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Durham University

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Staff Profile

Dr Karen Milek - all publications

Chapter in book

  • Milek, Karen & Munro, Kyle (2020). Deposits in the entrance passage (BEG): Soil micromorphology. In A Norse Settlement in the Outer Hebrides: Excavations on Mounds 2 and 2A, Bornais, South Uist. Sharples, Niall Oxbow Books. 3: 354-357.
  • Milek, Karen & Munro, Kyle (2020). House 3 pre-floor features (BEB): Soil micromorphology. In A Norse Settlement in the Outer Hebrides: Excavations on Mounds 2 and 2A, Bornais, South Uist. Sharples, Niall Oxbow Books. 3: 311-313.
  • Milek, Karen & Munro, Kyle (2020). House 3 soil micromorphology. In A Norse Settlement in the Outer Hebrides: Excavations on Mounds 2 and 2A, Bornais, South Uist. Sharples, Niall Oxbow Books. 3: 344-353.
  • Romankiewicz, Tanja, Milek, Karen, Beckett, Chris, Russell, Ben & Snyder, J. Riley (2020). New perspectives on the structure of the Antonine Wall. In The Antonine Wall: Papers in honour of Professor Lawrence Keppie. Breeze, David J. & Hanson, William S. Archaeopress Publishing Ltd. 64: 121-141.
  • Milek, Karen & Munro, Kyle (2020). The ancillary structures (GC): Soil micromorphology. In A Norse Settlement in the Outer Hebrides: Excavations on Mounds 2 and 2A, Bornais, South Uist. Sharples, Niall Oxbow Books. 3: 409-412.
  • Munro, Kyle & Milek, Karen (2020). The cultivation soil (GAA) and hearth (GAB): Soil micromorphology. In A Norse Settlement in the Outer Hebrides: Excavations on Mounds 2 and 2A, Bornais, South Uist. Sharples, Niall Oxbow Books. 3: 104-107.
  • Munro, Kyle & Milek, Karen (2020). The Early Norse occupation (BB): Soil micromorphology. In A Norse Settlement in the Outer Hebrides: Excavations on Mounds 2 and 2A, Bornais, South Uist. Sharples, Niall Oxbow Books. 3: 68-75.
  • Milek, Karen & Munro, Kyle (2020). The final occupation of the settlement: Soil micromorphology. In A Norse Settlement in the Outer Hebrides: Excavations on Mounds 2 and 2A, Bornais, South Uist. Sharples, Niall Oxbow Books. 3: 506-510.
  • Munro, Kyle & Milek, Karen (2020). The Late Iron Age occupation (BA): soil micromorphology. In A Norse Settlement in the Outer Hebrides: Excavations on Mounds 2 and 2A, Bornais, South Uist. Sharples, Niall Oxbow Books. 3: 37-42.
  • Munro, Kyle & Milek, Karen (2020). The south hearth (GAC): Soil micromorphology. In A Norse Settlement in the Outer Hebrides: Excavations on Mounds 2 and 2A, Bornais, South Uist. Sharples, Niall Oxbow Books. 3: 107-110.
  • Kupiec, Patrycja & Milek, Karen (2018). Ethno-geoarchaeological study of seasonal occupation: Bhiliscleitir, the Isle of Lewis. In Historical Archaeologies of Transhumance Across Europe. Costello, Eugene & Svensson, Eva Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. 6: 75-92.
  • Carlisle, T. & Milek, K. (2016). Constructing society in Viking Age Iceland: Rituals and power. In The Farm as a Social Arena. Dommasnes, L. H., Gutsmiedl-Schumann, D. & Hommedal, A. T. Waxmann Verlag GmbH. 245-272.
  • Kupiec, Patrycja, Milek, Karen, Gísladóttir, Guðrún & Woollett, James (2016). Elusive sel sites: the geoarchaeological quest for Icelandic shielings and the case for Þorvaldsstaðasel, in northeast Iceland. In Summer Farms: Seasonal Exploitation of the Uplands from Prehistory to the Present. Collis, John, Pearce, Mark & Nicolis, Franco J.R. Collis Publications. 221-236.
  • Wouters, Barbora, Milek, Karen, Devos, Yannick & Tys, Dries (2016). Soil micromorphology in urban research: early medieval Antwerp (Belgium) and Viking Age Kaupang (Norway). In Objects, Environment, and Everyday Life in Medieval Europe. Jervis, Ben, Broderick, Lee G. & Grau Sologestoa, Idoia Brepols. 279-295.
  • Simpson, Ian & Milek, Karen (2016). Thin section micromorphology of soils and sediments from the Phase 2 church chancel at Reykholt. In Reykholt: The Church Excavations. Sveinbjarnardóttir, G. National Museum of Iceland. 224-229.
  • Kupiec, Patrycja & Milek, Karen (2015). Roles and perceptions of shielings and the mediation of gender identities in Viking and Medieval Iceland. In Viking Worlds: Things, Spaces and Movement. Eriksen, Marianne Hem, Pedersen, Unn, Rundberget, Bernt, Axelsen, Irmelin & Berg, Heidi Lund Oxbow. 102-123.
  • Milek, Karen, Zori, Davide, Connors, Colin, Baier, Waldraud, Baker, Kate & Byock, Jesse (2014). Interpreting social space and social status in the Viking Age house at Hrísbru using integrated geoarchaeological and microrefuse analyses. In Viking Archaeology in Iceland: The Mosfell Archaeological Project. Zori, Davide & Byock, Jesse Brepols. 143-162.
  • Milek, Karen (2014). Micromorphology of occupation deposits on archaeological sites. In Soil Micromorphology in General and Archaeological Context. Lisá, Lenka Mendel University. 60-79.
  • Oliver, Jeffry, Noble, Gordon, Shepherd, Colin, Knecht, Richard, Milek, Karen & Sveinbjarnarson, Oskar (2013). Historical archaeology and the ‘Colony’ Reflections on fieldwork at a 19th-century settlement in rural Scotland. In Chapel of Garioch: The Bailies of Bennachie. Shepherd, Colin The Bailies of Bennachie (Chapel of Garioch). 2: 103-124.
  • Milek, Karen (2012). Micromorphology. In A Late Iron Age Farmstead in the Outer Hebrides: Excavations at Mound 1, Bornais, South Uist. Sharples, Niall Oxbow. 54-61.
  • Barrett, J.H., Farr, L.R., Redhouse, D., Richer, S., Zimmermann, J., Sharpe, L., Ovenden, S., Moore, J., Poller, T., Milek, K.B., Simpson, I.A., Smith, M., Gourley, B. & O’Connor, T (2012). Quoygrew and its landscape context. In Being an Islander: Production and Identity at Quoyrew, Orkney, AD 900-1600. Barrett, James McDonald Institute, Cambridge. 25-46.
  • French, Charles & Milek, Karen (2012). The geoarchaeological evidence. In Experimental Archaeology and Fire: The Investigation of a Burnt Reconstruction at West Stow Anglo-Saxon Village. Tipper, Jess Suffolk County Council Archaeology Service. 146: 77-89.
  • Milek, Karen (2009). Micromorphological analysis. In The Anglo-Saxon Settlement and Cemetery at Bloodmoor Hill, Carlton Colville, Suffolk. Lucy, Sam, Tipper, Jess & Dickens, Alison Cambridge Archaeological Unit. 152-161.
  • Lawson, I.T., Milek, K., Adderley, W.P., Casely, A. F., Church, M.J., Duarte, L., Dugmore, A.J., Edwards, K.J., Gathorne-Hardy, F.J., Guðmundsson, G., Morrison, S., Newton, A.J. & Simpson, I.A. (2009). The palaeoenvironment of Mývatnssveit during the Viking Age and Early Medieval Period. In Hofstaðir: Excavations of a Viking Age Feasting Hall. Lucas, Gavin Fornleifastofnun Islands (Reykjavik). 26-54.
  • Milek, Karen & French, Charles (2007). Soils and sediments in the settlement and harbour at Kaupang. In Kaupang in Skiringssal. Skre, Dagfinn Aarhus University Press. 321-360.
  • Milek, Karen (2005). Soil micromorphology. In Sharples, Niall 98-104.
  • Milek, Karen & French, Charles (2002). Sediment micromorphology. In Deeply Stratified Medieval and Post-Medieval Remains at Market Mews, Wisbech. Hinman, Mark Cambridgeshire County Council. 38-48.
  • Milek, Karen (2001). Environmental archaeology and the interpretation of social space. A comment on ‘Reconstructing house activity areas’. In Environmental Archaeology: Meaning and Purpose. Albarella, Umberto Kluwer. 271-281.
  • Milek, Karen (1999). Settlement in thin section: the application of sediment micromorphology to the interpretation of Norse farmsteads in Iceland. In Settlement and Landscape. Proceedings of a Conference in Århus, Denmark, May 4-7, 1998. Fabech, C. & Ringtved, J. Jutland Archaeological Society. 497-498.
  • Milek, Karen (1997). Soil micromorphology and the medieval urban environment: examples from Ely and Peterborough, England. In Environment and Subsistence in Medieval Europe. De Boe, G. & Verhaeghe, V. Institute of Archaeological Heritage (Zellik, Belgium). 9: 155-168.

Journal Article

  • Reid, Vanessa & Milek, Karen (2021). Risk and resources: an evaluation of the ability of national soil datasets to predict post-depositional processes in archaeological sites and heritage at risk. Heritage 4(2): 725-758.
  • Gerrard, C M , Forlin, P , Froude, M Petley, D Gutierrez, A, Treasure, E, , Milek, K & and Oliveira, N (2021). The archaeology of a landslide: Unravelling the Azores earthquake disaster of 1522 and its consequences. Journal of European Archaeology 1-24.
  • Anderson, David G., Harrault, Loïc, Milek, Karen B., Forbes, Bruce C., Kuoppamaa, Mari & Plekhanov, Andreĭ V. (2019). Animal domestication in the high Arctic: Hunting and holding reindeer on the I͡Amal peninsula, northwest Siberia. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 55: 101079.
  • Harrault, Loïc, Milek, Karen, Jardé, Emilie, Jeanneau,Laurent, Derrien, Morgane & Anderson, David (2019). Faecal biomarkers can distinguish specific mammalian species in modern and past environments. PLoS ONE 14(2): e0211119.
  • Milek, Karen (2018). Transdisciplinary archaeology and the future of archaeological practice: Citizen science, portable science, ethical science. Norwegian Archaeological Review 51(1-2): 36-47.
  • Noble, Gordon, Turner, Joe, Hamilton, Derek, Hastie, Lee, Knecht, Rick, Stirling, Lindsey, Sveinbjarnarson, Oskar, Upex, Beth & Milek, Karen (2017). Early Medieval Shellfish Exploitation in Northwest Europe: Investigations at the Sands of Forvie Shell Middens, Eastern Scotland, and the Role of Coastal Resources in the First Millennium AD. The Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 1.
  • Wouters, Barbora, Devos, Yannick, Milek, Karen, Vrydaghs, Luc, Bartholomieux, Bart, Tys, Dries, Moolhuizen, Cornelie & van Asch, Nelleke (2017). Medieval markets: A soil micromorphological and archaeobotanical study of the urban stratigraphy of Lier (Belgium). Quaternary International 460: 48-64.
  • Mikołajczyk, Łukasz & Milek, Karen (2016). Geostatistical approach to spatial, multi-elemental dataset from an archaeological site in Vatnsfjörður, Iceland. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 9: 577-585.
  • Oliver, Jeff, Armstrong, Jackson, Milek, Karen, Schofield, J. Edward, Vergunst, Jo, Brochard, Thomas, Gould, Aoife & Noble, Gordon (2016). The Bennachie Colony: A Nineteenth-Century Informal Community in Northeast Scotland. International Journal of Historical Archaeology 20(2): 341-377.
  • Mikołajczyk, Łukasz, Ilves, Kristin, May, Johnny, Sveinbjarnarson, Óskar Gísli & Milek, Karen (2015). Use of phosphorus mapping in assessing coastal activity zones of an Icelandic multi-period site of Vatnsfjörður. Journal of Archaeological Science 59: 1.
  • Stirling, Lindsey & Milek, Karen (2015). Woven Cultures: New Insights into Pictish and Viking Culture Contact Using the Implements of Textile Production. Medieval Archaeology 59(1): 47-72.
  • Forbes, Véronique & Milek, Karen (2014). Insects, activity areas and turf buildings' interiors: An ethno-archaeoentomological case study from 19th to early 20th-century Þverá, northeast Iceland. Quaternary International 341: 195.
  • Edwald, Ágústa & Milek, Karen (2013). Building and keeping house in 19th-century Iceland: Domestic improvements at Hornbrekka, Skagafjörður. Archaeologia Islandica 10: 9-27.
  • Milek, Karen B. & Roberts, Howell M. (2013). Integrated geoarchaeological methods for the determination of site activity areas: a study of a Viking Age house in Reykjavik, Iceland. Journal of Archaeological Science 40(4): 1845.
  • Milek, Karen B. (2012). Floor formation processes and the interpretation of site activity areas: An ethnoarchaeological study of turf buildings at Thverá, northeast Iceland. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 31(2): 119.
  • Milek, Karen (2012). The Roles of Pit Houses and Gendered Spaces on Viking-Age Farmsteads in Iceland. Medieval Archaeology 56(1): 85.
  • Bertini, Martina, Shortland, Andrew, Milek, Karen & Krupp, Eva M. (2011). Investigation of Iron Age north-eastern Scottish glass beads using element analysis with LA-ICP-MS. Journal of Archaeological Science 38(10): 2750.
  • Forbes, Véronique, Bain, Alison, Gísladóttir, Guðrún Alda & Milek, Karen (2010). Reconstructing aspects of daily life in late 19th and early 20th-century Iceland: archaeoentomological analysis of the Vatnsfjörður Farm, NW Iceland. Archaeologia Islandica 8: 77-110.
  • Sveinbjarnardóttir, Guðrún, Erlendsson, Egil, Vickers, Kim, McGovern, Thomas, Milek, Karen, Edwards, Kevin, Simpson, Ian & Cook, Gordon (2007). Reykholt: the palaeoecology of a high status Icelandic farm. Environmental Archaeology 12(2): 187-206.
  • Simpson, Ian A., Barrett, James H. & Milek, Karen B. (2005). Interpreting the Viking Age to Medieval period transition in Norse Orkney through cultural soil and sediment analyses. Geoarchaeology 20(4): 355.
  • Simpson, Ian, Milek, Karen & Guðmundsson, Garðar (1999). A reinterpretation of the Great Pit at Hofstaðir, Iceland, using sediment thin section micromorphology. Geoarchaeology: an International Journal 14(6): 511-530.
  • Simpson, Ian, Milek, Karen & Guðmundsson, Garðar (1998). Archaeological sediments and site formation at Hofstaðir, Mývatn, NE Iceland. Archaeologia Islandica 1: 129-142.
  • Milek, Karen (1997). History and environmental archaeology in Medieval Europe: a review of recent discussions. Archaeological Review from Cambridge 14: 99-103.

Book review

  • Milek, Karen (2008). Review of Smith, D. N., Brickley, M. B. and Smith, W. (eds). 2005. Fertile Ground. Papers in Honour of Susan Limbrey (Symposia of the Association for Environmental Archaeology No. 22). Environmental Archaeology 13: 190-192.

Edited Sources, Research Data Sets, and Databases

  • Milek, Karen & Jones, Richard (2012). Science Panel Report. Society of Antiquaries of Scotland (Scottish Archaeological Research Framework).