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Durham University

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Staff Profile

Dr Marta Diaz-Guardamino, PhD

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I completed my PhD on Iberian prehistoric sculpture and its European context at the University Complutense of Madrid in 2010. From 2011 to 2013 I was a Visiting Research Fellow, funded by the Spanish Government, at the University of Southampton. I worked with the Archaeological Computing Research Group developing the application of digital technologies to the study of ancient monumental sculptures, their biographies and landscape settings. In 2013-14 I worked at that same university as a Lecturer and soon after that I joined as a Research Associate the ‘Making a Mark: Imagery and process in the British and Irish Neolithic’ project, funded by the Leverhulme Trust (2014-16). From 2016 to 2018 I was Lecturer in Archaeology at Cardiff University where I further developed my interest in the prehistory of the Atlantic façade, archaeologies of mobility, biographical approaches and archaeological visualization. 

Selected current/recent projects

The Lives of Prehistoric Monuments in Europe

Ongoing research on the interaction between prehistoric monuments, people and place through time. I have co-directed multidisciplinary fieldwork with students in Mirasiviene, Montoro and Piedras Blancas (UNESCO Antequera Dolmens site) (Spain) and Cruz de Cepos and Tojais (Portugal). Principal funding bodies: University of Southampton (UK), Cardiff University (UK) and Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation.

Prehistoric Art: Digital Visualization, Image Making and Mobility

'Rock Art and Maritime Interaction in Atlantic Europe'. I am senior researcher in this international, multi-disciplinary project (2019-22) led by Prof Johan Ling (Gothenburg University) investigating Late Bronze Age connections across Atlantic Europe. This includes conducting a comparative analysis of Iberian warrior stelae and Scandinavian rock art. The project involves fieldwork, the creation of high-resolution 3D documentation of Iberian stelae and Scandinavian rock art, and the creation of an online library of 3D images of rock art to allow world-wide access to researchers and the public to this documentation. Principal funding body: Swedish Foundation for Humanities and Social Sciences (Riksbankens jubileumsfond). 

‘Making a Mark: Imagery and Process in Neolithic Britain and Ireland’. I was Research Associate at the University of Southampton as part of this project (2014-16), led by Prof Andrew Meirion Jones. I studied museum collections from across Britain and Ireland, applying digital imaging methods and microscopy to record and examine the techniques used in making motifs across a range of Neolithic media. Principal funding body: Leverhulme Trust (UK).

‘Promoting Digital Solutions to European Palaeolithic Rock and Cave Art Research’. I was co-applicant of this project (2014), which aimed to assess the utility of RTI and Multispectral Imaging to analyse superimposition, texture and topography of rock art panels, and to enhance motifs that are no longer clearly visible. We conducted new recording surveys in two UNESCO World Heritage sites (Côa Valley in Portugal and El Castillo cave in Spain). Principal funding bodies: British Academy and Leverhulme Trust (UK), The Prehistoric Society (UK).

Research Groups

Department of Archaeology

Research Interests

  • Late prehistoric archaeology in western Europe (Neolithic to early Iron Age)
  • Archaeologies of mobility (people, animals, things, knowledge)
  • Biographical approaches to landscape, monuments, and material culture
  • Prehistoric art in Europe
  • Archaeological visualization (digital imaging, archaeological representation)

Teaching Areas

  • Archaeology in Britain
  • Prehistoric Europe
  • Themes in the European Neolithic: Materials, Art and Mobility
  • World Prehistory

Selected Publications

Authored book

  • Jones, A.M. & Diaz-Guardamino, M. (2019). Making a Mark: Image and Process in Neolithic Britain and Ireland. Oxbow.

Edited book

  • Díaz-Guardamino, M., García Sanjuán, L. & Wheatley, D.W. (2015). The Lives of Prehistoric Monuments in Iron Age, Roman, and Medieval Europe. Oxford University Press.

Chapter in book

  • De Francisco Olmos, J.M., García Sanjuán, L., Díaz-Guardamino, M., Hunt Ortiz, M.A., Mora Molina, C., Montero Ruiz, I. & Murillo-Barroso, M. (2018). Las Monedas del Dolmen de Menga. In La Intervención de 2005 en el Dolmen de Menga. Temporalidad, Biografía y Cultura Material en un Monumento del Patrimonio Mundial. García Sanjuán, L., Mora Molina, C. & Aranda Jimenez, G. Consejería de Cultura de la Junta de Andalucía and Universidad de Sevilla.
  • Rogerio-Candelera, M.A., García Sanjuán, L., Díaz-Guardamino, M. & Wheatley, D.W. (2018). Were late prehistoric stelae painted? Digital image analysis-based research of the late prehistoric stelae of Mirasiviene (Lora del Río, Sevilla) and Montoro (Montoro, Córdoba), South Spain. In Conserving Cultural Heritage. Mosquera, M.J. & Almoraima Gil, M.L. CRC Press. 157-160.
  • Jones, A.M. & Díaz-Guardamino, M. (2017). ‘Enigmatic images from remote prehistory’ rock art and ontology from a European Perspective. In Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Rock Art. David, B. & McNiven, I.J. Oxford University Press.
  • Jones, A.M., Cochrane, A. & Díaz-Guardamino, M. (2017). Art in the making: Neolithic societies in Britain, Ireland and Iberia. In The Neolithic of Europe: Papers in Honour of Alasdair Whittle. Bickle, P., Cummings, V., Hofmann, D. & Pollard, J. Oxbow Books. 201-221.
  • Jones, A.M. & Díaz-Guardamino, M. (2017). Making and Remaking: The Decorated Artefacts from Knowth: The Results of RTI Analysis. In Excavations at Knowth 6: The Passage Tomb Archaeology of the Great Mound at Knowth. Eogan, G. & Cleary, K. Royal Irish Academy. 475-478.
  • Díaz-Guardamino, M., Wheatley, D., Williams, E. & Garrido, J.A. (2016). Los textiles elaborados con cuentas perforadas de Montelirio. In Montelirio. Un Gran Monumento Megalítico de la Edad del Cobre. Fernández Flores, A., García Sanjuán, L. & Díaz-Zorita, M. Junta de Andalucía. 345-364.
  • Díaz-Guardamino, M (2015). Stones-in-Movement: Tracing the Itineraries of Menhirs, Stelae and Statue-Menhirs in Iberian Landscapes. In Things in Motion: Object Itineraries in Anthropological Practice. Joyce, R.A. & Gillespie, S.D. SAR Press. 101-122.
  • Díaz-Guardamino, M., García Sanjuán, L. & Wheatley, D.W. (2015). The Lives of Prehistoric Monuments in Iron Age, Roman, and Medieval Europe. An Introduction. In The Lives of Prehistoric Monuments in Iron Age, Roman, and Medieval Europe. Díaz-Guardamino, M., García Sanjuán, L. & Wheatley, D.W. Oxford University Press. 3-17.
  • García Sanjuán, L. & Díaz-Guardamino, M. (2015). The Outstanding Biographies of Prehistoric Monuments in Iron Age, Roman, and Medieval Spain. In The Lives of Prehistoric Monuments in Iron Age, Roman, and Medieval Europe. Díaz-Guardamino, M., García Sanjuán, L. & Wheatley, D.W. Oxford University Press. 183-204.
  • Díaz-Guardamino, M. (2012). Estelas decoradas del Bronce Final en la Península Ibérica: datos para su articulación cronológica. In Sidereum Ana II, El río Guadiana en el Bronce Final. Jiménez Ávila, J. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. 62: 389-415.
  • Díaz-Guardamino, M (2011). Iconografía, lugares y relaciones sociales: reflexiones en torno a las estelas y estatuas-menhir atribuidas a la Edad del Bronce en la Península Ibérica. In Estelas e Estátuas-menir: da Pré à Proto-história. Vilaça, R. Câmara Municipal do Sabugal. 63-88.

Journal Article

  • Papadopoulos, Konstantinos, Hamilakis, Yannis, Kyparissi-Apostolika, Nina & Diaz-Guardamino, Marta (2019). Digital Sensoriality: The Neolithic Figurines from Koutroulou Magoula, Greece. Cambridge Archaeological Journal
  • Diaz-Guardamino, Marta & Morgan, Colleen (2019). Human, Transhuman, Posthuman Digital Archaeologies: An Introduction. European Journal of Archaeology 22(3): 320-323.
  • Díaz-Guardamino, M., García Sanjuán, L., Wheatley, D., Lozano Rodríguez, J.A., Rogerio Candelera, M.A., Krueger, M., Krueger, M., Hunt, M. Murillo-Barroso, M. & Balsera Nieto, V. (2019). Rethinking Iberian 'Warrior' Stelae: A Multidisciplinary Investigation of Mirasiviene and Its Connection to Setefilla (Lora del Río, Seville, Spain). Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences
  • García Sanjuán, Leonardo, Vargas Jiménez, Juan Manuel, Cáceres Puro, Luis Miguel, Costa Caramé, Manuel Eleazar, Díaz-Guardamino Uribe, Marta, Díaz-Zorita Bonilla, Marta, Fernández Flores, Álvaro, Hurtado Pérez, Víctor, López Aldana, Pedro M., Méndez Izquierdo, Elena, Pajuelo Pando, Ana, Rodríguez Vidal, Joaquín, Wheatley, David, Bronk Ramsey, Christopher, Delgado-Huertas, Antonio, Dunbar, Elaine, Mora González, Adrián, Bayliss, Alex, Beavan, Nancy, Hamilton, Derek & Whittle, Alasdair (2018). Assembling the Dead, Gathering the Living: Radiocarbon Dating and Bayesian Modelling for Copper Age Valencina de la Concepción (Seville, Spain). Journal of World Prehistory 31(2): 179-313.
  • García Sanjuán, Leonardo, Díaz-Guardamino, Marta, Wheatley, David W., Vita Barra, Juan-Pablo, Lozano Rodríguez, José Antonio, Rogerio-Candelera, Miguel Ángel, Justo Erbez, Ángel, Barker, Dominic, Strutt, Kris & Casado Ariza, Manuel (2017). The epigraphic stela of Montoro (Córdoba): the earliest monumental script in Iberia? Antiquity 91(358): 916.
  • Jones, Andrew Meirion, Díaz-Guardamino, Marta, Gibson, Alex & Cox, Sylvia (2017). The Garboldisham Macehead: its Manufacture, Date, Archaeological Context and Significance. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 83: 383.
  • Meirion Jones, Andrew, Díaz-Guardamino, Marta & Crellin, Rachel J. (2016). From Artefact Biographies to ‘Multiple Objects’ A New Analysis of the Decorated Plaques of the Irish Sea Region. Norwegian Archaeological Review 49(2): 113.
  • Murillo-Barroso, Mercedes, Eleazar Costa Caramé, Manuel, Díaz-Guardamino Uribe, Marta, García Sanjuán, Leonardo & Mora Molina, Coronada (2015). A Reappraisal of Iberian Copper Age Goldwork: Craftmanship, Symbolism and Art in a Non-funerary Gold Sheet from Valencina de la Concepción. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 25(03): 565.
  • Jones, Andrew Meirion, Cochrane, Andrew, Carter, Chris, Dawson, Ian, Díaz-Guardamino, Marta, Kotoula, Eleni & Minkin, Louisa (2015). Digital imaging and prehistoric imagery: a new analysis of the Folkton Drums. Antiquity 89(347): 1083.
  • García Sanjuán, L., Wheatley, D.W., Díaz-Guardamino, M., Mora Molina, C., Sánchez Liranzo, O. & Strutt, K. (2015). Evidence of Neolithic Activity at la Peña de los Enamorados (Antequera, Málaga, Spain): Intensive Surface Survey, Geophysics and Geoarchaeology at the Site of Piedras Blancas I. MENGA, Revista de prehistoria de Andalucía 6: 211-250.
  • Díaz-Guardamino, Marta, García Sanjuán, Leonardo, Wheatley, David & Rodríguez Zamora, Víctor (2015). RTI and the study of engraved rock art: A re-examination of the Iberian south-western stelae of Setefilla and Almadén de la Plata 2 (Seville, Spain). Digital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage 2(2-3): 41.
  • Díaz-Guardamino, Marta (2014). Shaping Social Identities in Bronze Age and Early Iron Age Western Iberia: The Role of Funerary Practices, Stelae, and Statue-Menhirs. European Journal of Archaeology 17(2): 329.
  • Díaz-Guardamino, M. & Wheatley, D.W. (2013). Rock Art and Digital Technologies: The Application of Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI) and 3D Laser Scanning to the Study of Late Bronze Age Iberian Stelae. MENGA, Revista de prehistoria de Andalucía 4: 187-203.

Book review

  • Diaz-Guardamino, Marta (2019). Philipp W. Stockhammer and Joseph Maran, eds. Appropriating Innovations: Entangled Knowledge in Eurasia 5000–1500 bce (Oxford & Philadelphia: Oxbow, 2017, iv and 268pp., several colour and b/w illustrations and maps, hbk, ISBN 978-1-78570-724-7). European Journal of Archaeology 22(2): 305-309.
  • Díaz-Guardamino, Marta (2016). Knut Helskog. Communicating with the World of Beings: The World Heritage Rock Art Sites in Alta, Arctic Norway (Oxford and Philadelphia: Oxbow Books, 2014, 240pp., 222 colour and 41 b/w figs., hbk, ISBN 978-1-78297-411-6). European Journal of Archaeology 19(3): 545.
  • Díaz-Guardamino, Marta (2012). Åsa C. Fredell, Kristian Kristiansen and Felipe Criado Boado, eds. Representations and Communications: Creating an Archaeological Matrix of Late Prehistoric Art (Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2010, x + 158pp., 53 figs., pbk, ISBN 978-1-84217-397-8). European Journal of Archaeology 15(3): 543.

Doctoral Thesis

  • Díaz-Guardamino, M (2010). Las estelas decoradas en la Prehistoria de la Península Ibérica. PhD.

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