve W, Kilama, Maxwell, Staedke, Sarah G, Todd, Jim, Dorsey, Grant & Tusting, Lucy S (2018). Rapid improvements to rural Ugandan housing and their association with malaria from intense to reduced transmission: a cohort study. The Lancet Planetary Health 2(2): e83-e94.
  • Von Seidlein, L., Ikonomedis, K., Mshamu, S., Nkya, T.E., Mukaka, M., Pell, C., Lindsay, S.W., Deen, J., Kisinza, W.N. & Knudsen, J.B. (2017). Affordable house designs to improve health in rural Africa: a field study from northeastern Tanzania. The Lancet Planetary Health 1(5): e188-e199.
  • Njoroge, M.M., Tirados, I., Lindsay, S.W., Vale, G.A., Torr, S.J. & Fillinger, U. (2017). Exploring the potential of using cattle for malaria vector surveillance and control: a pilot study in western Kenya. Parasites & Vectors 10(1): 18.
  • Tusting, L.S., Bottomley, C., Gibson, H., Kleinschmidt, I., Tatem, A.J., Lindsay, S.W. & Gething, P.W. (2017). Housing Improvements and Malaria Risk in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Multi-Country Analysis of Survey Data. PLOS Medicine 14(2): e1002234.
  • Lindsay, S.W., Wilson, A.L., Golding, N., Scott, T.W. & Takken, W. (2017). Improving the built environment in urban areas to control Aedes aegypti-borne diseases. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 95(8): 607-608.
  • The malERA Refresh Consultative Panel on Tools for Malaria Elimination (2017). malERA: An updated research agenda for diagnostics, drugs, vaccines, and vector control in malaria elimination and eradication. PLOS Medicine 14(11): e1002455.
  • Mwesigwa, Julia, Achan, Jane, Di Tanna, Gian Luca, Affara, Muna, Jawara, Musa, Worwui, Archibald, Hamid-Adiamoh, Majidah, Kanuteh, Fatoumatta, Ceesay, Sainey, Bousema, Teun, Drakeley, Chris, Grietens, Koen Peeters, Lindsay, Steve W., Van geertruyden, Jean-Pierre & D’Alessandro, Umberto (2017). Residual malaria transmission dynamics varies across The Gambia despite high coverage of control interventions. PLOS ONE 12(11): e0187059.
  • Raouf, S., Mpimbaza, A., Kigozi, R., Sserwanga, A., Rubahike, A., Katamba, H., Lindsay, S.W., Kapella, B.K., Belay, K.A., Kamya, M.R., Staedke, S.G. & Dorsey, G. (2017). Resurgence of malaria following discontinuation of indoor residual spraying of insecticide in a previously high transmission intensity area of Uganda. Clinical Infectious Diseases 65(3): 453-460.
  • Tangena, Julie-Anne A., Thammavong, Phoutmany, Lindsay, Steve W. & Brey, Paul T. (2017). Risk of exposure to potential vector mosquitoes for rural workers in Northern Lao PDR. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 11(7): e0005802.
  • Browne, A.J., Guerra, C.A., Alves, R.V., Costa, V.M., Wilson, A.L., Pigott, D.M., Hay, S.I., Lindsay, S.W., Golding, N. & Moyes, C.L. (2017). The contemporary distribution of Trypanosoma cruzi infection in humans, alternative hosts and vectors. Scientific Data 4: 170050.
  • Bangert, Mathieu, Molyneux, David H., Lindsay, Steve W., Fitzpatrick, Christopher & Engels, Dirk (2017). The cross-cutting contribution of the end of neglected tropical diseases to the sustainable development goals. Infectious Diseases of Poverty 6(1): 73.
  • Hiscox, A., Hirooka, R., Vongphayloth, K., Hill, N., Lindsay, S.W., Grandadam, M. & Brey, P.T. (2016). Armigeres subalbatus colonization of damaged pit latrines: a nuisance and potential health risk to residents of resettlement villages in Laos. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 30(1): 95-100.
  • Bottomley, C., Kirby, M.J., Lindsay, S.W. & Alexander, N.A. (2016). Can the buck always be passed to the highest level of clustering? BMC Medical Research Methodology 16(1): 29.
  • Dugassa, S., Lindh, J.M., Lindsay, S.W. & Fillinger, U. (2016). Field evaluation of two novel sampling devices for collecting wild oviposition site seeking malaria vector mosquitoes: OviART gravid traps and squares of electrocuting nets. Parasites and Vectors 9: 272.
  • Katureebe, Agaba, Zinszer, Kate, Arinaitwe, Emmanuel, Rek, John, Kakande, Elijah, Charland, Katia, Kigozi, Ruth, Kilama, Maxwell, Nankabirwa, Joaniter, Yeka, Adoke, Mawejje, Henry, Mpimbaza, Arthur, Katamba, Henry, Donnelly, Martin J., Rosenthal, Philip J., Drakeley, Chris, Lindsay, Steve W., Staedke, Sarah G., Smith, David L., Greenhouse, Bryan, Kamya, Moses R. & Dorsey, Grant (2016). Measures of Malaria Burden after Long-Lasting Insecticidal Net Distribution and Indoor Residual Spraying at Three Sites in Uganda: A Prospective Observational Study. PLOS Medicine 13(11): e1002167.
  • Tusting, L.S., Rek, J.C., Arinaitwe, E., Staedke, S.G., Kamya, M.R., Bottomley, C., Johnston, D., Lines, J., Dorsey, G. & Lindsay, S.W. (2016). Measuring Socioeconomic Inequalities in Relation to Malaria Risk: A Comparison of Metrics in Rural Uganda. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 94(3): 650-658.
  • Orsborne, J., DeRaedt Banks, S., Hendy, A., Gezan, S.A., Kaur, H., Wilder-Smith, A., Lindsay, S.W. & Logan, J.G. (2016). Personal protection of permethrin-treated clothing against Aedes aegypti, the vector of dengue and Zika virus, in the laboratory. PLOS ONE 11(5): e0152805.
  • Reiner, Robert C., Achee, Nicole, Barrera, Roberto, Burkot, Thomas R., Chadee, Dave D., Devine, Gregor J., Endy, Timothy, Gubler, Duane, Hombach, Joachim, Kleinschmidt, Immo, Lenhart, Audrey, Lindsay, Steven W., Longini, Ira, Mondy, Mathias, Morrison, Amy C., Perkins, T. Alex, Vazquez-Prokopec, Gonzalo, Reiter, Paul, Ritchie, Scott A., Smith, David L., Strickman, Daniel & Scott, Thomas W. (2016). Quantifying the Epidemiological Impact of Vector Control on Dengue. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 10(5): e0004588.
  • Raouf, S., Mpimbaza, A., Kigozi, R., Sserwanga, A., Rubahika, D., Katamba, H., Lindsay, S.W., Kapella, B.K., Belay, K.A., Kamya, M.R., Staedke, S.G. & Dorsey, G. (2016). Resurgence of malaria after discontinuation of indoor residual spraying of insecticide in a previously high transmission intensity area of Uganda. The Lancet Global Health 4(1): S9.
  • Tangena, J.-A., Thammavong, P., Wilson, A. L., Brey, P. T. & Lindsay, S. W. (2016). Risk and Control of Mosquito-Borne Diseases in Southeast Asian Rubber Plantations. Trends in Parasitology 32(5): 402-415.
  • Alegana, V.A., Kigozi, S.P., Nankabirwa, J., Arinaitwe, E., Kigozi, R., Mawejje, H., Kilama, M., Ruktanonchai, N.W., Ruktanonchai, C.W., Drakeley, C., Lindsay, S.W., Greenhouse, B., Kamya, M.R., Smith, D.L., Atkinson,P.M., Dorsey, G. & Tatem, A.J. (2016). Spatio-temporal analysis of malaria vector density from baseline through intervention in a high transmission setting. Parasites & Vectors 9(1): 637.
  • Ramesh, A., Bristow, J., Kovats, S., Lindsay, S.W., Haslam, D., Schmidt, E. & Gilbert, C. (2016). The impact of climate on the abundance of Musca sorbens, the vector of trachoma. Parasites & Vectors 9(1): 48.
  • Pinder, M., Conteh, L., Jeffries, D., Jones, C., Knudsen, J., Kandeh, B., Jawara, M., Sicuri, E., D'Alessandro, U. & Lindsay, S.W. (2016). The RooPfs study to assess whether improved housing provides additional protection against clinical malaria over current best practice in The Gambia: study protocol for a randomized controlled study and ancillary studies. Trials 17(1): 275.
  • Brady, O.J., Godfray, C.J., Tatem, A.J., Gething, P.W., Cohen, J.M., McKenzie, F.E., Perkins, T.A., Reiner Jr., R.C., Tusting, L.S., Sinka, M.E., Moyes, C.L., Eckhoff, P.A., Scott, T.W., Lindsay, S.W., Hay, S.I. & Smith, D.L. (2016). Vectorial capacity and vector control: reconsidering sensitivity to parameters for malaria elimination. Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 110(2): 107-117.
  • Tusting, L.S., Rek, J.C., Arinaitwe, E., Staedke, S.G., Kamya, M.R., Cano, J., Bottomley, C., Johnston, D., Dorsey, G., Lindsay, S.W. & Lines, J.D. (2016). Why is malaria associated with poverty? Findings from a cohort study in rural Uganda. Infectious Diseases of Poverty 5(1): 78.
  • Brady, O.J., Godfray, H.C.J., Tatem, A.J., Gething, P.W., Cohen, J.M., McKenzie, F.E., Perkins, T.A., Reiner, R.C., Tusting, L.S., Scott, T.W., Lindsay, S.W., Hay, S.I. & Smith, D.L. (2015). Adult vector control, mosquito ecology and malaria transmission. International Health 7(2): 121-129.
  • Okal, M.N., Lindh, J.M., Torr, S.J., Masinde, E., Orindi, B., Lindsay, S.W. & Fillinger, U. (2015). Analysing the oviposition behaviour of malaria mosquitoes: design considerations for improving two-choice egg count experiments. Malaria Journal 14: 250.
  • Kigozi, S.P., Pindolia, D.K., Smith, D.L., Arinaitwe, E., Katureebe, A., Kilama, M., Nankabirwa, J., Lindsay, S.W., Staedke, S.G., Dorsey, G., Kamya, M.R. & Tatem, A.J. (2015). Associations between urbanicity and malaria at local scales in Uganda. Malaria Journal 14(1): 374.
  • Lindh, J.M., Okal, M.N., Herrera-Varela, M., Borg-Karlson, A.K., Torto, B., Lindsay, S.W. & Fillinger, U. (2015). Discovery of an oviposition attractant for gravid malaria vectors of the Anopheles gambiae species complex. Malaria Journal 14(3): 119.
  • Pinder, M., Jawara, M., Jarju, L.B.S., Salami, K., Jeffries, D., Adiamoh, M., Bojang, K., Correa, S., Kandeh, B., Kaur, H., Conway, D.J., D'Alessandro, U. & Lindsay, S.W. (2015). Efficacy of indoor residual spraying with dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane against malaria in Gambian communities with high usage of long-lasting insecticidal mosquito nets a cluster-randomised controlled trial. The Lancet 385(9976): 1436-1446.
  • Conn, J.E., Norris, D.E., Donnelly, M.J., Beebe, N.W., Burkot, T.R., Coulibaly, M.B., Chery, L., Eapen, A., Keven, J.B., Kilama, M., Kumar, A., Lindsay, S.W., Moreno, M., Quinones, M., Reimer, L.J., Russell, T.L., Smith, D.L., Thomas, M.B., Walker, E.D., Wilson, M.L. & Yan, G. (2015). Entomological monitoring and evaluation: diverse transmission settings of ICEMR projects will require local and regional malaria elimination strategies. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 93(3 Supplement): 28-41.
  • Wilson, A.L., Boelaert, M., Kleinschmidt, I., Pinder, M., Scott, T.W., Tusting, L.S. & Lindsay, S.W. (2015). Evidence-based vector control? Improving the quality of vector control trials. Trends in Parasitology 31(8): 380-390.
  • Golding, Nick, Wilson, Anne L., Moyes, Catherine L., Cano, Jorge, Pigott, David M., Velayudhan, Raman, Brooker, Simon J., Smith, David L., Hay, Simon I. & Lindsay, Steve W. (2015). Integrating vector control across diseases. BMC Medicine 13: 249.
  • Kamya, Moses R., Kilama, Maxwell, Lindsay, Steve W., Greenhouse, Bryan, Arinaitwe, Emmanuel, Staedke, Sarah G., Katureebe, Agaba, Wanzira, Humphrey, Rosenthal, Philip J., Kigozi, Simon P., Drakeley, Chris, Smith, David L., Tatem, Andrew J., Barusya, Chris & Dorsey, Grant (2015). Malaria Transmission, Infection, and Disease at Three Sites with Varied Transmission Intensity in Uganda: Implications for Malaria Control. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 92(5): 903.
  • Wanzirah, H., Tusting, L.S., Arinaitwe, E., Katureebe, A., Maxwell, K., Rek, J., Bottomley, C., Staedke, S.G., Kamya, M., Dorsey, G. & Lindsay, S.W. (2015). Mind the gap: house structure and the risk of malaria in Uganda. PLoS ONE 10(1): e0117396.
  • DeRaedt Banks, S., Orsborne, J., Gezan, S.A., Kaur, H., Wilder-Smith, A., Lindsay, S.W. & Logan, J.G. (2015). Permethrin-Treated Clothing as Protection against the Dengue Vector, Aedes aegypti: Extent and Duration of Protection. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 9(10): e0004109.
  • Tiono, A.B., Pinder, M., N'Fale, S., Faragher, B., Smith, T., Silkey, M., Ranson, H. & Lindsay, S.W. (2015). The AvecNet Trial to assess whether addition of pyriproxyfen, an insect juvenile hormone mimic, to long-lasting insecticidal mosquito nets provides additional protection against clinical malaria over current best practice in an area with pyrethroid-resistant vectors in rural Burkina Faso: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials 16: 113.
  • Tusting, L.S., Ippolito, M.M., Willey, B.A., Kleinschmidt, I., Dorsey, G., Gosling, R. & Lindsay, S.W. (2015). The evidence for improving housing to reduce malaria: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Malaria Journal 14: 209.
  • Tangena, J.A., Thammavong, P., Hiscox, A., Lindsay, S.W. & Brey, P. (2015). The Human-Baited Double Net Trap: An Alternative to Human Landing Catches for Collecting Outdoor Biting Mosquitoes in Lao PDR. PLoS One 10(9): e0138735.
  • Sagnon, N., Pinder, M., Tchicaya, E.F.S., Tiono, A.B., Faragher, B., Ranson, H. & Lindsay, S.W. (2015). To assess whether addition of pyriproxyfen to long-lasting insecticidal mosquito nets increases their durability compared to standard long-lasting insecticidal mosquito nets: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials 16(1): 195.
  • Guerra, C.A., Reiner, Jr., R.C., Perkins, T.A., Lindsay, S.W., Midega, J.T., Brady, O.J., Barker, C.M., Reisen, W.K., Harrington, L.C., Takken, W., Kitron, U., Lloyd, A.L., Hay, S.I., Scott, T.W. & Smith, D.L. (2014). A global assembly of adult female mosquito mark-release-recapture data to inform the control of mosquito-borne pathogens. Parasites & Vectors 7(6): 276.
  • Mbare, O., Lindsay, S.W. & Fillinger, U. (2014). Aquatain® Mosquito Formulation (AMF) for the control of immature Anopheles Gambaie sensu stricto and Anopheles arabiensis dose-responses, persistence and sub-lethal effect. Parasites & Vectors 7: 438, 1-9.
  • Wilson, A.L., Chen-Hussey, V., Logan, J.G. & Lindsay, S.W. (2014). Are topical insect repellents effective against malaria in endemic populations? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Malaria Journal 13(1): 446.
  • Wilson, A.L., Dhiman, R.C., Kitron, U., Scott, T.W., van den Berg, H. & Lindsay, S.W. (2014). Benefit of Insecticide-Treated Nets, Curtains and Screening on Vector Borne Diseases, Excluding Malaria: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 8(10): e3228.
  • Kilama, M., Smith, D.L., Hutchinson, R., Kigozi, R., Yeka, A., Lavoy,G., Kamya, M.R., Staedke, S., Donnelly, M., Drakeley, C., Greenhouse, B., Dorsey, G. & Lindsay, S.W. (2014). Estimating the annual entomological inoculation rate for Plasmodium falciparum transmitted by Anopheles gambiae s.l. using three sampling methods in three sites in Uganda. Malaria Journal 13: 111.
  • Dugassa, S., Lindh, J.M., Torr, S.J., Lindsay, S.W. & Fillinger, U. (2014). Evaluation of the influence of electric nets on the behaviour of oviposition site seeking Anopheles gambaie s.s. Parasites & Vectors 7(6): 272.
  • Vontas, J., Moore, S., Kleinschmidt, I., Ranson, H., Lindsay, S.W., Lengeler, C., Hamon, N., McLean, T. & Hemingway, J. (2014). Framework for rapid assessment and adoption of new vector control tools. Trends in Parasitology 30(4): 191-204.
  • Herrera-Varela, M., Lindh, J., Lindsay, S.W. & Fillinger, U. (2014). Habitat discrimination by gravid Anopheles gambiae sensu lato – a push-pull system. Malaria Journal 13: 133.
  • Stone, C., Lindsay, S.W. & Chitnis, N. (2014). How effective is integrated vector management against malaria and lymphatic filariasis where the diseases are transmitted by the same vector? PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 8(12): e3393.
  • Mbare, O., Lindsay, S.W. & Fillinger, U. (2014). Pyriproxyfen for mosquito control:female sterilization or horizontal transfer to ovipsoition substrates by Anopheles gambaie sensu stricto and Culex quinquefasciatus. Parasites & Vectors 7(6): 280.
  • Cano, J., Rebollo, M.P., Golding, N., Pullan, R.L., Crellen, T., Soler, A., Kelly-Hope, L.A., Lindsay, S.W., Hay, S.I., Bockarie, M.J. & Brooker, S.J. (2014). The global distribution and transmission limits of lymphatic filariasis: past and present. Parasites & Vectors 7(1): 466.
  • Reiner, R.C., Perkins, T.A., Barker, C.M., Niu, T., Fernando Chaves, L., Ellis, A.M., George, D.B., Le Menach, A., Pulliam, J.R.C., Bisanzio, D., Buckee, C., Chiyaka, C., Cummings, D.A.T., Garcia, A.J., Gatton, M.L., Gething, P.W., Hartley, D.M., Johnston, G., Klein, E.Y., Michael, E., Lindsay, S.W., Lloyd, A.L., Pigott, D.M., Reisen, W.K., Ruktanonchai, N., Singh, B.K., Tatem, A.J., Kitron, U., Hay, S.I., Scott, T.W. & Smith, D.L. (2013). A systematic review of mathematical models of mosquito-borne pathogen transmission: 1970-2010. Journal of The Royal Society Interface 10(81): 20120921
  • Tangena, J.-A.A., Majida, A., D'Alessandro, U., Jarju, L., Jawara, M., Jeffries, D., Malik, N., Nwakanma, D., Kaur, K., Takken, W., Lindsay, S.W. & Pinder, M. (2013). Alternative Treatments for Indoor Residual Spraying for Malaria Control in a Village with Pyrethroid- and DDT-Resistant Vectors in The Gambia. PLoS ONE 8(9): e74351.
  • Chen-Hussey, V., Carneiro, I., Keomanila, H., Gray, R., Bannavong, S., Phanalasy, S. & Lindsay, S.W. (2013). Can Topical Insect Repellents Reduce Malaria? A Cluster-Randomised Controlled Trial of the Insect Repellent N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET) in Lao PDR. PLoS ONE 8(8): e70664.
  • Dugassa,S., Lindh,J.M., Oyieke,F., Mukabana,R.W., Lindsay, S.W. & Fillinger,U. (2013). Development of a Gravid Trap for Collecting Live Malaria Vectors Anopheles gambiae s.l. PLoS ONE 8(7): e68948.
  • Mbare, O., Lindsay, S.W. & Fillinger, U. (2013). Dose-response tests and semi-field evaluation of lethal and sub-lethal effects of slow release pyriproxyfen granules (Sumilarv®0.5G) for the control of the malaria vectors Anopheles gambiae sensu lato. Malaria Journal 12: 94.
  • van den Berg, H., Kelly-Hope, L.A. & Lindsay, S.W. (2013). Malaria and lymphatic filariasis: the case for integrated vector management. The Lancet Infectious Diseases 13(1): 89-94.
  • Tusting, L.S., Thwing, J., Sinclair, D., Fillinger, U., Gimnig, J., Bonner, K.E., Bottomley, C. & Lindsay, S.W. (2013). Mosquito larval source management for controlling malaria. Cochrane database of systematic reviews 2013(8): CD008923.
  • Smith, D.L., Perkins, T.A., Tusting, L.S., Scott, T.W. & Lindsay, S.W. (2013). Mosquito Population Regulation and Larval Source Management in Heterogeneous Environments. PLoS ONE 8(8): e71247.
  • Lindsay, T.C., Jawara, M., D'Alessandro, U., Pinder, M. & Lindsay, S.W. (2013). Preliminary studies developing methods for the control of Chrysomya putoria, the African latrine fly, in pit latrines in The Gambia. Tropical Medicine & International Health 18(2): 159-165.
  • Hiscox, A., Khammanithing, P., Laul, S., Sannanikhom, P., Luthi, R., Hill, N., Brey, P. & Lindsay, S.W. (2013). Risk factors for mosquito house entry in the Lao PDR. PLoS ONE 8(5): e62769.
  • Hiscox, A., Kaye, A., Vongphayloth, K., Banks, I., Piffer, M., Khammanithong, P., Sananikhom, P., Kaul, S., Hill, N., Lindsay, S.W. & Brey, P. (2013). Risk factors for the presence of Stegomyia aegypti and Stegomyia albopictus in domestic water-holding containers in areas impacted by Nam Theun 2 Hydroelectric Project, Laos. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 88(6): 1070-1078.
  • Tusting, L.S., Willey, B., Lucas, H., Thompson, J., Kafy, H.T., Smith, R. & Lindsay, S.W. (2013). Socioeconomic development as an intervention against malaria: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The Lancet 382(9896): 963-972.
  • Gatton, M., Chitnis, N., Churcher, T., Donnelly, M.J., Ghani, A.C., Godfray, C.J., Gould, F., Hastings, I., Marshall, J., Ranson, H., Rowland, R., Shaman, J. & Lindsay, S.W. (2013). The importance of mosquito behavioural adaptations to malaria control in Africa. Evolution 67(4): 1218-1230.
  • Okal, M.N., Francis, B., Herrera-Varela, M., Fillinger, U. & Lindsay, S.W. (2013). Water vapour is a pre-oviposition attractant for the malaria vector Anopheles gambaie sensu stricto. Malaria Journal 12(10): 365.
  • Lindsay, S.W., Lindsay, T.C., Duprez, J., Hall, M., Kwambana, B.A., Jawara, M., Nurudeen, I.U., Sallah, N., Wyatt, N., D'Alessandro, U., Pinder, M. & Antonio, M. (2012). Chrysomya putoria, a putative vector of diarrheal diseases. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 6(11): e1895.
  • Wilder-Smith, A., Renhorn, K.-E., Tissera, H., Bakar, S.A., Alphey, L., Kittayapong, P., Lindsay, S. W., Logan, J., Hatz, C., Reiter, P., Rocklöv, J., Byass, P., Louis, V.R., Tozan, Y., Massad, E., Tenorio, A., Lagneau, C., L’Ambert, G., Brooks, D., Wegerdt, J. & Gubler, D. (2012). DengueTools: Innovative tools and strategies for surveillance and control of dengue. Global Health Action 5: 17273.
  • Lindsay, T.C., Jawara, M., D'Alessandro, U., Pinder, M. & Lindsay, S.W. (2012). Development of odour-baited flytraps for sampling the African latrine fly, Chrysomya putoria, a putative vector of enteric diseases. PLoS ONE 7(11): e50505.
  • Dugassa, S., Lindh, J. M., Torr, S. J., Oyieke, F., Lindsay, S. W. & Fillinger, U. (2012). Electric nets and sticky materials for analysing oviposition behaviour of gravid malaria vectors. Malaria Journal 11(1): 374.
  • Parham, P.E., Pople, D., Christiansen-Junct, C., Lindsay, S.W., Winsley, W. & Michael, E. (2012). Modeling the role of environmental variables on the population dynamics of the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto. Malaria Journal 11(1): 271.
  • Haines, A., Bruce, N., Cairncross, S., Davies, M., Greenland, K., Hiscox, A., Lindsay, S.W., Lindsay, T., Satterthwaite, D. & Wilkinson, P. (2012). Promoting health and advancing development through improved housing in low-income setings. Journal of Urban Health 90(5): 810-831.
  • Ferguson, H.M., Maire, N., Takken, W., Lyimo, I.N., Briet, O., Lindsay, S.W. & Smith, T.A. (2012). Selection of mosquito life-histories: a hidden weapon against malaria? Malaria Journal 11: 106.
  • Achee, N.L., Bangs, M.J., Farlow, R., Killeen, G.F., Lindsay, S.W., Logan, J.G., Moore, S.J., Rowland, M., Sweeney, K., Torr, S.J., Zwiebel, L.J. & Grieco, J.P. (2012). Spatial repellents: from discovery and development to evidence based validation. Malaria Journal 11: 164.
  • Wilder-Smith, A., Byass, P., Olanratmanee, P., Maskhao, P., Sringernyuang, L., Logan, J.G., Lindsay, S.W., Banks, S., Gubler, D., Louis, V.R., Tozan, Y. & Kittayapong, P. (2012). The impact of insecticide-treated school uniforms on dengue infections in school-aged children: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial in Thailand. Trials 13(11): 212.
  • The malERA Consultative Group on Vector Control (2011). A research agenda for malaria eradication: vector control. PLoS Medicine 8: e1000401.
  • Fillinger, U. & Lindsay, S.W. (2011). Larval source management for malaria control in Africa: myths and reality. Malaria Journal 10: 353.
  • Thwing, J, Fillinger, U, Gimnig, J, Newman, R & Lindsay, S (2011). Mosquito larval source management for controlling malaria (Protocol). The Cochrane Library (1): CD008923., 1-15.
  • Pinder, M., Jawara, M., Jarju, L.B.S., Ballah, K., Jeffries, D., Lluberas, M.F., Mueller, J., Parker, D., Conway, D.J. & Lindsay, S.W. (2011). To assess whether indoor residual spraying can provide additional protection against clinical malaria over current best practice of long-lasting insecticidal mosquito nets in The Gambia: study protocol for a two-armed cluster-randomised study. Trials 12: e147.
  • Kelly, A.H., Ameh, D., Majambere, S., Lindsay, S.W. & Pinder, M. (2010). 'Like sugar and honey': the embedded ethics of a larval control project in The Gambia. Social Science and Medicine 70(12): 1912-1919.
  • Lindsay, S.W., Hole, D.G., Hutchinson, R.A., Richards, S.A. & Willis, S.G. (2010). Assessing the future threat from vivax malaria in the United Kingdom using two markedly different modelling approaches. Malaria Journal 9: 70.
  • Majambere, S, Pinder, M, Fillinger, U, Ameh, D, Conway, D.J, Green, C, Jeffries, D, Jawara, M, Milligan, P.J, Hutchinson, R & Lindsay, S.W (2010). Is mosquito larval source management appropriate for reducing malaria in areas of extensive flooding in The Gambia? A cross-over intervention trial. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 82(2): 176-184.
  • Luckhart, S., Lindsay, S.W., James, A.A. & Scott, T.W. (2010). Reframing critical needs in vector biology and management of Vector-Borne Disease. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 4(2): e566.
  • Kirby, M.J., Ba, P., Jones, C.O.H., Kelly, A.H., Jasseh, M. & Lindsay, S.W. (2010). Social acceptability and durability of two different house screening interventions against exposure to malaria vectors, Plasmodium falciparum infection and anaemia in children in The Gambia, West Africa. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 83: 965-972.
  • Kirby, M.J, Ameh, D, Bottomley, C, Green, C, Jawara, M, Milligan, P.J, Snell, P.C, Conway, D.J & Lindsay, S.W (2009). Effect of two different house screening interventions on exposure to malaria vectors and on anaemia in children in The Gambia: a randomised controlled trial. The Lancet 374(9694): 998-1009.
  • Louca, V., Lindsay, S. W. & Lucas, M. C. (2009). Factors triggering floodplain fish emigration: importance of fish density and food availability. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 18: 60-64.
  • Louca, V., Lindsay, S. W., Majambere, S. & Lucas, M. C. (2009). Fish community characteristics of the lower Gambia River floodplains: a study in the last major undisturbed West African river. Freshwater Biology 54(2): 254-271.
  • Njie, M., Dilger, E., Lindsay, S.W. & Kirby, M.J. (2009). Importance of eaves to house entry by Anopheline, but not Culicine, mosquitoes. Journal of Medical Entomology 46(3): 505-510.
  • Fillinger, U., Ndenga, B., Githeko, A. & Lindsay, S.W. (2009). Integrated malaria vector control with microbial larvicides and insecticide-treated nets in the western Kenya: a controlled trial. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 87: 655-665.
  • Louca, V., Lucas, M.C., Green, C., Majambere, S., Fillinger, U. & Lindsay, S.W. (2009). Role of fish as predators of mosquito larvae on the floodplain of the Gambia River. Journal of Medical Entomology 46(3): 546-556.
  • Fillinger, U., Kannady, K., William, G., Vanek, M.J., Dongus, S., Nyika, D., Geissbühler, Y., Chaki, P.P., Govella, N.J., Mathenge, E.M., Singer, B.H., Mshinda, H., Lindsay, S.W., Tanner, M., Mtasiwa, D., de Castro, M.C. & Killeen, G.F. (2008). A tool box for operational mosquito larval control: preliminary results and early lessons from the Urban Malaria Control Program in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Malaria Journal 7(1): 20.
  • Kirby, M. J., Green, C., Milligan, P.M., Charalambos, S. Jasseh, M., Conway, D. & Lindsay, S.W. (2008). Risk factors for house-entry by malaria vectors in a rural town and satellite villages in The Gambia. Malaria Journal 7: 2.
  • Majambere, S., Fillinger, U., Sayer, D.R., Green, C. & Lindsay, S.W. (2008). Spatial distribution of mosquito larvae and the potential for targeted larval control in The Gambia. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 79(1): 19-27.
  • Kirby, M.J. Milligan, P. Conway, D.J. & Lindsay, S.W. (2008). Study protocol for a three-armed randomized controlled trial to assess whether house screening can reduce exposure to malaria vectors and reduce malaria transmission in The Gambia. Trials 9: 33, 1-8.
  • Bogh, C., Lindsay, S.W., Clarke, S.E., Dean, A., Jawara, M., Pinder, M. & Thomas, C.J. (2007). High spatial resolution mapping of malaria transmission risk in The Gambia, West Africa, using LANDSAT TM satellite imagery. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 76(5): 875-881.
  • Majambere, S., Lindsay, S.W., Green, C., Kandeh, B. & Fillinger, U. (2007). Microbial larvicides for malaria control in The Gambia. Malaria Journal 6: 76.
  • Hutchinson, R.A., West, P. & Lindsay, S.W. (2007). Suitability of two carbon dioxide-baited traps for mosquito surveillance in the United Kingdom. Bulletin of Entomological Research 97(6): 591-597.
  • Vanek, M.J., Shoo, B., Mtasiwa, D., Kiama, M., Lindsay, S.W., Fillinger, U., Kannady, K., Tanner, M. & Killeen, G.F. (2006). Community-based surveillance of malaria vector larval habitats: a baseline study in urban Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. BMC Public Health 6: 154.
  • Panter-Brick, C., Clarke, S.E., Lomas, H., Pinder, M. & Lindsay, S.W. (2006). Culturally-compelling strategies for behaviour change. A social ecology model and case study in malaria prevention. Social Science & Medicine 62(11): 2810-2825.
  • Mukabana, W.R., Kannady, K., Kiama, G.M., Ijumba, J.N., Mathenge, E.M., Kiche, I., Nkwengulila, G., Mboera, L., Mtasiwa, D., Yamagata, Y., van Schayk, I., Knols, B.G.J., Lindsay, S.W., de Castro, M.C., Mshinda, H., Tanner, M., Fillinger, U. & Killeen, G.F. (2006). Ecologists can enable communities to implement malaria vector control in Africa. Malaria Journal 5: 9.
  • Hutchinson, R. & Lindsay, S.W. (2006). Malaria and deaths in the English marshes. The Lancet 367(9526): 1947-1951.
  • Kelly-Hope, L.A, Diggle, P.J., Rowlingson, B.S., Gyapong, J.O., Kyelem, D., Coleman, M., Thomson, M.C., Obsomer, V., Lindsay, S.W., Hemingway, J. & Molyneux, D.H. (2006). Negative spatial association between lymphatic filariasis and malaria in West Africa. Tropical Medicine and International Health 11(2): 129-135.
  • Hutchinson, R.A. & Lindsay, S.W. (2006). Perceived nuisance of mosquitoes on the Isle of Sheppey, Kent, UK. Journal of Biosocial Science 38(5): 707-712.
  • Bodker, R., Msangeni, H.A., Kisinza, W. & Lindsay, S.W. (2006). Relationship between the intensity of exposure to malaria parasites and infection in the Usambara mountains, Tanzania. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 74(5): 716-723.
  • Fillinger, U. & Lindsay, S.W. (2006). Suppression of exposure to malaria vectors by an order of magnitude using microbial larvicides in rural Kenya. Tropical Medicine and International Health 11(11): 1629-1642.

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