Professor Marcus Power
My work focuses primarily on the political, economic and historical geographies of development. I am particularly interested in the ways in which the meanings and relations of development, as a discourse, an apparatus and an aspiration, have been geopolitically imagined and enframed, themes I explore in my most recent book Geopolitics and Development (Routledge, 2019).
My understanding of development is very much historically grounded, exploring its emergence as a form of governmentality from the enlightenment, through the Cold War to the War on Terror. This has involved research on how 'the Tropics' were imagined by geographers and in wider programmes of improvement during the age of empire as well as work concerned with the complex challenges of decolonisation as they relate both to Geography, International Relations and Development Studies as academic disciplines but also to wider theories and practices of post-war development. Empirically, much of my research has been focused on Southern Africa (particularly Mozambique and Angola) and I have a long-standing interest in the cultural, historical and political geographies of the Portuguese empire. This has included research on the geopolitical imagination of Portuguese imperialism, on decolonisation and counterinsurgency in Portugal’s African colonies and on post-colonial geographies in Portugal and the wider Lusophone world.
I also have a strong interest in the intersections between (audio)visual culture and geopolitics. Some of my earliest work explored the ways in which radio, television and cinema have shaped cultural identities in colonial and post-colonial Southern Africa. I have also conducted research concerned with Hollywood film in relation to Cold War America, Gulf War II and the scripting, enactment and performance of Africa as the ‘dark continent’. More recent work has examined the role of popular video games in contemporary militarisation, the construction of terrorist ‘others’ and in soliciting support for US imperialism.
My work has also been concerned with economic geographies of neoliberalism and questions of politico-economic transformations in the post-socialist spaces of the global South. My early research focused on the dissemination of neoliberalism through Investment Promotion Authorities (IPA’s) and global development institutions such as UNCTAD and the Commonwealth. More recent work has sought to trace the unravelling of ‘national’ projects of development in Africa and the reworked articulations between territory, development and sovereignty that characterise contemporary spaces of post-development. This has involved research on post-colonial urban change and spaces of enclosure and enclavisation in places like Maputo and Tete in Mozambique and Luanda in Angola.
Over the last decade or so I have sought to examine the rise of (re)emerging development donors like China and the growing importance of ‘South-South’ development cooperation, along with what this means for foreign aid practices and for notions of development ‘partnership’. This initially began with an ESRC-funded project that explored China’s evolving political and economic role in Africa and the impacts Chinese aid, trade and investment are having on recipient states, on poverty reduction and on development trajectories in Africa. More recently I have led an ESRC-funded project looking at how, why and to what extent China, Brazil and India are enabling the transition to low carbon energy systems in South Africa and Mozambique, looking at how ‘rising power’ actors are shaping the provision of energy services for productive uses (such as cooking, lighting and mobility) and the consequent implications for the affordability, accessibility, and sustainability of energy services in the region. This has also included work on energy statecraft, resource diplomacy and infrastructural geographies along with research concerned with wider questions around the geopolitics and geoeconomics of China-Africa relations.
- Lecturer in Human Geography, School of Geographical Sciences, University of Bristol
- Lecturer in Human Geography, School of Geography, University of Leeds
- Teaching Assistant in Human Geography, School of Geography, University of Leeds
Qualifications & Education
- 1994 - 1997: ESRC funded PhD research 'Territory, the State and Cultural Identities in 'Post-Colonial' Mozambique' School of Geography, University of Birmingham, (supervised by Dr J.D. Sidaway)
- 1993 - 1994: MA in the Geography of Third World Development (with distinction), Department of Geography, Royal Holloway and Bedford New College, University of London
- 1990 - 1993: BA Hons. Geography, Department of Geography, University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Department of Geography
Department of Geography
- The Politics of Chinese engagement with African development: Case studies of Angola and Ghana
- The Rising Powers: Clean Development and Low Carbon Transitions in Southern Africa
- Critical geographies and genealogies of (post)development
- Energy geographies and low carbon transitions
- Post-colonialism, Portugal and Lusophone Africa
- Post-socialist transformations in Southern Africa
- China-Africa engagement
- Vision, visuality and 'popular' geopolitics
- Cape Town: Geographies of Energy Transition
- Geographies of Crisis
- Geographies of Development
- Power, M (2019). Geopolitics and Development. Routledge.
- Power, M., Mohan, G. & Tan-Mullins, M. (2012). China's Resource Diplomacy in Africa: Powering Development?. Palgrave Macmillan.
- Power, M. (2003). Rethinking Development geographies. London.: Routledge.
- Power, M. & Alves, A.C. (2012). China and Angola: A Marriage of Convenience?. Fahamu.
- Power, M & Crampton, A (2007). Cinema and Popular Geo-Politics. London: Routledge.
Chapter in book
- Kirshner, J & Power, M (2019). 'Electrification and the everyday spaces of state power in postcolonial Mozambique'. In Electrifying Anthropology: Exploring Electrical Practices and Infrastructures. Abram, S, Winthereik, B R & Yarrow, T Bloomsbury. 139-159.
- Power, M (2019). Mahbub Ul Haq (1934-1998). In Key Thinkers on Development. Simon, D Routledge. 436-442.
- Power, M (2018). Modernization Theories of Development. In International Encyclopedia of Anthropology. Callan, H Wiley Blackwell.
- Power, M. & Mohan, G. (2016). Towards a Critical Geopolitics of China’s Engagement with African Development. In Readings in the International Relations of Africa. Young, T. Indiana University Press. 322-337.
- Power, M. (2016). Worlds Apart? The changing geographies of global development. In An Introduction to Human Geography. Daniels, P., Bradshaw, M., Shaw, D., Sidaway, J. & Hall, T. Pearson. 170-185.
- Power, M. (2015). The Rise of the BRICS. In The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Political Geography. Agnew, J., Mamadouh, V., Secor, A.J. & Sharp, J. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons. 379-392.
- Sidaway, J.D., Mamadouh, V. & Power, M. (2013). Reappraising Geopolitical Traditions. In The Ashgate Research Companion to Critical Geopolitics. Dodds, K., Kuus, M. & Sharp, J. Ashgate. 165-188.
- Power, M, & Mohan, G. (2010). China and the Geopolitical Imagination of African ‘Development'. In China-Africa Development Relations. Dent, C. London: Routledge. 42-67.
- Campbell, D. & Power, M. (2010). The Scopic Regime of Africa. In Observant States: Geopolitics and Visual Culture. MacDonald, F., Hughes, R. & Dodds, K. London: IB Tauris. 167-198.
- Power, M. (2009). 'Digital war games and post 9/11 geographies of militarism'. In War Isn't Hell, it's Entertainment: Essays on Visual Media and the Representation of Conflict. Schubart, R., Virchow, F. & White-Stanley, D. London: McFarland. 198-215.
- Phelps, N, Power, M & Wanjiru, R (2007). 'Learning to compete: communities of investment promotion practice and the spread of global neoliberalism'. In Neoliberalization: States, Networks, Peoples. England, K & Ward, K London: Blackwell. 83-109.
- Power, M (2007). National States. In Encyclopedia of Geography. Douglas, I., Huggett, R. & Perkins, C. London: Routledge.
- Power, M. (2006). ‘War veterans, disability and post-colonial citizenship in Lusophone Africa’. In Gilbert, E. & Cowen, E. London.: Sage.
- Power, M. (2006). Dependency Theory. In Encyclopaedia of Geography. Wharf, B. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
- Power, M. (2005). 'Cold War'. In Encyclopedia of International Development. Forsyth, T. Routledge. 88-89.
- Power, M (2005). 'Decolonization'. In Encyclopedia of Inernational Development. Forsyth, T Routeldge. 138-140.
- Power, M. (2005). 'Mahbub Ul Haq (1934-98)'. In Fifty key thinkers in development. Simon, D. Routledge. 264-270.
- Power, M. (2005). 'War'. In Encyclopedia of International Development. Forsyth, T. Routledge. 745-746.
- Power, M. (2004). 'Worlds apart: global difference and inequality'. In An Introduction to Human Geography: Issues for the twenty-first century. Daniels, P., Bradshaw, M., Shaw, D. & Sidaway, J. Pearson, Prentice Hall. 185-209.
- Power, M. (2004). ‘Geographies of governance and regional politics’. In Eastern and Southern Africa: Development challenges in a Volatile region. Potts, D. & Bowyer-Bower, T. London.: Pearson. 255-294.
- Power, M. (2003). 'Exploding the myth of Portugal’s ‘maritime destiny’ A postcolonial voyage through EXPO ’98’. In Post-colonial Geographies. Blunt, A. & McEwan, C. London.: Continuum.
- Power, M. (2001). 'Enlightenment and the era of modernity’. In The Companion to Development Studies. Desai, V. & Potter, R. London.: Arnold. 65-70.
- Power, M. & Sidaway, J.D. (1998). ‘Sex and Violence on the wild frontiers: the aftermath of state socialism in the periphery’. In Theorizing the transition: the political economy of change in Post-Communist Societies. Pickles, J. & Smith, A. London.: Routledge. 145-178.
- Power, Marcus (2020). (Luso)tropicality and the materiality of decolonization. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 41(1): 154-158.
- Power, M (2020). Leaving no one behind. Journal of Historical Geography 69: 97-98.
- Kumar, A., Ferdous, R., Luque-Ayala, A., McEwan, C., Power, M., Turner, B. & Bulkeley, H. (2019). Solar energy for all? Understanding the successes and shortfalls through a critical comparative assessment of Bangladesh, Brazil, India, Mozambique, Sri Lanka and South Africa. Energy Research & Social Science 48: 166-176.
- Power, M. & Kirshner, J.D. (2018). Powering the State: The political geographies of electrification in Mozambique. Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space 37(3): 498-518.
- Shen, W. & Power, M. (2017). Africa and the export of China’s clean energy revolution. Third World Quarterly 38(3): 678-697.
- Power, M., Newell, P., Baker, L., Bulkeley, H., Kirshner, J. & Smith, A. (2016). The political economy of energy transitions in Mozambique and South Africa: The role of the Rising Powers. Energy Research & Social Science 17: 10-19.
- Kirshner, J. & Power, M. (2015). Mining and extractive urbanism: Postdevelopment in a Mozambican boomtown. Geoforum 61: 67-78.
- Power, M. (2015). Mozambique needs a community-driven approach to electrification. The Conversation
- Power, M. (2012). Angola 2025: The future of the 'world's richest poor country' as seen through a Chinese rear-view mirror'. Antipode 44(3): 993-1014.
- Power, M. (2012). Commentary on Arturo Escobar's (2008) Territories of Difference: Place, Movements, Life, Redes. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. Progress in Human Geography 36(1): 143-151.
- Power, M. (2010). Geopolitics and Development: An Introduction. Geopolitics 15(3): 433-440.
- Tan-Mullins, M., Mohan, G. & Power M. (2010). Redefining ‘Aid’ in the China-Africa Context. Development and Change 41(5): 857-881.
- Power, M. & Campbell, D. (2010). The State of Critical Geopolitics. Political Geography 29(5): 243-246.
- Power, M. & Mohan, G. (2010). Towards a critical geopolitics of China’s engagement with African development. Geopolitics 15(3): 462-495.
- Power, M. (2009). 'The Commonwealth, ‘development’ and post-colonial responsibility'. Geoforum 40(1): 14-24.
- Mohan, G. & Power, M. (2009). ‘Africa, China and the ‘new’ economic geography of development'. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 30(1): 24-28.
- Sidaway, J.D. & Power, M. (2009). Lisbon to Macao: The Occluded Geographies of Portugal’s Discoveries. Revista Cultural 30: 58-74.
- Power, M. & Mohan, G. (2008). 'Good friends and good partners: The 'New' face of China-Africa co-operation'. Review of African Political Economy 35(115): 5-6.
- Mohan, G. & Power, M. (2008). 'New African Choices? The Politics of Chinese Engagement'. Review of African Political Economy, 35(115): 23-42.
- Power, M (2007). 'Digitized Virtuosity: Video War games and post-9/11 Cyber-deterrence'. Security Dialogue 38(2): 271-288.
- Power, M. (2006). 'Anti-racism, deconstruction and 'overdevelopment'. Progress in Development Studies 6(1): 24-39.
- Power, M., Mohan, G. & Mercer, C. (2006). ‘Post-colonial geographies of development: Introduction’. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 27(3): 231-234.
- Power, M. & Sidaway, J.D. (2005). 'Deconstructing twinned towers: Lisbon's Expo '98 and the occluded geographies of discovery'. Social and Cultural Geography 6(6): 865-883.
- Power, M. & Crampton, A. (2005). 'Reel Geopolitics: Cinemato-graphing Political Space'. Geopolitics 10: 193-203.
- Sidaway, J.D. & Power, M. (2005). 'The tears of Portugal': empire, identity, 'race', and destiny in Portuguese geopolitical narratives. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 23(4): 527-554.
- Power, M. (2005). 'Working the Spaces of Neoliberalism'. Antipode 37(3): 605-612.
- Crampton, A. & Power, M. (2005). Frames of reference on the geopolitical stage: Saving Private Ryan and the Second World War/Second Gulf War intertext'. Geopolitics 10(2): 244-265.
- Power, M. (2004). ‘Post-colonial cinema and the reconfiguration of Moçambicanidade’. Lusotopie
- Power, M. & Sidaway, J.D. (2004). The degeneration of tropical geography'. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 94(3): 585-601.
- Power, M. (2003). 'The Scripting, Staging and Projection of 'Popular' Geo-political Discourse'. Geopolitics 8(2): 181-189.
- Mercer, C., Mohan, G. & Power, M. (2003). 'Towards a critical political geography of African development’. Geoforum 34: 419-436.
- Power, M. (2003). ‘Re-Imagining Postcolonial Africa: A Commentary on Michael Watts' 'Development and Governmentality'. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 24(1): 49-60.
- Mercer, C., Mohan, G. & Power, M. (2003). New perspectives on the politics of development in Africa. Geoforum 34(4): 417-418.
- Power, M. (2001). ‘Geographies of Disability and Development in Southern Africa'. Disability Studies Quarterly 22(1): 11-22.
- Power, M. (2001). ‘Patrimonialism and petro-diamond capitalism: geo-politics and the economics of war in Angola'. Review of African Political Economy 90(28): 489-502.
- Power, M. (2001). Geo-politics and the representation of Portugal's African colonial wars: examining the limits of 'Vietnam syndrome'. Political Geography 20(4): 461-491.
- Power, M. (2000). '21st Century Foxed: global media broadcasting and the reconfiguration of Moçambicanidade'. South African Geographical Journal 82(1): 47-55.
- Power, M. (2000). 'Aqui Lourenço Marques!! [Lourenço Marques here!!]: 'Radio-Colonization' and cultural identity in colonial Mozambique 1932-1974'. Journal of Historical Geography 26(4): 605-628.
- Power, M. (2000). 'The Short-cut to international development: representing Africa in 'New Britain'. Area 32(1): 91-100.
- Power, M. (1998). 'The Dissemination of development'. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 16: 577-598.
- Sidaway, J.D. & Power, M. (1995). ‘Socio-spatial transformations in the ‘post-socialist’ periphery: the case of Maputo, Mozambique’. Environment and Planning A 27(2): 1463-1491.
Available for media contact about:
- Identity, ethnicity and culture:
- Policy and politics:
- Security, territory and boundaries:
- International politics:
- Conflict and resolution:
- International development:
- Asia (excluding Middle East):
- Citizenship, state and governance:
- Visual culture:
- Renewable energy:
- 2021: RF150498 Preparedness and planning for the Mountain Hazard and Risk chain in Nepal: GCRF UKRI Multi-hazard and Systemic Risks, Natural Environmental Research Council, £1202819.21
- 2020: Community Energy And Sustainable Energy Transitions In Ethiopia, Malawi, Mozambique (CESET) (£68870.00 from ESRC Centre for Social and Economic Research on Innovation in Genomics (INNOGEN))
- 2013: Low Carbon Energy for Development Network (LCEDN) Supplement (£5489.60 from Department for Energy and Climate Change)
- 2012: Low Carbon Energy for Development Network (£29549.38 from Department for Energy and Climate Change)
- 2012: RF 150253: The Rising Powers, Clean Development and the Low Carbon Transition in sub-Saharan Africa, £582,179.21
- 2012: RF150235: LCEDN Project and Conference Sponsorship, EPSRC, £6000.00, 2012-03-26 - 2012-06-30
- 2012: Thorn Lighting Support for 'Energy for Development' (E4DEV) research group (£8333.33 from Thorn Lighting Ltd)
- 2011: China's impact in Africa - presentation of detailed research findings in Angola (£15000.00 from Department for International Development)
- 2011: Low carbon development and the 'rising powers' (£3500.00 from One NorthEast)
- 2011: Visual culture; "Photography, colonialism, and states of emergency" - Visiting Fellowship (£29122.00 from The Leverhulme Trust)
- 2007: RF150057: The politics of Chinese engagement with African development, ESRC, £221630.25, 2007-08-01 - 2011-01-31
- 2006: R150596: Mozambique and the Commonwealth: an effective partnership?, The Nuffield Foundation, £5551.00, 2006-03-01 - 2007-12-31
- 2008: CASE-Studentship Partner (Claire Collingwood) (£6152.00 from Mines Advisory Group)